Effect of plyometric training on athletic performance in preadolescent soccer players
Keywords:Plyometric, Jump, Sprint, Performance, Preadolescent
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of plyometric training on performance of preadolescent soccer players. 21 players assigned to two groups: jumping-group (JG, n = 11) and control-group (CG, n = 10). Training program was performed for 10 weeks. Anaerobic power performances were assessed by using standing long jump (SLJ), 10 m and 30 m sprint. In the JG the performance at the long jump was increased significantly (P = 0.031). Also the performance of JG increased at 30m sprint running by 7.2 % (P < 0.001). None of the variables tested in the CG demonstrated difference between the pre-test and the post-test. Our results indicate that plyometric training can improve running performance at 30 m sprint and the performance at standing long jump in preadolescent soccer players.
Chatzinikolaou A, Fatouros IG, Gourgoulis V, Avloniti A, Jamurtas AZ, Nikolaidis MG, Douroudos II, Michailidis Y, Beneka A, Malliou P, Tofas T, Georgiadis I, Taxildaris K. Time course of responses in performance and inflammatory responses following acute plyometric exercise. J Strength Cond Res 2010; 24: Chimera NJ, Swanik KA, Swanik CB, Straub SJ. Effects of plyometric training on muscle-activation strategies and performance in female athletes. J Athl Train 2004; 39 (1): 24-31.
Christou M, Smilios I, Sotiropoulos K, Volaklis K, Pilianidis T, Tokmakidis SP. Effects of resistance training on the physical capacities of adolescent soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 2006; 20(4):783-791.
Diallo O, Dore E, Duche P, Van Praagh E. Effects of plyometric training followed by a reduced training programme on physical performance in prepubescent soccer players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2001; 41(3):342-348.
Dodd DJ, Alvar BA. Analysis of acute explosive training modalities to improve lower-body powerin baseball players. J Strength Cond Res 2007; 21 (4): 1177-1182. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-21306.1
Faigenbaum AD, Kraemer WJ, Blimkie CJ, Jeffreys I, Micheli LJ, Nitka M, et al. Youth resistance training: updated position statement paper from the national strength and conditioning association. J Strength Cond Res 2009;23(5):S60-S79. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31819df407
Faigenbaum AD, Yap CW. Are plyometrics safe for children? Strength Cond J 2000; 22: 45–46. https://doi.org/10.1519/1533-4295(2000)022<0045:APSFC>2.0.CO;2
Fatouros IG, Jamourtas Z, Leontsini D, Taxildaris K, Aggelousis N, Kostopoulos, N, et al. Evaluation of plyometric exercise training, weight training, and their combination on vertical jumping performance and leg strength. J Strength Cond Res 2000; 14:470-476.
Fatouros IG, Jamurtas AZ, Leontsini D, Marinos S, Kostopoulos N, Buckenmeyer PJ. Evaluation of plyometric exercise training, weight training, and their combination on vertical jumping performance and leg strength. J Strength Cond Res 2000; 14: 470–476.
Ford JR, Puckett JP, Drummond K, Sawyer K, Knatt K, Fussel C. Effects of three combinations of plyometric and weight training programs on selected physical fitness test items. Percept Mot Skills 1983; 56:59-61. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.19188.8.131.529
Fry AC, Kraemer WJ, Weserman CA. The effects of an off-season and conditioning program on starters and non-starters in women's intercollegiate volleyball. J Appl Sport Sci Res 1991; 5:174-181. https://doi.org/10.1519/1533-4287(1991)005<0174:TEOAOS>2.3.CO;2
Gheri DJ, Ricard MD, Kleiner DM, Kirkendall DT. A comparison of plyometric training techniques for improving vertical jump ability and energy production. J Strength Cond Res 1998; 12: 85–89.
Herrero JA, Izquierdo M, Maffiuletti NA, García-López J. Electromyostimulation and plyometric training effects on jumping and sprint time. Int J Sports Med 2006; 27 (7): 533-539. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-865845
Hortobagyi T, Sio A, Fodor T, Merkely B. Effects of targeted skill development and plyometric conditioning on long jump performance in 16-year-old boys. J Hum Movement Stud 1991; 21 (1): 1-17.
Ingle L, Sleap M, Tolfrey K. The effect of a complex training and detraining programme on selected strength and power variables in early pubertal boys. J Sports Sci 2006; 24: 987–997. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410500457117
Jamurtas AZ, Fatouros IG, Buckenmeyer PJ, Kokkinidis E, Taxildaris K, Kambas A, Kyriazis G. Effects of plyometric exercise on muscle soreness and creatine kinase levels and its comparison to eccentric and concentric exercise. J Strength Cond Res 2000; 14: 68–74.
Kotzamanidis C. Effect of plyometric training on running performance and vertical jumping in prepubertal boys. J Strength Cond Res 2006; 20(2):441-445.
Kubo K, Morimoto M, Komuro T, Yata H, Tsunoda N, Kanehisa H, et al. Effects of plyometric and weight training onmuscle-tendon complex and jump performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007; 39 (10): 1801-1810. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0b013e31813e630a
Lehance C, Croisier JL, Bury T. Optojump system efficiency in the assessment of lower limbs explosive strength. Sci Sports 2005; 20 (3): 131-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scispo.2005.01.001
Lehance C, Reiffers I, Bury T. Benefits of strength and plyometric trainings on athletic performances in preadolescent soccer players. Br J Sports Med 2006; 40:89–94.
Manolopoulos E, Papadopoulos C, Salonikidis K, Katartzi E, Poluha, S. Strength training effects on physical conditioning and instep kick kinematics in young amateur soccer players during preseason. Percept Mot Skills 2004; 99: 701–710. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.99.2.701-710
Markovic G, Jukic I, Milanovic D, Metikos D. Effects of sprint and plyometric training on muscle function and athletic performance. J Strength Cond Res 2007; 21 (2): 543-549.
Markovic G, Mikulic P. Neuro-Musculoskeletal and Performance Adaptations to Lower-Extremity Plyometric Training. Sports Med 2010; 40(10):859-896. https://doi.org/10.2165/11318370-000000000-00000
Mero A, Jaakkola L, Komi PV. Relationships between muscle fiber characteristics and physical performance capacity in trained athletic boys. J Sports Sci 1991; 9: 161–171. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640419108729877
Meylan C, Malatesta D. Effects of in-season plyometric training within soccer practice on explosive actions of young players. J Strength Cond Res 2009; 23: 2605–2613. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b1f330
Michailidis Y, Fatouros IG, Primpa E, Michailidis C, Avloniti A, Chatzinikolaou A, et al. Plyometrics' trainability in preadolescent soccer athletes. J Strength Cond Res 2013; 27(1): 38-49. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182541ec6
Paavolainen L, Hakkinen K, Hamalainen I, Nummela A, Rusko R. Explosive- strength training improves 5-km running time by improving running economy and muscle power. J Appl Physiol 1999; 86 (5): 1527-1533. https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.19184.108.40.2067
Rimmer E, Sleivert G. Effects of a plyometrics intervention program on sprint performance. J Strength Cond Res 2000; 14: 295–301.
Rimmer E, Sleivert G. Effects of a plyometrics intervention program on sprint performance. J Strength Cond Res 2000; 14 (3): 295-301.
Robinson LE, Devor ST, Merrick MA, Buckworth J. The effects of land vs. aquatic plyometrics on power, torque, velocity, and muscle soreness in women. J Strength Cond Res 2004; 18 (1): 84-91.
Sale DG. Neural adaptation to strength training. In:Komi PV, editor. Strength and power in sport. London: Blackwell Scientific, 1992; 249-266.
Saunders PU, Telford RD, Pyne DB, Peltola EM, Cunningham RB, Gore CJ, et al. Short-term plyometric training improves running economy in highly trained middle and long distance runners. J Strength Cond Res 2006; 20 (4): 947-954.
Spurrs RW, Murphy AJ, Watsford ML. The effect of plyometric training on distance running performance. Eur J Appl Physiol 2003; 89 (1): 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-002-0741-y
Tanner JM. Growth at adolescence. Great Britain: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1962.
Tofas T, Jamurtas AZ, Fatouros I, Koutedakis Y, Sinouris EA, Papageorgakopoulou N, Theocharis DA. The effects of plyometric exercise on muscle performance, muscle damage and collagen breakdown. J Strength Cond Res 2008; 22: 490–496. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816605a0
Tricoli V, Lamas L, Carnevale R, Ugrinowitsch C. Short-term effects on lower-body functional power development: weightlifting vs. vertical jump training programs. J Strength Cond Res 2005; 19 (2): 433-437. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-14083.1
Wagner DR, Kocak S. A multivariate approach to assessing anaerobic power following a plyometric training program. J Strength Cond Res 1997; 11 (4): 251-255.
Wilson GJ, Murphy AJ, Giorgi A. Weight and plyometric training: effects on eccentric and concentric force production. Can J Appl Physiol 1996; 21 (4): 301-315. https://doi.org/10.1139/h96-026
Witzke KA, Snow CM. Effects of plyometric jump training on bone mass in adolescent girls. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000; 32: 1051–1057. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200006000-00003
Young WB, Wilson GL, Byrne C. A comparison of drop jump training methods: Effects on leg extensor strength qualities and jumping performance. Int J Sports Med 1999; 20:295-303. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-971134
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.