Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Assessing strength and power in resistance training

Fernando Naclerio Ayllón, Alfonso Jiménez, Brent A. Alvar, Mark D. Peterson



Maximal Dynamic Strength is usually assessed either by the one repetition maximum test (1-RM) or by a repetition maximum test with submaximal loads, which requires the application of a formula to estimate the value of 1-RM. This value is needed to establish the objective of resistance training: such as maximum strength, endurance strength, and/or explosive strength. However, both 1-RM and submaximal tests are unable to highlight the changes produced on power and velocity. This manuscript summarizes and reviews several common strength testing protocols and proposes a novel approach that may offer greater insight to hierarchical muscle functionality.


1-RM test; Progressive load; Velocity; Power


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