A comparison of the effect of two different judging systems on the technique selection of Muay Thai competitors
Keywords:Notational analysis, Judging, Muay Thai, Technique selection
Growing internationalisation of the sport of Muay Thai has prompted a debate on which judging system should be implemented internationally; a western system very similar to boxing (used pre-2005 in the UK) or the system used in Thailand, the country of origin. This paper examined the possible impact on athlete performance of these two different judging systems. Notational analysis was conducted on fights involving competitors who have been judged exclusively using the pre 2005 UK judging system (N=16), and on fighters exclusively judged using the Thai judging system (N=16), to determine if these judging systems produced quantifiably different performances. Statistically significant differences were found between the groups. A Friedman’s ANOVA suggested that competitors judged using the Thai system were homogeneous in their technique selection using a similar pattern of techniques (p=0.14589), but that the competitors judged by the UK system were not (p=0.00277). Chi squared analysis suggested statistically differences across a range of variables including attacking techniques, defensive techniques, distancing, balance and effect. Fighters judged using the Thai system used more attacking and defensive techniques (p<0.001), had better distancing (p<0.001), balance (p<0.001), and a greater effect of their techniques (p<0.001). The study concluded that the judging system employed does have an impact on the performance given the differences found reflected different aspects of the judging criteria applied. In addition, the study found that the Thai judging system seemed to encourage competitors to use a greater number of more visually spectacular and effective techniques and as such may be more entertaining for spectators. Future research recommended included reanalysing fighters judged post 2005 in the UK where a system very similar to the Thai judging system has been implemented, along with the use of purposely-recorded footage.
BLEDSOE, G. H. (2009). Mixed Martial Arts in Kordi, R. Maffulli,N. (eds.) Combat Sports Med, 323-329. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84800-354-5_18
Blomqvist, M., Luhtanen, P. and Laakso, L. (1998) Validation of a Notational Analysis system for Badminton. J Hum Movement Stud. 35, 137-150.
Brown, A (2011) The Fight for it All, Seidman Bus Rev,17: 1, 22-23 http://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/sbr/vol17/iss1/10>
De Cesaris, M. (1999). Lezioni Di Muay Thai: Thai Boxing. Milano: De Vecchi Editore.
Doggart, L., Keane, S., Reilly, T. and Stanhope, J. (1993). A task analysis of Gaelic football. In Science and Football II (edited by T. Reilly, J. Clarys and A. Stibbe). London: E & FN Spon. pp. 186-189
FRANKS, I. M. & GOODMAN, D. (1986). A systematic approach to analyzing sports performance.. J Sport Sci. 4, 49-59. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640418608732098
FREY J. H. & EITZEN, D. S. (1991). Sport and Society. Annual Review of Sociology, 17, 503-522. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.17.080191.002443
GIATSIS, G. (2003). The effect of changing the rules on score fluctuation and match duration in the FIVB women's beach volleyball. Int J Per Anal. 3,2, 57-64. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2003.11868275
HAMMOND, J. HOSKING D. & HOLE, C. (1999). An exploratory study of the effectiveness of rule changes in netball. Communications to the Fourth International Conference on Sport, Leisure and Ergonomics, J Sports Sci. 17,11, 905-929
Harinck, T. (1988). Muay Thai or Thai Boxing. Eindhoven: Nikko Toshogu Press
Hughes, M.D. and Franks, I.M. (1997). Notational Analysis of Sport. London: E. & F.N. Spon
Hughes, M., Hughes, M.T. and Behan, H. (2007). The evolution of computerised notational analysis through the example of racket sports. Int J Sport Sci Eng.1, 3-28.
LAAK, T. (2007). Is The New International Judging System Wrecking Our Sport? http://skatecoach.wordpress.com/2007/09/19/is-the-new-international-judging-system-wrecking-our-sport/>
Liddle, D. & O'Donoghue, P. (1998). Notational analysis of rallies in European circuit badminton. In Lees. A. (ed). Science and Racket Sports 2. Taylor & Francis.
MYERS, T. D. (2000). Judging a Thai Boxing Contest. United Kingdom Muay Thai Magazine, 35-38.
MYERS, T.D (2002). Muay Thai: How is the sport judged in Thailand? United Kingdom Muay Thai Magazine, 13-15.
MYERS, T.D (2009). How to score a Muay Thai fight. Muay Thai Phuket magazine. 7. 1-4. http://www.jamesgoyder.com/muaythai/issue_seven.pdf>
MYERS, T. D., NEVILL, A. M., & AL-NAKEEB, Y. (2010). An Examination of Judging Consistency in a Combat Sport. J Quant Anal Sport. 6, 3, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.2202/1559-0410.1178
NEVILL A, M., ATKINSON G, & HUGHES M, (2008). Twenty-five years of sport performance research in the Journal of Sports Science. J Sport Sci. 26, 413-42. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410701714589
RUANGSA, Y. (1972) Textbook of Muay Thai. Thonburi: Charernkij Printing.
SAENGSAWANG, P. (1979). The Development of Muay Thai. [M.A. Thesis]. Thailand: Chulalongthorn University.
STICKITMEDIA (2008). Men's gymnastics. New Olympic Gymnastics Scoring and Judging: Discussion. http://www.stickitmedia.com/new-olympic-gymnastics-scoring-and-judging-discussion/>
Thienvibul, C. (1977). Muay Thai. Bangkok: Suksasamphan Printing.
Thomas, J.R., Nelson, J. and Silverman, S. (2011). Research methods in physical activity. (6th ed). Champaigne IL: Human Kinetics.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2013 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.