Structure validity of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 in Greek population
The aim of the present study was to examine the factor structure of the TFEQ-R18. The project was conducted in Greek population; thus, the questionnaire was translated in Greek language. 495 males and females aged between 12-45 years old participated in the present study. There were used a series of CFA techniques for structure analysis. Confirmatory and exploratory analyses were conducted. Several criteria were used to test the hypotheses factor structures of the AIMS. The results of CFA’s showed that the R-18 item instrument had adequate psychometric properties for measuring three dimensions of eating behavior of the Greek population However these results \revealed that an R-16 item instrument was better adapted to the Greek population. The present study provided encouraging preliminary evidence supporting selected psychometric properties of the TFEQ-R18. This instrument seems to be a valid measure of the tendencies of cognitive restraint, uncontrolled eating and emotional eating of Greek population.
Allison, D.A., Kalinsky, L.B., Gorman, B.S. A comparison of the psychometric properties of three measures of dietary restraint. Psychological Assessment. 1992; 4:391-398. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-35220.127.116.111
Anglé, S., Engblom, J., Eriksson, T., Kautiainen, S., Saha, M-T., Lindfors, P., Lehtinen, M., Rimpelä, A. Three factor eating questionnaire-R18 as a measure of cognitive restraint, uncontrolled eating and emotional eating in a sample of young Finnish females. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2009; 6:41. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-6-41
Arbuckle, J. Amos 5 [Computer Software]. Chicago: Smallwaters Corporation; 2003.
Atlas, J.G., Smith, G.T., Hohlstein, L.A., Mccarthy, D.M., Kroll, L.S. Similarities and differences between Caucasian and African college women on eating and dieting exoectancies, bulimic symptoms, dietary restraint, and disinhibition. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2002; 32(3):326-34. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.10081
Bardone-Cone, A.M., Boyd, C.A. Psychometric Properties of eating disorder instruments in Black and White young women: internal consistency, temporal stability, and validity. Psychological Assessment. 2007; 19(3):356-362. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3518.104.22.1686
Bas, M., Bozan, N., Cigerim, N. Dieting, dietary restraint, and binge eating disorder among overweight adolescents in Turkey. Journal of Adolescence. 2008; 43(171):635-48.
Bas, M., Donmez, S. Self-efficacy and restrained eating in relation to weight loss among overweight men and women in Turkey. Applet. 2009; 52(1):209-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2008.09.017
Bellisle, F. [Assessing various aspects of the motivation to eat that can affect food intake and body weight control]. Journal Encephale. 2009; 35(2):182-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.encep.2008.03.009
Bentler, P.M. EQS: Structural equations program manual. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software, Inc; 1995.
Bollen, K.A., Long, J.S. Tests for structural equation models. International Journal of Social Research Methodology. 1992; 21:123-131. https://doi.org/10.1177/0049124192021002001
Brown, M.W., Cudeck, R. Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In: Bollen KA, Long JS, editors. Testing structural equation models (p. 136-162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publication, Inc; 1993.
Byrne, B.M. Structural equation modeling with AMOS. Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; 2001.
Cattell, R.B. The scientific use of factor analysis in behavioral and life sciences. New York: Plenum Press; 1978. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-2262-7
Cattell, R.B. The scree test for the number of factors'. Multivariate Behav. Res. 1966; 1:140-161. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr0102_10
Comrey, A. Common methodological problems in factor analytical studies'. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1978; 46:648-659. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.46.4.648
Cronbach, L.J. Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika. 1951; 16:296-334. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02310555
De Lauzon, B., Romon, M., Deschamps, V., Lafay, J.B., Karlsson, J., Ducimetiere, P., Charles, M.A. & The Fleurbaix Laventie Ville Sante Study Group (FLVS). The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 is able to distinguish among different eating patterns in a general population. Journal of Nutrition. 2004; 134(9):2372-80.
French, S.A., Jeffery, R.W. Consequences of dieting to lose weight: effects on physical and mental health. Journal of Health Psychology. 1994; 13(3):195-212. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-622.214.171.124
Gorsuch, R.L. Factor analysis. Hillsdale, NL: Lawrence Erlbaum; 1983.
Guertin, T.L. Eating behavior of bulimics, self-identified binge eaters, and non-eating-disordered individuals: what differentiates these populations? Clinical Psychology Review. 1999; 19(1):1-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7358(98)00017-8
Herman, C.P., Polivy, J. Anxiety, restraint, and eating behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 1975; 84:666-672. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.84.6.666
Hinkin, T.R. A review of scale development practices in the study of organizations. Journal Management. 1995; 21(5):967-988. https://doi.org/10.1177/014920639502100509
Hu, L., Bentler, P.M. Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariances structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling. 1999; 6(1):1-55. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118
Hyland, M.E., Irvine, S.H., Thacker, C., Dann, P.L., Dennis, I. Psychometric analysis of the Stunkard-Messick Eating Questionnaire (SMEQ) and comparison with the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Current Psychology: Research and Reviews. 1989; 8:228-233. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02686751
Karlsson, J., Persson, L.O., Sjostrom, L., Sullivan, M. Psychometric properties and factor structure of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in obese men and women. Results from the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders. 2000; 24:1715-1725. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0801442
Keskitalo, K., Tuorila, H., Spector, T.D., Cherkas, L.F., Knaapila, A., Kaprio, J., Silventoinen, K., Perola, M. The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire, body mass index, and responses to sweet and salty fatty foods: a twin study of genetic and environmental associations. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2008; 88(2):263-71.
Kline, R.B. Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed). New York: The Guilford Press; 2005.
Maus, N., Paul, T., Pudel, V., Westenhöfer, J. Behavioural factors involved in the control of food intake in man. [Review]. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. 1988; 8(3):356-66.
Nunnally, J. Psychometric theory (2nd ed). New York: McGraw Hill; 1978.
Ricciardelli, L.A., Williams, R.J. A two-factor model of dietary restraint. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 1997; 53:123-131. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(199702)53:2<123::AID-JCLP5>3.0.CO;2-U
Shearin, E.N., Russ, M.J., Hull, J.W., Clarkin, J.F., Smith, G.P. Construct validity of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire: flexible and rigid control subscales. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 1994; 16(2):187-198. https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-108X(199409)16:2<187::AID-EAT2260160210>3.0.CO;2-U
Simmons, J.R., Smith, G.T., Hill, K.K. Validation of eating and dieting expectancy measures in two adolescenet samples. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2002; 31(4):461-473. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.10034
Stevens, J. Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erbaum; 1996.
Stunkard, A.J., Messick, S. The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire to Measure Dietary Restraint, Disinhibition and Hunger. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 1985; 29(1):71-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3999(85)90010-8
Van Strien, T., Frijters, J.E.R., Bergers, G.P.A., Defares, P.B. The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) for assessment of restrained, emotional, and external eating behavior. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 1986; 5:295-315. https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-108X(198602)5:2<295::AID-EAT2260050209>3.0.CO;2-T
Van Strien, T., Oosterveld, P. The children's DEBQ for assessment of restrained, emotional, and external eating in 7- to 12-year-old children. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2008; 41(1):72-81. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.20424
Wagenknecht, M., Hainer, V., Kunesová, M., Bellisle, F., Parízková, J., Braunerová, R., Hill, M., Lajka, J. [Relationships between the "eating inventory" factors, socioeconomic status, anthropometric body adiposity indexes and health risks in Czech population]. Casopis Lekaru Ceskych. 2007; 146(3):284-6, 287-91.
Westerterp-Plantenga, M.S., Rolland, V., Wilson, S.A., Westerterp, K.R. Satiety related to 24 h diet-induced thermogenesis during high protein/carbohydrate vs. high fat diets measured in a respiration chamber. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1999; 53:495-502. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600782
Yeomans, M.R., Leitch, M., Mobini, S. Impulsivity is associated with the disinhibition but not restraint factor from the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire. Appetite. 2008; 50(2-3):469-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2007.10.002