Domains in the practice of the football learning: comparative study among football athletes of junior category in Portugal and Brazil
This study aims to characterize the specific domains (SPD) and non-specific domains (NSD) of practice on the procedures of learning training in football, quantifying and identifying the experiences in order to find possible links between the estimates of accumulation of spent hours, relating them to the general aspects of practice. In this study, it was used a model of semi-structured interview. The sample (N=40), was composed of male subjects, athletes from junior category (u-20) from different populations - Portugal (pt=20) and Brazil (br=20), enabling comparative analysis of the results. After collecting the data, we analyzed the possible relationship between the profile of practice and the general aspects of training that each athlete analyzed. Regarding the discussion of the data, we made up comparisons of the results between the two clubs where the interviews were applied. The results are summarized having in mind the following aspects: (a) Portuguese Athletes (about 3000 hrs) have more experience in specific areas than Brazilian athletes (about 2600 hrs) up to 18 years old, (b) Brazilian Athletes (approx. 1600 hrs) have more experience in areas than non-specific athletes Portuguese (about 1000 hrs) up to 18 years old.
Baddeley, A.D. Random generation and the executive control of working memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 1998; 51(4):819-852. https://doi.org/10.1080/027249898391413
Baker, J., Côté, J., Abernethy, B. Sport-specific practice and the development of expert decision-making in team ball sports. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 2003; 15:12-25. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200305400
Chase, W.G., Simon, H.A. The mind's eye in chess. In: WG Chase (Ed.). Visual information processing. New York: Academic Press; 1973. Pp.215-281. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-170150-5.50011-1
Côté, J., Ericsson, K.A., Law, M.P. Tracing the development of athletes using retrospective interview methods: A proposed interview and validation procedure for reported information. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 2005; 17(1):1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200590907531
Cozby, P.C. Métodos de pesquisa em ciências do comportamento. São Paulo: Atlas; 2003.
Ericsson, K.A., Krampe, R.T., Tesch-Römer, C. The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance. Psychological Review. 1993; 100(3):363-406. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.100.3.363
Fonseca, H. Futebol de Rua, um fenômeno em vias de contributos e implicações para a aprendizagem do Jogo. Porto: H. Fonseca. Monografia apresentada à Faculdade de Desporto da Universidade do Porto; 2006]
Godinho, M., Mendes, R., Melo, F., Barreiros, J. Controlo motor e aprendizagem: Fundamentos e aplicações. Lisboa: UTL-FMH; 1999.
Helsen, W.F., Hodges, N.J., Van Winckel, J., Starkes, J.L. The roles of talent, physical precocity and practice in the development of soccer expertise. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2000; 18(9):727-736. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410050120104
Helsen, W.F., Starkes, J.L., Hodges, N.J. Team sports and the theory of deliberate practice. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 1998; 20(1):12-34. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.20.1.12
Hill, M.M., Hill, A. Investigação por questionário. Lisboa: Edições Síbalo; 2002.
Magill, R.A. Motor Learning: Concepts and Applications. (6ª ed.) New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.
Piccoli, J.C.J. Normatização para trabalhos de conclusão do curso de educação física. Canoas: Ed. ULBRA; 2003.
Ramos, F.S. Futebol: da rua à competição. (2ª ed.) Lisboa: Centro de Estudos e Formação Desportiva; 2003.
Soberlak, P., Côté. J. The developmental activities of elite ice hockey players. Journal of applied Sport Psychology. 2003; 15(1):41-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200305401
Soberlak, P. A retrospective analysis of the development and motivation of professional ice-hockey players. In: AM Williams & NJ Hodges (Eds.). Skill Acquisition in Sport: Research, Theory and Practice. London, UK: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group; 2001.
Stevenson. R.J. Learning: Principles, Processes and Practices. In: R Stevenson & J Palmer (Eds.). Children, Teachers & Learning Series. New York / London: Cassell Educational Ltd; 1994.
Tani, G. Comportamento motor: Aprendizagem e desenvolvimento. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan S.A.; 2005.
Valdano, J. Entrevista. Campus Red, 513. Consult. 15 Ago 2007, disponível em http://www.campusred.net/campusdiario/20021015/ entrev.htm/; 2002
Vygotsky, L.S. A formação social da mente: O desenvolvimento dos processos psicológicos superiores. (4ª ed.) São Paulo: Martins Fontes; 1991.
Ward, P., Hodges, N.J., Starkes, J.L., Williams, A.N. The road to excellence in soccer: A quasi longitudinal approach to deliberate practice. In: AM Williams & NJ Hodges (Eds.). Skill Acquisition in Sport: Research, Theory and Practice. London, UK: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group; 2004.
Wilkinson, H. The character for quality. London: The English Football Association; 1997.
Copyright (c) 2010 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.