Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Fitness test profiles in children aged 8-12 years old in Granada (Spain)

Mar Cepero, Ricardo López, Concepción Suárez-Llorca, Eliseo Andreu-Cabrera, Francisco Javier Rojas



The aim of this study was to determine the effects of physical education in body composition and health-related fitness among boys and girls aged 8 to 12 years old in Granada (Spain) in a longitudinal, randomized study of 5 months. 106 children (49 boys and 57 girls) between 8 and 12 years old completed the study. They were healthy students of the public schools and no history of formal exercise training. Subjects were tested (body composition and health-related fitness, measured by EUROFIT) at baseline and at week 20. After 5 months of study, girls showed more fat mass than boys (p < 0.05) and boys was more height than girls (p < 0.05). Health-related fitness showed differences by gender only in slalom (boys vs. girls (p < 0.05)). The results of body composition and health-related fitness revealed that the physical activity at school is not sufficient to support an ideal level of health-related fitness.


Body composition; Physical fitness; Health; EUROFIT; Childhood


Amusa, L.O., Goon, D.T., Amey, A.K. Gender differences in neuromotor fitness of rural South African children. Med Sport. 2010; 63:221-237.

Armstrong, N., Welsman, J. Young people and physical activity. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1997. Pp. 103-121.

Armstrong, N., Welsman, J. Young people and physical activity. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1997. Pp. 99-102.

Ball, G., Marshall, J., Mccargar, L. Fatness and fitness in obese children at low and high health risk. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2003; 15:392-405.

Barnett, L.M., Van Beurden, E., Morgan, P.J., Brooks, L.O., Beard, J.R. Does children motor skill proficiency predict adolescent fitness? Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2008; 40:2137-44.

Bender, R., Trautner, C., Spraul, M. Assessment of excess mortality in obesity. Am J Epidemiol. 1998; 147:42-8.

Deforche, B., Lefevre, J., Bourdeaudhuij, I.D., Hills, A.P., Duquet, W., Bouckaert, J. Physical fitness and physical activity in obese and nonobese Flemish youth. Obes Res. 2003; 11:434-441.

Dollman, J., Norton, K., Tucker, G. Anthropometry, fitness and physical activity of urban and rural South Africa children. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2002; 14:297-312.

Finn, K., Johannsen, N., Specker, B. Factors associated with physical activity in preschool children. J Pediatr. 2002; 140:81-5.

Gungor, E.O., Onurcerrah, A., Cobanoglu, H.O., Kacoglu, C., Yilmaz, I. Comparison of development of physical fitness parameters in different summer school programs. Journal of Human Kinetics. 2010; 25:117-123.

Hallal, P.C., Victoria, C.G., Azevedo, M.R., Wells, J.C. Adolescent physical activity and health: systematic review. Sports Med. 2006; 36:1019-1030.

Hills, A.P., King, N.A., Armstrong, T.P. The contribution of physical activity and sedentary behaviours to the growth and development of children and adolescents: implications for overweight and obesity. Sports Med. 2007; 37:533-545.

Koutedakis, Y., Bouziotas, C. National physical education curriculum: motor and cardiovascular health related fitness in Greek adolescents. Br J Sports Med. 2003; 3:311-314.

Lobstein, T., Baur, L., Uauy, R. Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obesity reviews. 2004; 5(1):4-85.

Martín-Andrés, A., Luna Del Castillo, J.D. Bioestadística para las ciencias de la salud. Madrid: Capitel Ediciones; 2009.

Matton, L., Duvigneaud, N., Wijnndaele, K., Philippaerts, R., Duquet, W., Beunen, G. Secular trends in anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness, physical activity, and biological maturation in flemish adolescents between 1969 and 2005. Am J Hum Biology. 2007; 19:345-57.

Micheli, L.J. Overuse injuries in children's sports: The growth factor. Orthopaed Clin N Am. 1983; 14:337-60.

Mondal, A. Physical and motor fitness level of Indian (Bengalee) school going girls. Int J Appl Sport Sci. 2006; 18:50-64.

Monyeki, M.A., Koppes, L.L.J., Kemper, H.C.G., Monyeki, K.D., Toriola, A.L., Pienaar, A.E., Et Al. Body composition and physical fitness of undernourished South African rural primary school children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005; 59:877-83.

Moreno, L.A., Joyanes, M., Mesana, M.I., Gonzalez-Gross, M., Gil, C.M., Sarria, A., Gutierrez, A., Garaulet, M., Perez-Prieto, R., Bueno, M., Marcos, A., Avena Study Group. Harmonization of anthropometric measurements for a multicenter nutrition survey in Spanish adolescents. Nutrition. 2003; 19(6):481-6.

Must, A., Tabor, D.J. Physical activity and sedentary behavior: a review of longitudinal studies of weight and adiposity in youth. Int J Obes. 2005; 29(2): S84-S96.

Nalan, R., Ayvazoglu, O., Ratliffe, T., Francis, O., Kozub, M. Encouraging lifetime physical activity. Teach Except Child. 2000; 37:16-20.

Pérez-Zorrilla, M.J., Alonso, J., García, J., Gil, G., Suárez, J.C. La Educación Física en el marco de la evolución del sistema educativo español. Revista de Educación. 1996; 311:279-313.

Rowlands, A.V., Eston, R.G., Ingledaw, D.K. Relationship between activity levels, aerobic fitness, and body fat in 8-to-10-year-old children. Eur J Appl Physiol. 1999; 86:1428-35.

Sallis, J.F., Patrick, K. Physical activity guidelines for adolescents: consensus statement. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 1994; 6:302-314.

Simsek, F., Ulukol, B., Berberoglu, M., Gülnar, S.B., Adryaman, P., Öcal, G. Ankara’da bir ilkögretim okulu ve lisede obezite sikligi. Ankara Üniversitesi Tip Fakültesi Mecmuasi. 2005; 58:163-166.

Slinger, J., Van Breda, E., Kuipers, H. Aerobic fitness data for Dutch adolescents. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2005; 21:10-18.

Tinazci, C., Emiroglu, O. Physical fitness of rural children compared with urban children in North Cyprus: a normative study. J Physical Activity and Health. 2009; 6:88-92.

Tomkinson, G.R., Olds, T.S. Secular changes in aerobic fitness performance of Australian children and adolescents. Med Sport Sci. 2007; 50:168-82.

Torok, K., Szelenyi, Z., Porszasz, J. Low physical performance in obese adolescent boys with metabolic syndrome. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001; 25:966-70.

Tsimeas, P.D., Tsiokanos, A.L., Koutedakis, Y. Does living in urban or rural settings affect aspects of physical fitness in children? An allometric approach. Br J Sports Med. 2005; 39:671-674.

Van Gent, M.M., Pienaar, A.E., Malan, D.D.J. Anthropometric, physical and motor fitness profiles of 10 to 15 year old girls in the North-West Province of South Africa: implications for sport talent identification. AJPHERD. 2003; 9:52-66.

Vicente-Rodriguez, G. How does exercise affect bone development during growth? Sports Med. 2006; 36:561-569.

Warburton, D., Nicol, C., Bredin, S. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. Can Med Assoc J. 2006; 174(6):801-9.

World Health Organization. Obesity and physical activity, technical report series. WHO. 2009.


Copyright (c) 2011 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.