Athlete burnout and motivational dynamics: A multiple case follow-up study among elite BMX riders

Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur, Emma Guillet-Descas

Abstract

Aim of the study: The objectiveof the current study was toidentify the motivational dynamics and the changes in thelevels of burnout experiencedamong elite BMX riders during acompetitive season.Methods: Data were collected each week during 32weeks, among three BMX riders from an elite training structure.  Paired sample t-tests were used to compare the meansof each training phase two by two for each rider.  Cohen’s deffect sizes were calculated to determine if changes noted between phases weremeaningful for the data.Findings: The results of the current studyreinforced the hypothesis that burnout is (a) a process that develops over time(Dale & Weinberg, 1990), (b) a multidimensional syndrome (Raedeke &Smith, 2001) and ( c) a process with inter-individual differences (Dale &Weinberg, 1990).

Keywords

Emotional and physical exhaustion; Intrinsic motivation; Reduced sense of accomplishment; Sport devaluation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2014.91.04