Maximal fat oxidation at the different exercise intensity in obese and normal weight men in the morning and evening
Introduction: Circadian rhythms regulate some metabolic and hormonal variables that affect fat oxidation rates. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate Maximal fat oxidation (MFO) at a different exercise intensity in obese and normal weight men in the morning and evening. Methods: MFO was measured in 12 normal weight (BMI 20-25 kg/m2; VO2max 45.7±3.44 ml/min/kg) and 10 obese (BMI >30 kg/m2; VO2max 37.2±3.6 ml/min/kg) men during incremental running exercise test with 3 min stages on the treadmill by indirect calorimetry method. Student's t-test and one-way ANOVA with repeated measures were used to analysis variables. Results: We found that fat oxidation rates and energy expenditure in both groups in the evening were higher than morning; there were no significant differences in MFO between obese and normal groups. Furthermore, the fat oxidation rate in low intensity exercise (2max) was similar in obese and normal weight groups, but in high exercise intensities, in normal weight men were significantly higher than obese men. Conclusion: Our results suggest that independent of exercise intensity and body fat mass, exercising in the evening is more effective on fat oxidation and decrease body fat mass; therefore, it is better for weight loss purposes in obese and normal weight men.
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