Effect of muscle strength at different intensities on resting energy expenditure

Paola Barboza González, Luis Javier Chirosa Ríos, David Ulloa Díaz, Ignacio Chirosa Ríos, Sergio Fuentealba Urra, Francisco Guede Rojas, Sebastián Mardones Herrera, Esteban Rebolledo Torres


Introduction: the regular practice of physical exercise is an important modulator of resting energy expenditure (REE), which depending on the intensity, duration, and type of exercise can increase the REE in an acute manner as well as long term. The effects of dynamic muscular strength exercises on the REE have been treated very little in literature. Objective: compare the effect of muscle strength exercise (MSE) at different intensities on the REE in young males. Methods: Intra-group design. Fourteen subjects aged 22,5±1,5 <active (IPAQ= MET≥3000 week), realized two sessions of strength exercises at 2 intensities (40% and 80%RM), in 3 types of exercises (90° Squats; Bicep Curls, and Upright Row). Each session evaluated the same number of sets (3), repetitions (6), and rest time between sets (2min.). The REE was measured beforehand, immediately after, and 24 hours after by indirect calorimetry. Results: The REEpost (kcal/day) increased after the MSE at 40%RM, (p<0,05; CI=1950,67-2215,62) and at 80%RM, (p<0,001; CI=1947,10-2154,62), for a high and moderate effect size respectively. Differences in the % of change for both intensities (p<0,05) and a high effect size for 40%RM and moderate for 80%RM were found. No differences were found in the comparison (kcal/day) between REEpre y REEpost 24h (p>0,05) after the exercise at 40%RM. The REEpost 24h was maintained according to the REEpre when the intensity was 80%RM. Conclusion: The REEpost exercise is independent of the intensity of the exercise and only is maintained after 24 hours when the MSE is at a high intensity.




Alexander, C. M. (2003). The coming of age of the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes Care, 26(11), 3180–1. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14578259

Bangsbo, J., Gollnick, P. D., Graham, T. E., Juel, C., Kiens, B., Mizuno, M., & Saltin, B. (1990). Anaerobic energy production and O2 deficit-debt relationship during exhaustive exercise in humans. The Journal of Physiology, 422, 539–559. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1190148/

Benton, J. S., Anderson, J., Hunter, R. F., & French, D. P. (2016). The effect of changing the built environment on physical activity: a quantitative review of the risk of bias in natural experiments. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 13(1), 107. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0433-3

Bonfanti, N., Fernández, J. M., Gómez-Delgado, F., Pérez-jiménez, F. (2014). Efecto de dos dietas hipocalóricas y su combinación con ejercicio físico sobre la tasa metabólica basal y la composición corporal. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 29(3), 635–643. https://doi.org/10.3305/nh.2014.29.3.7119

Børsheim, E., & Bahr, R. (2003). Effect of Exercise Intensity, Duration and Mode on Post-Exercise Oxygen Consumption. Sports Medicine, 33(14), 1037–1060. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200333140-00002

Capderou, A., Douguet, D., Losay, J., & Zelter, M. (1997). Comparison of indirect calorimetry and thermodilution cardiac output measurement in children. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 155(6), 1930–4. https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.155.6.9196098

Cleland, B. T., Ingraham, B. A., Pitluck, M. C., Woo, D., & Ng, A. V. (2016). Reliability and Validity of Ratings of Perceived Exertion in Persons With Multiple Sclerosis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2016.01.013

da Rocha, E. E. M., Alves, V. G. F., & da Fonseca, R. B. V. (2006). Indirect calorimetry: methodology, instruments and clinical application. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care, 9(3). Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/coclinicalnutrition/Fulltext/2006/05000/Indirect_calorimetry__methodology,_instruments_and.12.aspx

Dolezal, B. A., Potteiger, J. A., Jacobsen, D. J., & Benedict, S. H. (2000). Muscle damage and resting metabolic rate after acute resistance exercise with an eccentric overload. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32(7), 1202–7. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10912882

Durnin, J., & Womersley, J. (1974). Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. British Journal of Nutrition, 32(1), 77–97.

Elliot, D. L., Goldberg, L., & Kuehl, K. S. (1992). Effect of resistance training on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 6(2).

Farinatti, P., Castinheiras Neto, A. G., & Amorim, P. R. S. (2016). Oxygen consumption and substrate utilization during and after resistance exercises performed with different muscle mass. International Journal of Exercise Science, 9(1), 77-88.

Farinatti, P. T. V, & Castinheiras Neto, A. G. (2011). The effect of Between-Set Rest Intervals on the Oxygen Uptake During and After Resistance Exercise Sessions Performed with Large- and Small-Muscle Mass. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(11), 3181-90. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/Fulltext/2011/11000/The_effect_of_Between_Set_Rest_Intervals_on_the.33.aspx

Frayn, K. N. (2010). Fat as a fuel: emerging understanding of the adipose tissue-skeletal muscle axis. Acta Physiologica (Oxford, England), 199(4), 509–18. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.2010.02128.x

GAESSER, G. A., & BROOKS, C. A. (1984). Metabolic bases of excess post-exercise oxygen. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 16(1), 29–43.

Grundy, S. M., Abate, N., & Chandalia, M. (2002). Diet composition and the metabolic syndrome: what is the optimal fat intake? The American Journal of Medicine, 113(9), 25–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9343(01)00988-3

Haddock, B. L., & Wilkin, L. D. (2006). Resistance training volume and post exercise energy expenditure. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(2), 143–148.

Haltom, R. W., Kraemer, R. R., Sloan, R. A., Hebert, E. P., Frank, K., & Tryniecki, J. L. (1999). Circuit weight training and its effects on excess postexercise oxygen consumption. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31(11), 1613–1618.

Haugen, H. A., Chan, L.-N., & Li, F. (2007). Indirect calorimetry: a practical guide for clinicians. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 22(4), 377–388.

Heden, T., Lox, C., Rose, P., Reid, S., & Kirk, E. P. (2011). One-set resistance training elevates energy expenditure for 72 h similar to three sets. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111(3), 477–484. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1666-5

Jamurtas, A. Z., Koutedakis, Y., Paschalis, V., Tofas, T., Yfanti, C., & Tsiokanos, A. (2004). The effects of a single bout of exercise on resting energy expenditure and respiratory exchange ratio. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 92(4-5), 393-8.

Jiménez Gutiérrez, A. (2007). La valoración de la aptitud física y su relación con la salud. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 2(2),53-71.

Marfell-Jones, M., Stewart, A., & de Ridder, J. (2006). International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry. International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment. Potchefstroom (South Africa): International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry.

Martin, A. D., Spenst, L. F., Drinkwater, D. T., & Clarys, J. P. (1990). Anthropometric estimation of muscle mass in men. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 22(5), 729–733.

Matsuura, C., Meirelles, C. de M., & Gomes, P. S. C. (2006). Gasto energético e consumo de oxigênio pós-exercício contra-resistência. Revista de Nutriçao, 19(6), 729–740.

Mazzetti, S., Douglass, M., Yocum, A., & Harber, M. (2007). Effect of explosive versus slow contractions and exercise intensity on energy expenditure. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39(8), 1291–301. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0b013e318058a603

Nindl, B. C. (2009). Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I as a Candidate Metabolic Biomarker: Military Relevance and Future Directions for Measurement. Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, 3(2), 371–376. https://doi.org/10.1177/193229680900300220

Olds, T. S., & Abernethy, P. J. (1993). Postexercise Oxygen Consumption Following Heavy and Light Resistance Exercise. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 7(3). Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/Fulltext/1993/08000/Postexercise_Oxygen_Consumption_Following_Heavy.4.aspx

Ormsbee, M. J., Thyfault, J. P., Johnson, E. A., Kraus, R. M., Choi, M. D., & Hickner, R. C. (2007). Fat metabolism and acute resistance exercise in trained men. Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(5), 1767–72. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00704.2006

Ratamess, N. A., Falvo, M. J., Mangine, G. T., Hoffman, J. R., Faigenbaum, A. D., & Kang, J. (2007). The effect of rest interval length on metabolic responses to the bench press exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 100(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-007-0394-y

Robergs, R. A., Gordon, T., Reynolds, J., & Walker, T. B. (2007). Energy expenditure during bench press and squat exercises. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 21(1). Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/Fulltext/2007/02000/Energy_expenditure_during_bench_press_and_squat.23.aspx

Roy, J. L. P., Hunter, G. R., & Blaudeau, T. E. (2006). Percent body fat is related to body-shape perception and dissatisfaction in students attending an all women’s college. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 103(3), 677–84. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.103.3.677-684

Schuenke, M. D., Mikat, R. P., & McBride, J. M. (2002). Effect of an acute period of resistance exercise on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption: implications for body mass management. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 86, 411–417. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-001-0568-y

Sedlock, D. A., Fissinger, J. A., & Melby, C. L. (1989). Effect of exercise intensity and duration on postexercise energy expenditure. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 21(6), 662,666. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-198912000-00006

Speakman, J. R., & Selman, C. (2003). Physical activity and resting metabolic rate. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 62(3), 621–34. https://doi.org/10.1079/PNS2003282

Thornton, M.K, & Potteiger, J. A. (2002). Effects of resistance exercise bouts of different intensities but equal work on EPOC. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34(4), 715-722. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Fulltext/2002/04000/Effects_of_resistance_exercise_bouts_of_different.24.aspx

Ulloa, D., Feriche, B., Barboza, P., & Padial, P. (2014). Effect of training intensity on the fat oxidation rate. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 31(1), 421–9. https://doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.1.7424

Vingren, J. L., Kraemer, W. J., Hatfield, D. L., Volek, J. S., Ratamess, N. A., Anderson, J. M., Häkkinen, K., Ahtiainen, J., Fragala, M.S., Thomas, G.A., Ho, J.Y., & Maresh, C. M. (2009). Effect of resistance exercise on muscle steroid receptor protein content in strength-trained men and women. Steroids, 74(13), 1033–1039. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.steroids.2009.08.002

Weir, J. B. (n.d.). New methods for calculating metabolic rate with special reference to protein metabolism. 1949. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 6(3), 213–21. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2136000

Wingfield, H. L., Smith-Ryan, A. E., Melvin, M. N., Roelofs, E. J., Trexler, E. T., Hackney, A. C., Weaver, M.A., & Ryan, E. D. (2015). The acute effect of exercise modality and nutrition manipulations on post-exercise resting energy expenditure and respiratory exchange ratio in women: a randomized trial. Sports Medicine - Open, 1(1), 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-015-0010-3

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2017.123.11