Taping in sports: A brief update
Athletic taping is an adjunct mechanism adopted as a preventive measure of injuries or post-injury rehabilitation and prophylaxis. The tape is chosen properly so that it could be able to properly strap the body parts, e.g., ankle, wrist, finger, etc. There are certain principles, guidelines, rules and regulations based on which taping has to be done. Besides injury prevention, taping is also used in sports as conservative management of pain, biomechanical effects, effects on balance, posture and neuromuscular system, rehabilitation. Taping has been found to be effective in cases of ankle, foot, hand and wrist injuries as well as appeared to be more valuable in rehabilitation than in prevention of knee and ankle injury. A modern and new approach of taping is kinesiology tape which provides athletes with a solution for working through minor injuries and recovering faster from major injuries and has also been found to be an ideal modality for use in chiropractice settings. It also helps in enhancement of endurance capacity and even performance level in certain cases. Contradictory opinions exist among scientists regarding the advantages and disadvantages of application of taping in sports. Nonetheless Athletic Taping is recommended with certain precautions for the benefit of the sportspersons and athletic performance.
AGNEW PS. Taping of the foot and ankle for Korean karate. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1993; 83:534-6. https://doi.org/10.7547/87507315-83-9-534
ALT W, LOHRER H, GOLLHOFER A. Functional Properties of additional ankle taping: neuromuscular and mechanical effects before and after exercise. Foot Ankle Int. 1999; 20:238-245. https://doi.org/10.1177/107110079902000406
Aminaka N, GRIBBLE PA. A systemic review of the effects of therapeutic taping on patellofemoral pain syndrome. J Athletic Train. 2005; 40:341-351.
BAHR R, KARLSEN R, LIAN O, OVREBO RB. Incidence and Mechanisms of acute ankle inversion injuries in volley ball. Am J Sports Med. 1994; 22:595-600. https://doi.org/10.1177/036354659402200505
BAKER MM, JUHN MS. Patellofemoral pain syndrome in the female athlete. Clin Sports Med. 2000; 19:315-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0278-5919(05)70206-4
Baquie P. Lower Limb Taping. Aust Fam Physician. 2002; 31:451-452.
BIRRER RB, POOLE B. General Principles, Specifics for the Ankle, Taping of Sports Injuries: Review of a Basic Skill. J Musculoskel Med. 2004; 21:197-211.
BUTTERWICK DJ, NELSON DS, LAFAVE MR, MEEUWISSE WH. Epidemiological analysis of injury in one year of Canadian professional rodeo. Clin J Sports Med. 2004; 6:171-177. https://doi.org/10.1097/00042752-199607000-00006
CANELON MF. Silicone rubber splinting for athletic hand and wrist injuries. J Hand Ther. 1995; 8:252-257. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0894-1130(12)80117-7
CARTWRIGHT LA, PITNEY WA. Athletic Training for Student Assistants. Human Kinetics, USA; 1999.
Chomiak J, Junge A, Peterson L, Dvorak J. Severe Injuries in Football players. Influencing Factors. Am J Sports Med. 2000; 28:S58-S68. https://doi.org/10.1177/28.suppl_5.s-58
CORDOVA ML, INGERSOLL CD, LEBLANC MJ. Influence of ankle support on joint range of motion before and after exercise: a meta-analysis. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2000; 30(4):170-177. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2000.30.4.170
ENGSTROM BK, RENSTROM PA. How can injuries be prevented in the World cup Soccer athlete? Clin Sports Med. 1998; 17:755-768. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0278-5919(05)70116-2
ERNST GP, KAWAGUCHI J, SALIBA E. Effect of patellar taping on knee kinetics of patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1999; 29:661. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.19188.8.131.521
FERGUSON AB. The Case against ankle Taping. Am J Sports Med. 1973; 1:46-47. https://doi.org/10.1177/036354657300100213
FREY C, ANDERSEN GD, FEDER KS. Plantarflexion injury to the metatarsophalangeal joint ("sand toe"). Foot Ankle Int. 1996; 17:576-581. https://doi.org/10.1177/107110079601700914
GARRETT WE, KIRKENDALL DT, SQUIRE DL. Principles and practice of primary care sports medicine. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins: Philadelphia, 2001.
GISSANE C, WHITE J, KERR K, JENNINGS D. An Operational Model to Investigate contact Sports Injuries. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001; 3:1999-2003. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200112000-00004
HEIDT RS JR, DORMER SG, CAWLEY PW, SCRANTON PE JR, LOSSE G, HOWARD M. Differences in friction and torsional resistance in athletic shoe-surface interfaces. Am J Sports Med. 1996; 24:834-842. https://doi.org/10.1177/036354659602400621
INKLAAR H. Soccer injuries II. Aetiology and Prevention. Sports Med. 1994; 18:81-93. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199418020-00002
Jerosch J, Thorwestern L, Bork H, Bischof M. Is prophylactic bracing of the ankle cost effective? Orthoped. 1996; 19:405-414.
LOUDON JK, GOIST HL, LOUDON KL. Genu recurvatum syndrome. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1998; 27:361-367. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.19184.108.40.2061
MARSHALL SW, WALLER AE, LOOMIS DP, FEEHAN M, CHALMERS DJ, BIRD YN, et al. Use of Protective equipment in a Cohort of Rugby players. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001; 33:2131-2138. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200112000-00024
MASCARO TB, SWANSON LE. Rehabilitation of the foot and ankle. Orthop Clin North Am. 1994; 25:147-160.
MCCONNELL J. A novel approach to pain relief: pre-therapeutic exercise. J Sci Med Sport. 2000; 3:325. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1440-2440(00)80041-9
MCCONNELL J. Racalcitrant chronic low back and leg pain--a new theory and different approach to management. Man Ther. 2002; 7:183-192. https://doi.org/10.1054/math.2002.0478
MOSS CL, GORTON B, DETERS S. A comparison of prescribed rigid orthotic devices and athletic taping support used to modify pronation in runners. J Sport Rehabil. 1993; 2:179-188. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2.3.179
NYLAND JA, ULLERY LR, CABORN DN. Medical patellar taping changes the peak plantar force location and timing of female basketball players. Gait Posture. 2002; 15:146-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0966-6362(01)00145-X
PALMER DH, LANE-LARSEN CL. Helicopter skiing wrist injuries. A case report of "bugaboo forearm". Am J Sports Med. 1994; 22:148-149. https://doi.org/10.1177/036354659402200124
PARKKARI J, KUJALA UM, KANNUS P. Is it possible to prevent Sports Injuries? Review of Controlled Clinical Trials and Recommendations for Future Work. Sports Med. 2002; 31:985-995. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200131140-00003
POWERS CM, LANDEL R, SOSNICK T, KIRBY J, MENGEL K, CHENEY A, ET AL. The effects of patellar taping on stride characteristics and joint motion in subjects with patellar pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1997; 26:286-291. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.19220.127.116.116
REFSHAUGE KM, KILBREATHE SL, RAYMOND J. The effect of recurrent ankle inversion sprain and taping on proprioception at the ankle. Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2000; 32:10. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200001000-00003
ROBBINS S, WAKED E. Factors associated with ankle injuries. Preventive measures. Sports Med. 1998; 25:63-72. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199825010-00005
ROOKS MD. Rock climbing injuries. Sports Med. 1997; 23:261-270. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199723040-00005
SIMONEAU GG, DEGNER RM, KRAMPER CA, KITTLESON KH. Changes in ankle joint proprioception resulting from strips of athletic tape applied over the skin. J Athletic Train. 1997; 32:141.
Specchiulli F, COFANO RE. A comparison of surgical and conservative treatment in ankle ligament tears. Orthoped. 2001; 24:686-688.
UGALDE V, BATT ME. Shin splints: current theories and treatment. Crit Rev Phys Rehabil Med. 2001; 13:217-253. https://doi.org/10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v13.i2-3.60
WARME WJ, BROOKS D. The effect of circumferential taping on flexor tendon pulley failure in rock climbers. Am J Sports Med. 2000; 28:674-678. https://doi.org/10.1177/03635465000280050901
WOJTYS EM, HUSTON LJ. "Customer-fit" versus "off-the-shelf" ACL functional braces. Am J Knee Surg. 2001; 14:157-162.
WRIGHT KE, WHITEHILL WR. The Comprehensive Manual of Taping and Wrapping Techniques, Cramer Products Inc. USA; 1996.
ZETARUK MN. The Young Gymnast. Clin Sports Med. 2000; 19:757-780. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0278-5919(05)70236-2