Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Incidence injury analysis on rowers in the spanish mediterranean fixed bench championship 2012

Alfonso Penichet Tomás, Jose Manuel Jiménez-Olmedo, Sheila Saiz-Colomina, Marcelo A. Jove-Tossi, Jose A. Martínez-Carbonell, Mar Silvestre-García



The standardized assessment of sports injuries provides important epidemiological information and instructions to prevent them. The aim of this study was to determine if the pattern detrimental impact on fixed seat rowing agreed with the literature review of the Olympic rowing modality. A retrospective questionnaire was administer  to 79 male rowers, with an age mean of 27.66 ± 7.15, belonging to the male in the senior category VIII Rowing Spanish Mediterranean Bank Fixed Championship that took place in Torrevieja during the 25th, 26th and 27th of May. The anatomical regions that were damage the most were the ankle (15.4%) and lower back (13.2%). These injuries have occurred with higher incidence in training (55.1%) as the most recidivist injury, the ankle, which has occurred for 73% of the time during this moment. The most common injury is the overuse (44.2%) and the most repeated diagnosis was sprain (23.1%).


Rowing; Injury; Performance; Competition; Fixed bench


BAHR R, ANDERSEN SO, LOKEN S, FOSSAN B, HANSEN T, HOLME I. Low back pain among endurance athletes with and without specific back loading. A cross-sectional survey of cross-country skiers, rowers, orienteerers, and nonathletic controls. Spine. 2004; 29(4):449-454.

CALDWELL JS, MCNAIR PJ, WILLIAMS M. The effects of repetitive motion on lumbar flexion and erector spinae muscle activity in rowers. Clinical Biomechanics. 2003; 18(8):704-711.

ELORANTA I, TITTONEN T. The reliability and validity of sport injury questionnaire in questions concerning acute and overuse injuries. (In Finnish). Master's thesis. University of Jyvaskyla, Jyva ̈skyla ̈, Finland; 2006.

FENWICK CMJ, BROWN SHM, MCGILL SM. Comparison of different rowing exercises: trunk muscle activation and lumbar spine motion, load, and stiffness. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2009; 23(2):350-358.

HOLT PJE, BULL AMJ, CASHMAN PMM, MCGREGOR AH. Kinematics of spinal motion during prolonged rowing. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2003; 24(8):597-602.

JONES JA, ALLANSON-BAILEY L, JONES MD, HOLT CA. An Ergometer Based Study of the Role of the Upper Limbs in the Female Rowing Stroke. In: A. Sabo, P. Kafka, S. Litzenberger & C. Sabo (Eds.), Engineering of Sport 8: Engineering Emotion - 8th Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association. 2010; 2(2):2555-2561.

JUNGE A, ENGEBRETSEN L, MOUNTJOY ML, ALONSO JM, RENSTROM PAFH, AUBRY MJ, et al. Sports injuries during the Summer Olympic Games 2008. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2009; 37(11):2165-2172.

MAURER M, SODER RB, BALDISSEROTTO M. Spine abnormalities depicted by magnetic resonance imaging in adolescent rowers. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2011; 39(2):392-397.

MCGREGOR A, ANDERTON L, GEDROYC W. The assessment of intersegmental motion and pelvic tilt in elite oarsmen. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2002; 34(7):1143-1149.

MCGREGOR AH, BULL AMJ, BYNG-MADDICK R. A comparison of rowing technique at different stroke rates: A description of sequencing, force production and kinematics. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2004; 25(6):465-470.

MCNALLY E, WILSON D, SEILER S. Rowing injuries. Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology. 2005; 9(4):379-396.

PENICHET A, ALONSO D, GUTIERREZ A, ANDREU E, SUÁREZ C. Women sport injuries: a retrospective study of elite windsurfers. Journal of Human Sport & Exercise. 2012; 7(2):446-453.

PÉREZ JA, CORTELL JM, SUÁREZ C, CHINCHILLA JJ, CEJUELA R, ANDREU E. Lesiones en windsurfistas de élite masculinos. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte. 2012; 12 (45):83-92.

PÉREZ JA, CORTELL JM, SUÁREZ C, CHINCHILLA JJ, JOVE M, ANDREU E, CARRASCO V. Lesiones en kitesurfistas de élite masculinos. RETOS. Nuevas Tendencias en Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación. 2011; 20:30-32.

PERICH D, BURNETT A, O'SULLIVAN P, PERKIN C. Low back pain in adolescent female rowers: a multi-dimensional intervention study. Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy. 2011; 19(1):20-29.

POLLOCK CL, JENKYN TR, JONES IC, IVANOVA TD, GARLAND SJ. Electromyography and kinematics of the trunk during rowing in elite female rowers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2009; 41(3):628-636.

POLLOCK CL, JONES IC, JENKYN TR, IVANOVA TD, GARLAND SJ. Changes in kinematics and trunk electromyography during a 2000 m race simulation in elite female rowers. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2012; 22(4):478-487.

RUMBALL JS, LEBRUN CM, DI CIACCA SR, ORLANDO K. Rowing injuries. Sports Medicine. 2005; 35(6):537-555.

SMOLJANOVIC T, BOJANIC I, HANNAFIN JA, HREN D, DELIMAR D, PECINA M. Traumatic and overuse injuries among international elite junior rowers. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2009; 37(6):1193-1199.

TAYLOR TL, FRANKOVICH R, RUMBALL J. Bilateral traumatic medial meniscal tears in a 17-year-old rower. BMJ case reports, 2009.

TEITZ CC, O' KANE J, LIND BK, HANNAFIN JA. Back pain in intercollegiate rowers. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002; 30(5):674-679.

WILSON F, GISSANE C, GORMLEY J, SIMMS C. A 12-month prospective cohort study of injury in international rowers. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 44(3):207-214.

WINZEN M, VOIGT HF, HINRICHS T, PLATEN P. Injuries of the musculoskeletal system in German elite rowers. Sportverletzung-Sportschaden. 2011; 25(3):153-158.


Copyright (c) 2012 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.