Balance training programs for soccer injuries prevention


  • Asimenia F. Gioftsidou Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, DUTH, Greece
  • Paraskevi Malliou Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, DUTH, Greece
  • George Pafis Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, DUTH, Greece
  • Anastasia Beneka Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, DUTH, Greece
  • Kyriakos Tsapralis Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, DUTH, Greece
  • Polina Sofokleous Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, DUTH, Greece
  • Olga Kouli Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, DUTH, Greece
  • Stella Rokka Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, DUTH, Greece
  • George Godolias Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, DUTH, Greece



Soccer players, Proprioception, Frequency of balance training


The purpose of the study was to compare 2 different balance training programs, based on distinct exercise frequencies, with the aim of improving proprioceptive ability. Thirty eight professional soccer players, were randomly assigned into 3 groups: the A group, exercised with a frequency of 6 times per week, for 3 weeks, the B group exercised with a frequency of 3 times per week, for 6 weeks and the C group (control) did not follow a highly specific balance training, but only a standard soccer training. All participants were evaluated with the use of an electronic stability system (indices-deviations) and of a wooden balance board (time on balance) before (pre test) and after the training period (post test). Analyses of variance (ANOVAs), with repeated measures on the last factor, were conducted to determine effect of training programs and measures (pre-test, post-test) on balance test indices (SI, API, and MLI) and time on balance board. The results showed that both training groups improved their balance ability similarly (p<0.05) despite the different frequency of the balance training program. The authors proposed that balance training program can be applied in soccer players on a daily basis or at least 3 times per week, according to the demands of the training period.


Download data is not yet available.


Arnold, B.L., & Schmitz, R.J. (1998) Examination of balance measures produced by the Biodex Stability System. J Athletic Train, 33(4), 323-327.

Askling, C., Karlsson, J., & Thorstensson, A. (2003) Hamstring injury occurrence in elite soccer players after preseason strength training with eccentric overload. Scand J Med Sci Sport, 13(4), 244-250.

Bahr, R., Lian, O., & Bahr, I.A. (1997) A twofold reduction in the incidence of acute ankle sprains in volleyball after the introduction of an injury prevention program: a prospective cohort study. Scand J Med Sci Sport 7(3), 172-177.

Biodex Stability System. Stability System, resource book. Shirley, New York, 1998.

Caraffa, A., Cerulli, G., Projetti, M., Aisa, G., & Rizzo, A. (1996) Prevention of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in soccer. A prospective cοntrolled study of proprioceptive training. Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc. 4(1), 19-21.

Chong, R.K., Ambrose, A., Carzoli, J., Hardison, L., & Jacobson, B. (2001) Source of improvement in balance control after a training program for ankle proprioception. Percept. Mot. Skills, 92(1), 265-72.

Dvorak, J. (2000) Football injuries and physical symptoms. Am J Sports Med 28, S69–S74.

Gioftsidou, A., & Malliou, P. (2006) Preventing lower limb injuries in soccer players. Strength Cond J 28(1), 10-13.

Gioftsidou, A., Malliou, P., Pafis, G., Beneka, A., Godolias, G., & Maganaris C. (2006) The effects of soccer training and timing of balance training on balance ability. Eur J Appl Phys 96, 659-664.

Goldie, P.A., Bach, T.M., & Evans, O.M. (1989) Force platform measures for evaluating postural control: Reliability and validity. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 70, 510–517.

Guskiewicz, K.M., & Perrin, D.H. (1996) Research and clinical applications of assessing balance. J Sport Rehabil 5, 45–63.

Hanney, W. (2000) Proprioceptive training for ankle instability. Strength and Cond 22(5), 63-68.

Hoffman, M., & Payne, G. (1995) The Effects of Proprioceptive Ankle Disk Training on Healthy Subjects. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 21(2), 90-93.

Irrgang, J.J., Whitney, S., & Cox, E. (1994) Balance and proprioceptive training for rehabilitation of the lower extremity. J Sport Rehabil 3, 68–83.

Lephard, S.M., Pincivero, D.M. & Henry, H. (1998) Learning effect and reliability of the Biodex stability system. In Biodex Stability System, resource book. Shirley, New York, 1998. pp 4-6.

Malliou, P., Gioftsidou, A., Pafis, G., Beneka, A., & Godolias, G. (2004) Proprioceptive training (balance exercises) reduces lower extremity injuries in young soccer players. J Back Musculoskelet 17, 101–104.

Morgan, B., & Oberlander, M. (2001) An Examination of Injuries in Major League Soccer. Am J Sports Med 29, 426-430.

Olmsted, L.C., Carcia, C.R., Hertel, J., Shultz, S.J. (2002) Efficacy of the star excursion balance tests in detecting reach deficits in subjects with chronic ankle instability. J Athletic Train 37, 501–506.

Peterson, L., Chomiak, J., Graf-Baumann, T., & J. Dvorak. (2000) Incidence of football Injuries and Complains in Different Age Groups and Skill-Level Groups. Am J Sports Med 28(5S), S51-57.

Ross, S.E., & Guskiewicz, K.M. (2004) Examination of static and dynamic postural stability in individuals with functionally stable and unstable ankles. Clin J Sport Med 14, 332–338.

Rozzi, S.L., Lephart, S.M., Sterner, R., & Kuligowski, L. (1999) Balance training for persons with functionally unstable ankles. J. Orthop Sports Phys Ther 29(8), 478-486.

Sammarco, G.J. (1995) Rehabilitation of the foot and ankle. Mosby-Year Book, Inc. St. Louis, Missouri.

Soderman, K., Werner, S., Pietila, T., Engstrom, B., & Alfredson. H. (2000) Balance board training: prevention of traumatic injuries of the lower extremites in female soccer players? A prospective randomized intervention study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 8, 356-363.

Tippett, S., & Voight, M. (1995) Functional Progressions for Sport Rehabilitation. Human Kinetics.

Wedderkopp, N., Kaltoft, M., Lundgaard, B., Rosendahl, M., & Froberg. K. (1999) Prevention of injuries in young female players in European team handball. A prospective intervention study. Scand J Med Sci Sports 9, 41-47.

Zachazewski, J., Magee, D., & Quillen, W. (1996) Athletic injuries and rehabilitation. W.B. Saunders Company, pp. 236-261.



Statistics RUA



How to Cite

Gioftsidou, A. F., Malliou, P., Pafis, G., Beneka, A., Tsapralis, K., Sofokleous, P., Kouli, O., Rokka, S., & Godolias, G. (2012). Balance training programs for soccer injuries prevention. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 7(3), 639–647.



Sport Medicine, Nutrition & Health

Most read articles by the same author(s)