Factors influencing the choice of a university degree: The case of recreation, parks and tourism administration studies
The aim of this research is to analyze students´ expectations that have an influence on choosing Leisure and Recreation as an academic major. According to the analysis of this research on the reasons for choosing Recreation, Parks, and Tourism Administration studies at a university in the United States, the conclusions reached show that among multiple factors, the expectations of having collaborative and situated learning experiences are one of the main reasons for choosing these studies, as well as the job opportunities that this degree offers. The results of this research evidence the high degree of emotionality affecting this decision. The conclusions of this study may be useful for designing Leisure and Recreation curriculums.
ANDERSON, J.R., GREENO, J.G., REDER, L.M. and SIMON, H.A. (2000). Perspectives on learning, thinking, and activity. Educational Researcher, 229 (4), 11-13. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X029004011
BROOKES, M. (2003). Evaluating the 'Student Experience': An Approach to Managing and Enhancing Quality in Higher Education. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 2(1), 17-26. https://doi.org/10.3794/johlste.21.27
BROWN, J. S., COLLINS,A. and DUGUID, P. (1989). Situated cognition and the culture of learning. Educational Researcher, 18 (1), 32-42. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X018001032
Cochran-Smith, M. and Lytle, S.L. (1999). Relationships of Knowledge and Practice: Teacher Learning in Communities. In A. Iran-Nejad and P.D. Pearson, Review of Research in Education, 24, 249-306.
Cochran-Smith, M. and Lytle, S.L. (2011). Changing Perspectives on Practitioner Research. Learning Landscapes, 4(2), 17-23.
Damasio, A. (1994). Descartes' error. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons.
Damasio, A. (1999). The feeling of what happens: Body, Emotion and the making of consciousness. London: Heinemann.
DARLING-HAMMOND, L. (1996) The right to learn and the advancement of teaching: Research, policy and practice for democratic education. Educational Researcher, 6, 5-17. 1996. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X025006005
Dewey, J. (1963). Experience and Education. New York: Collier Books.
DUNBAR, R. and SHULTZ, S. (2007). Evolution in the social brain. Science, 317, 1344-1347. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1145463
ECO, U. (2004). It's not what you know… The Guardian, 3 April, 7.
GLASER, B.G. and STRAUSS, A.L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Nueva York: Aldine. 1967.
HOLLAND, J.L. (1996). Exploring careers with a typology: What we have learned and some new directions. American Psychologist, 51(4), 397-406. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.51.4.397
Huber, G. L. AQUAD Six. (2012). Manual for the Analysis of Qualitative data. Tübingen: Ingeborg Huber Verlag.
HUBER, G. L. (2008). Aprendizajes activos y metodologías educativas. Revista de Educación, número extraordinario, 59-81.
JAWITZ, J. (2009). Learning in the academic workplace: the harmonization of collective and the individual habitus. Studies in Higher Education, 34 (6), 601-614. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075070802556149
JOHNSON, D.W. and JOHNSON, R.T. (2009). An Educational Psychology success story: interdependence Theory and cooperative learning. Educational Researcher, 38 (5), 365-379. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X09339057
Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinking, Fast and Slow. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Books.
King, M., Morison, I., Reed, G. and Stachow, G. (1999). Student Feedback Systems in the Business School: A Departmental Model. Quality Assurance in Education 7(2): 90-100. https://doi.org/10.1108/09684889910269588
Koch, C. (2012). How Physics and Neuroscience Dictate Your "Free" Will. Scientific American, April 12.
KOHLER, E., KEYSERS, C., UMILTÀ, M. A., FOGASSI, L., GALLESE, V. and RIZZOLATTI, G. (2002). Hearing sounds, understanding actions: action representation in mirror neurons. Science, 297, 846-848. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1070311
KRUMBOLTZ, J.D. and WORTHINGTON, R.L. (1999). The School to Work Transition from a Learning Theory Perspective. The Career Development Quarterly, 47, 312-325. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-0045.1999.tb00740.x
KRUMBOLTZ, J.D., MITCHELL, A.M., and JONES, G.B. (1976). A social learning theory of career selection. The Counseling Psychologist, 6(1), 71-81. https://doi.org/10.1177/001100007600600117
Ladson-Billings, G. (2004). New directions in multicultural education: Complexities, boundaries, and critical race theory. In J. A. Banks and C. A. M. Banks (Eds.), Hand-book of research on multicultural education (2nd ed., pp. 50-65). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
LAVE, J. and WENGER, E. (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. New York: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511815355
LEHER, J. (2012). Why We Don't Believe In Science. The New Yorker, June 7.
LIEBERMAN, A. and POINTER-MACE, D. H. (2008). Teacher Learning: the key to Educational Reform. Journal of Teacher Education, 59, (3)226-234. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022487108317020
Martínez, M. A. and Sauleda, N. (2001). Interdependencia entre las concepciones sobre el aprendizaje y la mente en el escenario de las perspectivas colaborativas de la educación. In E. Tonda and A. Mula (Eds.) Scripta in Memoriam (pp. 235-254). Alicante: Publicaciones de la Universidad de Alicante.
MARTÍNEZ, M. A., SAULEDA, N. and HUBER, G. (2001). Metaphors as blueprints of thinking about teaching and learning. Teaching and Teacher Education, 17, 965-977. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0742-051X(01)00043-9
Mitchell, W. J. T. (2005). What pictures want? Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Millis, B. and Cottell, P. G. (1998). Cooperative Learning for higher education faculty. New York: ACE Oryx.
MIRSAFIAN, H. and MOHAMADINEJAD, A. (2012). Sport volunteerism: a study on volunteering motivations in university. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 7 (1)Proc, 73-84. https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2012.7.Proc1.09
PLUMTON, C. (2005). An exploration of factors involved in choosing recreation as an academic major. Thesis Master of Arts. University of Manitoba. Dissertation Abstracts International, 44(03), (AAT MR08939).
Putnan, R.T. and Borko, H. (2000). What do new views of knowledge and thinking have to say about research on teacher learning? Educational Researcher, 29, 4-15. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X029001004
RAYMORE, L.A, and BERNO, T. (1996). Undergraduate Parks, Recreation, and Leisure Education: Variables Associated With Recruitment and Implications For Retention. Schole: A journal of leisure studies and recreation education, 10, 35-43.
Rifkin, J. (2009). The empathic civilization. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin.
Rizzolati, G. and Sinigaglia, C. (2006). Mirrors in the Brain: How Our Minds Share Actions an Emotions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
ROSENFIELD, I. and ZIFF, E. (2008). How the Mind Works: Revelations. The New York Review of Book. LV, 11, 62-65.
ROTH, W.M. (1995). Authenctic school science. Knowing and learning in open-inquiry science laboratories. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0495-1
ROTH, W.M. (1998). Designing Communities. Dordrecht: Kluwer A. P. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-5562-5
STIEGLER, B. (2012). La formation de la nouvelle raison: Sept proposition pour l'ecole. In D. Kambonahner, P. Meirien and B. Stiegler, L'école, le numérique et la societé qui vient. Paris: Mille et une nuits.
Super, D.E. (1990). A life-span, life-space approach to career development. In D. Brown, L. Brooks, and Associates (Eds.), Career choice and development (2nd Ed.) (pp.89-97). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
TVERSKY, A. and KAHNEMAN, D. (1981). The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice. Science, 211, 453-458. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.7455683
Walker, M. (2006). Higher Education Pedagogies. Glasgow: McGraw Hill Education.
WHITCOMB, J., BORKO, H. and LISTON, D. (2009). Growing Talent. Promising Professional Development Models and Practices. Journal of Teacher Education, 60, (3)207-212. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022487109337280