Analysis of beach volleyball action sequences of female top athletes
The purpose of the study was to investigate sequences of typical beach volleyball actions to determine action patterns and anticipate athlete's behaviour. Videos from 18 games including 1645 action sequences consisting of 10918 actions from female World Tour athletes were analyzed. Single actions were recorded in a data base and probabilities of serve-reception, set-attacking, and reception-attacking action sequences were determined by means of data base queries. Chi-square tests were applied to determine significant patterns. Results did not reveal any superior type of serve which would create difficulties for the receiving team (p>0.05). The type of attack (smash or shot) did not significantly depend on the position of the setting. However, there was a tendency (p=0.054) to hard attacks when the ball was preceded by a setting far away from the net of from a lateral position near the side lines. The temporal position within a rally did neither effect the type nor the quality of attack (p>0.05). Contrariwise, the quality of the preceding reception did influence the type (p < 0.01) and the quality (p < 0.05) of attack. Following "good" receptions athletes preferred hard attacks and were more effective compared to situation where they had "perfect" or "poor" receptions. Although dependencies could not be detected in all analyzed cases the analysis of beach volleyball action sequences even by simple means of probabilities is a promising method to determine tactical patterns in beach volleyball.
Eom H.J. A mathematical analysis of team performance in volleyball. Canadian Journal of Sports Sciences. 1988; 13:55-56.
Giatsis G., Tzetzis G. Comparison of performance for winning and losing beach volleyball teams on different court dimensions. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2003; 3(1):65-74.
Giatsis G., Zahariadis P. Statistical analysis of men's FIVB beach volleyball team performance. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2008; 8(1):31-43.
Giatsis G. The effect of changing the rules on score fluctuation and match duration in the FIVB women's beach volleyball. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2003; 3(1):57-64.
Hughes M., Franks I.M. Notational analysis of sport. Routledge: London; 2004.
Jäger J., Schöllhorn W. Situation-orientated recognition of tactical patterns in volleyball. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2007; 25(12):1345-1353. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410701287230
Jäger J. Mustererkennung im Sportspiel. Tectum Verlag: Marburg; 2006.
Koch C., Mauthner T., Tilp M., Schrapf N. Evaluation of visual position estimation in beach volleyball. Journal of Sport Psychology. 2009; submitted for publication.
Koch C., Tilp M. Beach volleyball techniques and tactics: A comparison of male and female playing characteristics. Kinesiology - International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology. 2009; accepted for publication.
Laios Y. Comparison of the basic characteristics of men's and women's beach volley from the Athens 2004 Olympics. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2008; 8(3):130-137.
Lames M., Walter F. Druck machen und Ausspielen – Die relative Phase und die Interaktion in Rückschlagspielen am Beispiel Tennis. Exerting pressure and making the running – The relative phase and interaction in racket sports with special respect to tennis. Spectrum der Sportwissenschaften. 2006; 2:7-24.
Mauthner T., Koch C., Tilp M., Bischof H. Visual tracking of athletes in beach volleyball using a single camera. International Journal of Computer Science in Sport. 2007; 6(2):21-34.
McGarry T., Anderson D.I., Wallace S.A., Hughes M.D., Franks I.M. Sport competition as a dynamical self-organizing system. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2002; 20:771-781. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404102320675620
McGarry T., Franks I.M. A stochastic approach to predicting competition squash match-play. Journal of Sports Sciences. 1994; 12:573-584. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640419408732208
McGarry T., Franks I.M. Modeling competitive squash performance from quantitative analysis. Human Performance. 1995; 8:113-129. https://doi.org/10.1080/08959289509539860
McGarry T., Khan M.A., Franks I.M. On the presence and absence of behavioural traits in sport: An example from championship squash match-play. Journal of Sports Sciences. 1999; 17:297-311. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404199366019
Michalopoulou M., Papadimitriou K., Lignos N., Taxildaris K., Antoniou P. Computer analysis of the technical and tactical effectiveness in Greek beach volleyball. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2005; 5(1):41-50.
Perl J. Game analysis and control by means of continuously learning networks. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2002; 2(1):21-35.
Perl J. Möglichkeiten und Probleme der computerunterstützten Interaktionsanalyse am Beispiel Handball. In: Perl J, editor. Sport und Informatik. Sport und Buch Strauß: Köln; 1997, 75-89.
Pfeiffer M., Perl J. Analysis of tactical Structures in team handball by means of artificial neural networks. International Journal of Computer Science in Sport. 2006; 5(1):4-14.
Pöhler C. Einsatz von utilius VS zur Diagnostik taktischer Verhaltensweisen im Sportspiel Handball. Leistungssport. 2007; 37(2):29-32.
Reed D., Hughes M. An exploration of team sport as a dynamical system. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2006; 6(2):114-125.
Ronglan L.T., Grydeland J. The effects of changing the rules and reducing the court dimension on the relative strengths between game actions in top international beach volleyball. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2006; 6(1):1-12.
Schöllhorn W. Coordination dynamics and its consequences on sport. International Journal of Computer Science in Sport. 2003; 2(2):40-46.
Tilp M., Koch C., Stifter S., Ruppert G. Digital game analysis in beach volleyball. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2006; 6(1):140-148.
Copyright (c) 2009 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.