A study of anthropometric profile of indian inter-university male cricketers

Shyamal Koley

Abstract

The purpose of this study was of two-fold, firstly, to evaluate the anthropometric profile of Indian inter-university cricketers and, secondly, to search the correlations among the anthropometric characteristics studied (if any). To serve this purpose, twelve anthropometric characteristics were taken on purposively selected 98 Indian inter-university (nine Indian universities) male cricketers aged 16-25 years (mean 21.03 years, ± 1.72) participated in the competitions organized in Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India. An adequate number of controls (n = 99, mean age 21.50 years, ± 1.13) were also collected from the same place for comparisons. The findings of the present study indicated statistically significant differences (p ≤ 0.05 - 0.000) in weight, BMI, thigh length, total leg length, calf and hip circumferences, percent body fat and back strength between cricketers and controls. Also, significantly positive correlations (p ≤ 0.05 - 0.01) were noted among the linear measurements, viz. height, thigh length, lower leg length; and the circumferential measurements, viz. mid thigh circumference, hip circumference and calf circumference in Indian inter-university male cricketers.


Keywords

Anthropometric characteristics; Indian inter-university male cricketers

References

Ackland, T.R., Ong, K.B., Kerr, D.A., Ridge, B. Morphological characteristics of Olympic sprint canoe and kayak paddlers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2003; 6:285-294. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1440-2440(03)80022-1

Alexander, M.J. The relationship of somatotype and selected anthropometric measures of basketball performance in highly skilled females. Research Quarterly. 1976; 47 (4):575-585.

Bourgois, J., Albrecht, L., Claessens, J.V., Renaat, P., Renterghem, B.V., Thomis, M., Janssens, M., Loos, R., Lefevre, J. Anthropometric characteristics of elite male junior rowers. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2000; 34:213-216. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.34.3.213

Bourgois, J., Claessens, A.L., Janssens, M., Van Renterghem, B., Loos, R., Thomis, M., Philippaerts, R., Lefevre, J., Vrijens, J. Anthropometric characteristics of elite female junior rowers. J Sports Sci. 2001; 19(3):195-202. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404101750095358

Chatterjee, S., Chatterjee, P., Bandyopadhyay, A. Skinfold thickness, body fat percentage and body mass index in obese and non-obese Indian boys. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2006; 15:232–235.

Claessens, A.L., Hlatky, S., Lefevre, J., Holdhaus, H. The role of anthropometric characteristics in modern pentathlon performance in female athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences. 1994; 12:391-401. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640419408732186

Claessens, A.L., Efevre, J., Beunen, G., Malina, R.M. The contribution of anthropometric characteristics to performance scores in elite female gymnasts. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 1999; 39:355-360.

Copley, B.B. An anthropometric, somatotypological and physiological study on tennis players with special reference to the effects of training. Johannesburg: University of Witwatersrand; 1980.

Davies, R., Du-Randt, R., Venter, D., Stretch, R. Cricket: Nature and incidence of fast-bowling injuries at an elite, junior level and associated risk factors. South African Journal of Sports Medicine. 2008; 20(4):115-118. https://doi.org/10.17159/2078-516X/2008/v20i4a275

Elliot, B.C., Foster, D.H., Gray, S. Biomechanical and physical factors influencing fast bowling. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 1986; 18:16-21.

Elliott, B., Smith, J. The relationship of selected biomechanical and anthropometric measures to accuracy in netball shooting. Journal of Human Movement Studies. 1983; 9:171-187.

Elliott, B. Back injuries and the fast bowlers in cricket. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2000; 18:983-991. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404100446784

Foster, D., Elliot, B. Fast bowling- An impact sport: A profile of D.K. Lillee. Sports Coach. 1985; 9(3):3-8.

Gabbet, T.J. Physiological and anthropometric characteristics amateur rugby players. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2000; 34:303-307. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.34.4.303

Hebbelink, M., Carter, L., De Gray, A. Body build and somatotype of Olympic swimmers, divers and waterpolo players. In L Liwillie, JP Clarys (eds.). Swimming II. Baltimore: University Park Press; 1975.

Keogh, J. The use of physical fitness scores and anthropometric data to predict selection in an elite under-18 Australian rules football team. Journal of Sport Science and Medicine. 1999; 2:125–133. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1440-2440(99)80192-3

Kibler, W.B. The role of scapula in the athletic shoulder function. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 1998; 26(2):325-337. https://doi.org/10.1177/03635465980260022801

Koley, S., Sandhu, J.S. An Introduction to Kinanthropometry. New Delhi: Friends Publications; 2005.

Koley, S., Yadav, M.K., Sandhu, J.S. Estimation of hand grip strength and its association with some anthropometric traits in Cricketers of Amritsar, Punjab, India. Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology. 2009; 3(1).

Koley, S., Yadav, M.K. An association of hand grip strength with some anthropometric variables in Indian cricket players. FACTA UNIVERSITATIS, Series: Physical Education and Sports. 2009; 7(2):113-123.

Koley, S. New Horizons in Kinanthropometry. New Delhi: Friends Publications; 2006.

Kumar, A., Koley, S., Sandhu, J.S. Anthropometric and physiological relationship of cricketers. Research Bi-Annual for Movement. 2007; 23(2):34-45.

Landers, G.J., Blanksby, B.A., Ackland, T.R., Smith, D. Morphology and performance of world championship triathletes. Annals of Human Biology. 2000; 27:387- 400. https://doi.org/10.1080/03014460050044865

Lohman, T.G., Roche, A.F., Martorell, R. Anthropometric Standardization Reference Mannual. Chicago: Human Kinetics Book; 1988.

Mannion, A.F., Adams, M.A., Cooper, R.G., Dolan, P. Prediction of maximal back muscle strength from indices of body mass and fat-free body mass. Rheumatology. 1999; 38:652-655. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/38.7.652

Reilly, T., Bangsbo, J., Franks, A. Anthropometric and physiological predispositions for elite soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2000; 18(9):669-83. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410050120050

Rico-Sanz, J. Body composition and nutritional assessments in soccer. International Journal of Sport Nutrition. 1998; 8:113–123. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsn.8.2.113

Slater, G.J., Rice, A.J., Mujika, I., Hahn, A.G., Sharp, K., Jenkins, D.G. Physique traits of lightweight rowers and their relationship to competitive success. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2005; 39:736-741. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2004.015990

Slaughter, M.H., Lohman, T.G., Boileau, R.A., Horswill, C.A., Stillman, R.J., Van Loan, M.D., Bemben, D.A. Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Human Biology. 1988; 60:709-723.

Stretch, R.A., Buys, F.J. Anthropometric profile and body composition changes in first-class cricketers. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation. 1991; 14(2):57-64.

Stretch, R.A. Anthropometric profile of first-class cricketers. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation. 1987; 10(1):65-75.

Stuelcken, M., Pyne, D., Sinclair, P. Anthropometric characteristics of elite cricket fast bowlers. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2007; 25(14):1587-1597. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410701275185

Tanner, J.M. The Physique of the Olympic Athlete. London: George Allen and Unwin; 1964.

Wilmore, J.H., Costill, D.L. Physiology of Sports and Exercise. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 1999.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2011.62.23