Energy requirements in top-level danceSport athletes


  • Andrea Zanchini University of Bologna, Italy
  • Marco Malaguti University of Bologna, Italy



Latin-American dancing, Ballroom dancing, Energy expenditure, Training energy expenditure


Dancesport is a sport of recent history: recognition by the IOC as Olimpic discipline came in 1997. Scientific literature on this new sport is almost nonexistent. The purpose of this study is for define the energy expenditure and the intensity of the two main dancesport disciplines (latin-american and standard dances) in top-level athletes and verify characteristics and differences of these two dance genres. Twenty dancers, 10 male and 10 female (10 couples,), aged between 19 and 31 years, have been enrolled in this study. 5 couples were latin-american dancers while 5 couples standard dancers. Athletes were asked to wear a metabolic holter (Sensewear Armband)for 25 hours and to perform a training session and a simulated competition to record BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate), DEE (Daily Energy Expenditure), TEE (Training Energy Expenditure), MET (Metabolic Equivalent) and PAL (Physical Activity Level). Statistical analysis reveals no differences between the two dance disciplines, our results suggest that dancesport is a moderate/heavy activity that requires a strong energy expenditure. Athletes involved in continuous training programs show a vigorous Physical Activity Level.


Download data is not yet available.


Ainsworth, B. E, Basset, D.R, Emplaincourt, P. O, Haskell, W. L, Irwin, M. L, Jacobs, D. R, Leon, A. S, O'Brien, W.L, Schmitz, K.H, Strath, S. J, Swartz, A. M, Whitt, M. C. Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities. Med Sci Sport Exer 32: 498-516, 2000.

Ainsworth, B.E, Haskell, W. L, Jacobs, J.R, Leon, A. S, Montoye, H. J, Paffenbarger, R. S, Sallis, J. F. Compendium of physical activities: classification of energy costs of human physical activities. Med Sci Sport Exer 25: 71-80, 1993.

Brazeau, A. S, Karelis, A. D, Lacroix, M. J, Mignault, D, Prud'homme, D, Rabasa-Lhoret, R. Accuracy of the SenseWear Armband™ during ergocycling. Int J Sports Med 32: 761-764, 2011.

Bria, S, Bianco, M, Faina, M, Galvani, C, Palmieri, V, Zeppilli, P. Physiological characteristics of elite sport-dancers. J Sport Med Phys Fit 51: 194-203, 2011.

Bettini, R, Caselli, G, D'Andrea, L, Delise, P, Giada, F, Guiducci, U, Notaristefano, A, Pelliccia, A, Penco, M, Proto, C, Spataro, A, Thiene, G, Villella, A, Zeppilli, P. Cardiological guidelines for competitive sports eligibility. Italian Heart Journal 6: 661-702, 2005.

FAO/WHO/UNU. Human energy requirements: Principles and Definitions. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. Available online at (accessed 26 November 2011).

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2004. Retrieved 15 October 2009. Available online at (accessed 26 November 2011).

IADMS (2003) Clarkson, P. and IADMS Education Committee. Nutrition Fact Sheet: Fueling the Dancer. Retrieved from (accessed 26 November 2011).

Athanasios, J, Koutedakis,Y. The dancer as a performing atlete. Sports Med 10: 651-661, 2004.

Arkouche, W, Cleaud, C, Deleaval, P, Fouque, D, Jolivot, A, Mafra, D, Perrot, M. J, Rognon, S, Teta, D, Thevenet, M. New measurements of energy expenditure and physical activity in chronic kidney disease. Journal of Renal Nutrition 19:16-9, 2009.

Koutedakis, Y, Twitchett, E.A, Wyon, M.A. Physiologic fitness and professional classical ballet performance: a brief review. J Strenght Cond Res 23: 2732–2740, 2009.



Statistics RUA



How to Cite

Zanchini, A., & Malaguti, M. (2014). Energy requirements in top-level danceSport athletes. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 9(1), 148–156.



Sport Medicine, Nutrition & Health

Most read articles by the same author(s)