Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

A systemic overview of football game: The principles behind the game

Filipe Manuel Clemente, Fernando Manuel Lourenço Martins, Rui Sousa Mendes, António José Figueiredo



The football game is a specific systemconstituted by many players’ interactions. The specific nature of such sportmust be properly analyzed and discussed in sport community in order tounderstand the principles that rules the system organization. As a team sportwith specific properties it is truly important to discuss how players’interactions from the dynamic nature of game. Therefore, the aim of this studyis to classify the football game as a team sport and to discuss their specificdynamic that determines the emergence of a tactical behavior and a strategicdefinition. Such discussion can be important to determine the specificpedagogical and didactical contents to teach at youth football training andeven in Physical Education classes.


Football; Systems; Principles of play; Pedagogy


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