Anthropometric and physical fitness traits of four-time World Greco-Roman wrestling champion in relation to national norms: A case study
The purpose of the present investigation was to describe the anthropometric and physical fitness traits of a four-time World senior Greco-Roman wrestling champion (age: 24 years, height: 167 cm, weight: 61 kg) in relation to national norms. The anthropometric traits included body weight, height, sitting height, arm-span, and the physical fitness traits included flexibility (sit-and-reach, trunk-and-neck extension and shoulder-and-wrist elevation tests), maximal oxygen uptake (Gas analysis method), muscular endurance (pull-ups and bent-knee sit-ups), muscular strength (bench press, squat), agility (4×9 m shuttle run), speed (40-yd sprint), bilateral visual reaction time and body composition. The major results are as follows: body fat (%): 8.4; body weight (kg): 61; height (cm): 167; sitting height (cm): 89; arm-span (cm): 174; sit-and-reach (cm): 45; trunk-and-neck extension (cm/cm): 0.64; shoulder-and-wrist elevation (cm/cm): 0.54; maximal oxygen uptake (ml·kg-1·min-1): 56; pull-ups (reps): 50; bent-knee sit-ups (reps/min): 77; agility (s): 7.6; speed (s): 4.57; bilateral visual reaction time (ms): 229; 1RM weight lifted in the bench press relative to body weight (kg·kg-1): 1.39 and 1 RM weight lifted in the squat relative to body weight (kg·kg-1): 1.83. The present study indicated that measures of the squat, speed and agility tests of the subject were higher than Iranian national norms for 55 kg senior Greco-Roman style wrestling. The measures of bench press and trunk and shoulder flexibility tests were lower than the national norms. In other tests, no major difference was observed between the results of the subject's tests and national norms.
Anderson, C.E., Sforzo, G.A., Sigg, J.A. The effects of combining elastic and free weight resistance on strength and power in athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2008; 22(2):567-574. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181634d1e
Brozek, J., Grande, F., Anderson, T., Keys, A. Densitometric analysis of body composition: revision of some quantitative assumptions. Ann NY Acad Sci.1963; 110:113-140. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1963.tb17079.x
Callan, S.D., Brunner, D.M., Devolve, K.L., Mulligan, S.E., Hesson, J., Wilber, R.L., Kearney, J.T. Physiological profiles of elite freestyle wrestlers. J Strength Cond Res. 2000; 14:162-169.
Cvetkovic, Č., Maric, J., Marelic, N. Technical efficiency of wrestlers in relation to some anthropometric and motor variables. Kinesiology. 2005; 37 (1): 74-83.
Evans, S.A., Housh, T.J., Johnson, G.O., Beaird, J., Housh, D.J., Pepper, M. Age-specific differences in the flexibility of high school wrestlers. J Strength Cond Res. 1993; 7(1):39-42.
Horswill, C.A., Park, S.H., Roemmich, J.N. Changes in protein nutritional status of adolescent Wrestlers. Med Sci Sport Exer. 1990; 22:599-604. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199010000-00010
Horswill, C.A., Scott, J.R., Galea, P., Park, S.H. Physiological profile of elite junior wrestlers. Res Q Exercise Sport. 1988; 59(3):257-261. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bb7350
Horswill, C.A. Applied physiology of amateur wrestling. Sports Med. 1992; 14(2):114-143. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199214020-00004
Kelly, J.M., Gorney, B.A., Kalm, K.K. The effect of collegiate wrestling season on body competition, cardiovascular fitness and muscular strength and endurance. Med Sci Sport Exer. 1978; 10:119-124.
Mirzaei, B., Curby, D.G., Rahmani-Nia, F., Moghadasi, M. Physiological profile of elite Iranian junior freestyle wrestlers. J Strength Cond Res. 2009; 23(8):2339-2344. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bb7350
Mirzaei, B., Ghafouri, A. Physiological profile of Iranian senior Greco-Roman style wrestlers. J Sport Sci. 2007; 3(5):8-9.
Mirzaei, B., Mansur-Sadeghi, M. Physical fitness profile of Iranian senior freestyle wrestlers participated in national training camp. Journal of Olympic. 2007; 15(2):15-16.
Mirzaei, B., Rahmani-Nia, F., Ghhremani-Moghadam, M. A comparative study of body composition, aerobic power, anaerobic power and strength of Iranian Freestyle and Greco-Roman style wrestlers participating in The Beijing Olympic Games 2008. Journal of sports science, Exercise & society. 2010; 49(1):192-194.
Rahmani-Nia, F., Mirzaei, B., Nuri, R. Physiological profile Iranian junior Greco -Roman wrestler. I. J. Fitness. 2007; 3(2):49-54.
Roemmich, J.N., Frappier, J.P. Physiological determination of wrestling success in high school athletes. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 1993; 5(2):134-144. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.5.2.134
Roemmich, J.N., Sinning, W.S. Weight lose and wrestling training: Effects on nutrition growth, maturation, body composition and strength. J Appl Physiol. 1997; 82:1751-1759.
Schmidt, W.D., Piencikowski, C.L., Vandervest, R.E. Effects of competitive wrestling season on body composition, strength, and power in national collegiate athletic association division III college wrestlers. J Strength Cond Res. 2005; 19:505-508.
Sharratt, M.T., Taylor, A.W., Song, T.M. A physiological profile of elite Canadian freestyle wrestlers. Can J Appl Sport Sci. 1986; 11(2):100-105.
Terbizan, D.T., Seljevold, P.J. Physiological profile of age-group wrestlers. J Sport Med Phys Fit. 1996; 36(3):178-185.
Utter, A.C., O'bryant, H.S., Haff, G.G., Trone, G.A. Physiological profile of an elite freestyle wrestlers preparing for competition: A Case Study. J Strength Cond Res. 2002; 16:308-315.
Vardar, S.A., Tezel, S., Ozturk, L., Kaya, O. The relationship between body composition and anaerobic performance of elite young wrestlers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2007; 6:34-38.
Widerman, P.M., Hagan, R.D. Body weight loss in a wrestler preparing for competition: A case report. Med Sci Sport Exer. 1982; 14:413-418. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-198206000-00001
Yoon, J. Physiological profile of elite senior wrestlers. Med Sci Sport Exer. 2002; 32:225-233. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200232040-00002
Copyright (c) 2011 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.