Assessing physical ability and its relationship with health
Keywords:Health, Physical ability, Physical condition
Physical ability is such a complex issue in human beings that its measurement and assessment tends to be as complex as it is important for humans. In this respect, there is a need for continued research in key areas, such as the instruments for the assessment and evaluation of physical activity, the effects of the reduction of sedentarism, and the design of strategies promoting physical activity aimed at obtaining and maintaining health. In order to correctly, individually and systematically prescribe physical exercise, suitable methods are needed to assess the specific needs and lacks of each subject. Therefore, this paper attempts to determine the various series of tests for the assessment of physical ability as related to health, and also their chronological evolution as a result of the data supplied by the literature.
Allied Dunbar National Fitness Survey. A report on activity patterns and fitness levels. The Sports Council and the Health Education Authority. Londres 1992.
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. Health-Related Fitness Test Manual. Reston, VA. Autor, 1980.
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. Physical Best Program. Reston, VA. Autor, 1988.
American Health and Fitness Foundation. Fit Youth Today. Austin, TX: Autor, 1986.
Beunen, G., J. Lefevre, A. Claessens, R. Lysens, H. Maes, R. Renson, J. Simons, B. Vanden Eynde, B. Vanreusel, C. Van Den Bossche. Tracking and prediction of adult fitness in males between the ages of 13 and 30 years. In: The Eurofit Tests of Physical Fitness. VIth European Research Seminar Report, pp. 265-288. Izmir, 26-30 June, CDDS-CE, 1990.
Boreham, C.A., C.A. Mahoney, R.P. Gamble, N.M. Murphy. Application of Eurofit Tests to various populations. In: The Eurofit Tests of Physical Fitness. VIth European Research Seminar Report, pp. 117-124. Izmir, 26-30 June, CDDS-CE, 1990.
Bouchard, C., R.J. Shepard. Physical Activity, Fitness and Health: the model and key concepts. In: BOUCHARD, C., SHEPARD, R.J., STEPHENS, T. Editors. Physical Activity, Fitness and Health. International Proceedings and Consensus Statement, pp.77-88. Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL. 1994. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199401000-00024
Brohua, L., A. Graybiel, C. Heath. The step test: a simple method of measuring physical fitness for hard muscular work in adult man, Canadian Review of Biology, 3:86-91, 1943.
Canada Fitness Survey. Physical fitness of Canadians. Norms at a glance. High-lights, 40. November, 1984.
Canadian Alliance for Health, Physical Education and Recreation. Manuel d'instructions du test d'efficience physique de la CAHPER à l'usage des garçons de 7 á 17 ans. Ottawa. Autor, 1966.
Canadian Public Health Association. Standardized test of fitness in occupational health. Ottawa, Autor, 1978.
Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology. The Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness & Lifestyle Appraisal (2nd ed.). Ottawa, ON: Health Canada, 1996.
Fernández, I. Test Eurofit: una revisión bibliográfica y aplicación práctica en escolares de 6º de primaria y 1º de la ESO. Trabajo de fin de carrera. Director: A. Jiménez. Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte. Universidad Europea de Madrid. 2002 (sin publicar).
Ferrando, J. A., J. Quílez, J. A. Casajús. La condición física en los escolares aragoneses (13 a 16 a-os). Diputación General de Aragón. Departamento de Cultura y Turismo, Zaragoza, 2000.
García Manso, J.M., M. Navarro, J.A. Ruiz Caballero. Pruebas para la valoración de la capacidad motriz en el deporte. Evaluación de la condición física. Editorial Gymnos. Madrid, 1996.
Gledhill, N. Introduction to the review papers pertaining to components of the Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness and Lifestyle Appraisal. Can. J. Appl. Physiol. 262(2):157-160, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1139/h01-011
Grosser, M., S. Starishka. Test de la condición física. Martínez Roca, 1988 (Edición original de 1981).
Lee, I.M., C. Hsieh, R.S. Paffenbarger. Exercise intensity and longevity in men. J. Am. Med. Assoc., 273 (15): 1179-1184, 1995. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1995.03520390039030
Levarlet-Joyce, H., A. Debaize. La condition physique des adultes et des personnes âgées à la lumière des tests Eurofit. ADEPS SPORT. 1:14-21, 1991.
Mateo, J. ¿Medir la forma física para evaluar la salud? Apunts, Educació Física i Esports 31:70-75, 1993.
Meyer, R. Imagen del yo en los adolescentes y posición escolar en Educación Física y Deportiva. Estudio comparativo con alumnos varones de tercero. Infancia y Aprendizaje, 37:45-56, 1987. https://doi.org/10.1080/02103702.1987.10822147
Mora, J. Condición física. Cuadernos Técnicos Unisport Andalucía, Málaga, 1989.
Navarro Valdivielso, M. La condición física en la población adulta de Gran Canaria y su relación con determinadas actitudes y hábitos de vida. Tesis Doctoral. Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 1997.
Oja, P. Report on the ICSSPE Workshop on Fitness Testing. In: The Eurofit Tests of Physical Fitness. VIth European Research Seminar Report, pp. 259-263. Izmir, 26-30 June, CDDS-CE, 1990.
Oja, P., B. Tuxworth. Eurofit para Adultos, Evaluación de la aptitud física en relación con la salud. CDDS-CE, 1995 (Edición espa-ola: CSD, 1998).
Paffenbarger, R.S., E. Olsen. LifeFit. An effective exercise program for optimal health and longer life. Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL., 1996.
Pila Tele-a, A.E. Evaluación de la Educación Física y los Deportes. Editorial Pila Tele-a, Madrid, 1985.
Pila Tele-a, A.E. Preparación Física. Primer Nivel (6ª Edición). Editorial Pila Tele-a, Madrid, 1985.
Prat, J. A. Batería Eurofit II. Estandarización y baremación de la Batería Eurofit en base a una muestra en la población catalana. Revista de Investigación sobre Ciencias de la Educación Física y el Deporte, a-o III: 125-158, 1987.
Przeweda, R., W. Sikorski. Report on the implementation of Eurofit and other types of tests in assessing physical fitness in youth and adult population in Poland. In: The Eurofit Tests of Physical Fitness. VIth European Research Seminar Report, pp. 55-61. Izmir, 26-30 June, CDDS-CE, 1990.
Rodríguez, F., Gusi, N., Valenzuela, S., Nà- cher, S., Nogués, J., & Marina, M. (1998). Valoración de la condición física saludable en adultos I: antecedentes y protocolos de la batería AFISAL- INEFC. Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport, 52(54), 54–57.
Rodríguez, F.A., A. Valenzuela, N. Gusi, S. Nàcher, I. Gallardo. Valoración de la condición física saludable en adultos (y II): fiabilidad, aplicabilidad y valores normativos de la batería AFISAL-INEFC. APUNTS, Educación Física y Deportes. 54:54-65, 1999.
Sargent, D.A. The physical test of a man. American Physical Education Review, 26:118-194, 1926.
Suni, J.H., P. Oja, R.T. Laukanen, S.I. Miilumpalo, M.E. Pasanen, I.M. Vuori et al. Development of a health-related fitness test battery for adults: aspects of reliability. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 77:399-405, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-9993(96)90092-1
Suni, J.H., P. Oja, S.I. Miilumpalo, M.E. Pasanen, I.M. Vuori, & K. Bos. Health-related fitness test battery for adults: Association with perceived health, mobility, and back function and symptoms. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 79: 559-569, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-9993(98)90073-9
Suni, J.H., S.I. Miilunpalo, T.M. Asikainen, R.T. Laukanen, P. Oja, M.E. Pasanen, K. Bös, I.M. Vuori. Safety and feasibility of a health-related fitness test battery for adults. Phys. Ther. 78:134-148, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1093/ptj/78.2.134
Suni, J.H., P.Oja, S.I. Miilumpalo, M.E. Pasanen, M.I. Vuori, K. Bös. Health-related fitness test battery for middle-aged adults: associations with physical activity patterns. Int. J. Sports Med. 20: 183-191, 1999. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-1999-970287
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 1996.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2008 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.