The necessity of considering the challenges facing Olympic Movement

Sardar Mohammadi, Ahmadi Dehrashid Keyvan

Abstract

From the beginning that the modern Olympic Games formed, Coubertin had decide to establish and governance of amateurism in the Olympic Games. He always tried to keep Olympics Games far from issues such as professionalism in sport, issues and political tensions, seeking power of some countries, racism and political supremacy. So, by studying problems that threatens Olympic movement, can step important pace to identify the main objectives and Olympic ideals more accurately and give proper strategy to deal with these problems to withdraw its advance. In this present study we evaluate problems that threatening Olympic movement. The method used in this study is historical. So by using the documentary papers, magazines and internet, we evaluate the main problems of the Olympic movement with its details. Because the method used in this study is documentary and library-style, so it hasn't statistical population and sample. Also the research materials was articles, internet and thesis and etc. that has been done by studying sheets, classification, formulation and analyzing the data content. Finally we can say perhaps because of far away from the Olympic ideals, caused to today's threats. So by approach to those aims that was due to founders thought, Olympic movement would be saving.


Keywords

Olympic; Games; Threats

References

Airia, J., Bahram, A. The History of physical education, Fani-Mohandesi University; 1364.

Behmanesh, A. Olympic Games, Tehran, Ketabsara; 1366.

Chalip, L. The evaluate of the modern Olympic Games & Pierre de Coubertin, 31st session, international Olympic Academy (IOA), 16th – 13th; July 1991.

Chu, M. Olympic movement to eard the modern society of the 21th century, IOA, august 1994.

Dacosta, L. The central problems of olympism. 34th session, IAO. August 1992a.

Dacosta, L. The Central problems of Olympic in the face of the constraints of commercialization and possible solution. 32th session, IAO; 77-84. July 1992b.

Gills, B. International Olympic committee Award. Diffusion. 2005; (2):15-23

Haig, G. The components of the Olympic movement. 35th session, IAO; July 1995.

Heinemann, K. The economic impact of Olympic Games. 31th session, IAO; July 1992.

International Olympic Committee Ethics Commission's Mission. http://www.olympic.org/en/content/Olympic-Athletes/

International Olympic Committee Ethics Commission's Rules. http://www.olympic.org/en/content/Sports/

International Olympic Committee Ethics Commission's Statutes. http://www.olympic.org/en/content/Olympism-in-Action/

International Olympic Committee Ethics Commission's Statutes. http://www.olympic.org/en/content/countries

Johnson, W.C. Using evacuation simulations for contingency planning to enhance the security and safety of the 2012 Olympic venues. Safety Science. 2008; (46):302-322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2007.05.008

Lekarska, N. From amateurism to professionalism, 1th session, IAO. May 1992; 20-27.

Lynn, H. The Olympic dream, 31th session, IAO. July 1992.

Magdeleine, Y. New Political, Economic, Social & Organizational aspects of the Olympic movement. 34th session, IAO. August 1994.

Pleket, H. The Olympic games & their decline, 1th session, IAO. May 1992; 20-27.

Sajadi, N. The History of 100 years of Olympic Movement. Tehran: Noor; 1379.

Sajadi, N. Teaching of Olympic Movement. Tehran: National Olympic Committee; 1385

Shantz, O. Olympic ideals & the history of the Olympic Games, 6th International Postgraduate seminary on Olympic Games. IAO. Olympic; 1998.

Schneider, J.A. Olympic reform, are we there yet? Fifth International Symposium for Olympic Research, the OATH Report. 1999; 225-232.

Sharp, T., Brennan, R., Mark, K., Williams, J., Eitzen, E. & Lillibridge, S. Medical preparedness for a terrorist incident involving Chemical and Biological agents during the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games. Original Research Article Annals of Emergency Medicin. 1998; 32(2).214-223.

Sِnksen, P. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) and GH-2000. Growth Hormone & IGF Research. 2009; (19):341-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ghir.2009.04.015

Spyridaki, M.H., Kiousi, P.A., Vonaparti, P., Valavani, V., Zonaras, M., Zahariou, E., Et Al. Doping control analysis in human urine by liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization ion trap mass spectrometry for the Olympic Games Athens: Determination of corticosteroids and quantification of ephedrines, salbutamol and morphine. Analytica Chimica Acta. 2004; 573-574 (2006):242-249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.04.042

Young, D. A new history of the modern Olympic revival. 34th session, IAO. May 1992.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2011.61.01