Opinions about judo athletes' image
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate opinions of persons who are involved with judo about judo athletes’ personality. METHODS: For this purpose 132 coaches, athletes, students of Department of Physical Education and Sport Science (DEPESS) and students of military school answered to a 35-item questionnaire describing their image towards judo athletes, in regard to social, volition, active, physical and emotional nature. RESULTS: statistical analysis showed that all the groups rated from the average, to somewhat strong and, also, to strong, while coaches rated higher to the most items. More specifically, one way ANOVA revealed significant differences, with coaches rating significantly higher, in the items of “being healthy” in physical nature (F=2.85, p<0.05), in items “having proper manner” and “being sincere” in social nature, (F=3.41, p<0.05 and F=3.09, p<0.05 respectively), “being positive” in active nature (F=3.95, p<0.05). Also in the items “being mild” (F=3.04, p<0.05), “being cheerful” (F=3.60, p<0.05) and “being carefree” (F=2.98, p<0.05) in emotional nature. Moreover, students of military school rating significantly higher in the item of “being cautious” in active nature (F=2.51, p<0.05) and in the item of “having power of concentration” in active nature both students of military school and of DEPESS rating significantly higher (F=5.66, p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The high rating in the most items might be due to the nature of the attitudes provided and cultured during the judo lessons, practice time and matches. Moreover, the differences between the groups for the coaches group might be observed because they have the most real image for judo athletes.
BROWN DR, WANG Y, WARD A, EBBELING CB, FORTLAGE L, PULEO E, BENSON H, RIPPE JM. Chronic psychological effects of exercise and exercise plus cognitive strategies. Med Sci Sport Exer. 1995; 27(5): 765-775. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199505000-00021
COX RH. Sport psychology: concepts and applications (2nd ed.). Dubuque: Brown & Benchmark, 1994.
DANEILS K, THORNTON EW. Analysis of the relationship between hostility and training in the martial arts. J Sport Sci. 1990; 8(2): 95-101. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640419008732137
DEGOUTTE F, JOUANEL P, FILAIRE E. Energy demands during a judo match and recovery. Brit J Sport Med. 2003; 37(3): 245-249. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.37.3.245
Dobosz R, Beaty L. The relationship between athletic participation and high-school student's leadership ability. Adolescence. 1999; 34: 215-220.
FALK B, MOR G. The Effects of Resistance and Martial Arts Training in 6- to 8-Year-Old Boys. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 1996; 8: 48-56. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.8.1.48
FINKENBERG ME. Effect of participation in tae kwon do on college women's self-concept. Percept Motor Skill. 1990; 71: 891-894. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1922.214.171.1241
Frachini E, Takito M, Romulo C, Beruzzi M. Morphological, physiological, technical variables in high college judoists. Archives of Budo. 2005; 1: 1-7.
GLESER JM, BROWN P. Modified judo for visually handicapped people. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness. 1986; 80(5): 749-750.
GLESER JM, LISON S. Judo as therapy for emotionally disturbed adolescents: A pilot study. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health. 1986; 2(1): 63-72.
HERNANDEZ-ARDIETA IP, LOPEZ JC, DOLORES M, RUIZ EJG. Personalidad, diferencias individuales y ejecución deportiva. In Zafra A, Ruiz HJ, García GN, Manual de psicología del deporte. Murcia: DM. 2002:105-123.
Jagiello W, Dornowski M. Martial arts in the opinions of students at the Faculty of Physical Education. Archives of Budo. 2011; 7(2): 55-59.
LAMARRE BW, NOSANCHUK TA. Judo-the gentle way: a replication of studies on martial arts and aggression. Percept Motor Skill. 1999; 88: 992-996. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.19126.96.36.1992
LITTLE NG. Physical performance attributes of Junior and senior women, Juvenile, Junior and senior men judokas. J Sport Med Phys Fit. 1991; 31: 510-520.
Litwiniuk A, Daniluk A, Cynarski W, Jespersen E. Structure of personality of person training ju-jitsu and wrestling. Archives of Budo. 2009; 5: 139-141.
Lotfian S, Ziaee H, Amini H, MANSOURNIA MA. An Analysis of Anger in Adolescent Girls Who Practice the Martial Arts. International Journal of Pediatrics. 2011: 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/630604
MADDEN ME. Perceived vulnerability and control of martial arts and Physical Fitness Students. Percept Motor Skill. 1995; 80: 899-910. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.19188.8.131.529
Matsumoto D, Konno J. The relationship between adolescents' participation in judo, quality of life, and life satisfaction. Research Journal of Budo. (In Japanese). 2005; 38(1): 13-26.
Matsumoto D, Takeuchi M, Biehl M, Kimura K, Nakajima T. Stress coping in American judo athletes. Budogaku Kenkyu. 1997; 30(1): 1-13.
Matsumoto D, Takeuchi M, Nakajima T, Iida E. Competition anxiety, self-confidence, personality, and competition performance of American elite and non-elite judo athletes. Budogaku Kenkyu. 2000; 32(3): 12-21.
Matsumoto D, Takeuchi M, Ray R, Nakajima T, Iida E, Wakayama H. The relationship between psychological characteristics, physical fitness, and physiology in judo athletes. Research Journal of Budo. 2001; 33(3): 1-11.
Matsumoto Y, Hosokawa K, Kudo N, Daigo T, Sato T, Iida E, Matsushita S, Tezuka M, Ogata T, Komata K. A survey of the measures for the judo dissemination. Bulletin of the Association for the Scientific Studies on Judo. Kodokan, Report. 1984; 6: 35-54.
MILLER R. Effects of sports instruction in children self-concept. Percept Motor Skill. 1989; 68:239-242. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.19184.108.40.206
NOSANCHUK TA, MACNEIL MLC. Examination of the effects of traditional and modern martial arts training on aggressiveness. Aggressive Behav. 1989; 15(2): 153-159. https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-2337(1989)15:2<153::AID-AB2480150203>3.0.CO;2-V
NOSANCHUK TA. The way of the warrior: modern Martial Arts. Hum Relat. 1981; 34: 435-444. https://doi.org/10.1177/001872678103400601
Ogata T, Soeda T. The research of regarding the consciousness of judo-with special references to Junior High School students. Ibaraki University Education Department Bulletin (Education Division). 1979; 28: 35-56.
Pyecha J. Comparative effects of judo and selected physical education activities on male University freshman personality traits. Research Quarterly. 1970; 41: 425-431.
REYNES E, LORANT J. Effect of traditional judo training on aggressiveness among young boys. Percept Motor Skill. 2002; 94(1): 21-25. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.2002.94.1.21
SKELTON DL, GLYNN MA, BERTA SM. Aggressive behavior as a function of Taekwondo ranking. Percept Motor Skill. 1991; 72(1): 179-182. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.19220.127.116.11
SPEAR RK. Military physical and psychological conditioning: Comparisons of four physical training systems. Journal of the International Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation. 1989; 25: 30-32.
THE UNITED STATES JUDO FEDERATION DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE. The Psychological and Behavioural Effects of Judo. United States Judo Federation. 2004; 1-12.
Tsuruhara K, Watanabe A, Nakagawa A, Araki M. Some problem of terminology in the field of motor learning. Journal of Sports Psychology. 1981; 8: 49-55.
ZAGGELIDIS G, MAVROVOUNIOTIS F, ARGIRIADOU E, ZAGGELIDOU E. The examination of attitudes toward judo in Greek Athletes. Journal of physical education and sport. 2009; 22(1): 30-34.
ZETARUK MN, VIOLAN MA, ZURAKOWSKI D, MICHELI LJ. Injuries in martial arts: a comparison of five styles. Brit J Sport Med. 2005; 39: 29-33. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2003.010322
Zivin G, HASSAN NR, DEPAULA GF, MONTI DA, HARLAN C, HOSSAIN KD, PATTERSON K. An effective approach to violence prevention: traditional martial arts in middle school. Adolescence. 2001; 36(143): 443-459.