Muscular performance adaptations to short-term plyometric training on sand: Influence of interday rest
The aim of the current investigation was to determine the effects of short-term plyometric depth jump training on sand interposed with 48 hours or 72 hours of rest between training sessions on power type muscular adaptations in recreationally physical active men. Fifteen collegiate physical active men, who were familiar with plyometric exercise, participated in this study and were randomly divided into 2 groups: plyometric training with 48 h (PT48, N=7) and 72 h (PT72, N=8) of rest between training sessions. Pre and post training on sand, participants were measured in vertical jump (VJ), standing long jump (SLJ), agility t Test (TT), 20 and 40 m sprints, and one repetition maximum leg press (1RMLP). The plyometric training program on sand was applied during 6 weeks, 2 sessions per week, with 5 sets of 20 repetitions depth jump exercise from 45 cm box height. After completing 6 weeks training period, the PT48 and PT72 groups showed significant improvement in all performance tests (p<0.05), with statistically significant differences between treatments in TT and 40 m sprint time. With regard to significant differences in TT and 40 m sprint for PT72 compared with PT48 and greater improvements for PT72 in all tests, it can be recommend that coaches, strength and conditioning professionals apply 72 h rest between plyometric training sessions when sand surface was used.
Adams, K., O'shea, J., O'shea, K., & Climstein, M. (1992). The effects of six weeks of squat, plyometric and squat-plyometric training on power development. Journal of Applied Sports Sciences Research, 6(1), pp.36-41.
Arazi, H., & Asadi, A. (2011). The effect of aquatic and land plyometric training on strength, sprint, and balance in young basketball players. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 6(1), pp.101-111. https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2011.61.12
Arazi, H., Coetzee, B., & Asadi, A. (2012). Comparative effect of land and aquatic based plyometric training on jumping ability and agility of young basketball players. South African Journal of Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 34(2), pp.1-14.
Asadi, A., & Arazi, H. (2012). Effects of high-intensity plyometric training on dynamic balance, agility, vertical jump and sprint performance in young male basketball players. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 4(1), pp.34-44.
Baechle, T.R., & Earle, R.W. (2000). Essentials of strength training and conditioning (2nd ed). Champaign, IL: National Strength and Conditioning Association.
Bishop, D.A. (2003). Comparison between land and sand based tests for beach volleyball assessment. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 43(4), pp.418-423.
Chu, D.A. (1998). Jumping Into Plyometrics. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Diallo, O., Dore, E., Duche, P., & Van Praagh, E. (2001). Effects of plyometric training followed by a reduced training programme on physical performance in prepubescent soccer players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 41(3), pp.342-348.
Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A.G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: a flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioural and biomedical sciences. Behavioral Research Methods, 39(2), pp.175-191. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03193146
Gehri, D.J., Ricard, M.D., Kleiner, D.M., & Kirkendall, D.T. (1998). A comparison of plyometric training techniques for improving vertical jump ability and energy production. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 12(2), pp.85-89.
Giatsis, G., Kollias, I., Panoutsakopoulos, V., & Papaiakovou, G. (2004). Biomechanical differences in elite beach volleyball players in vertical squat jump on rigid and sand surface. Sports Biomechanics, 3(1), pp.145-158. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763140408522835
Herrero, J.A., Izquierdo, M., Maffiuletti, N.A., & Garcia-Lopez, J. (2005). Electromyostimulation and plyomeric training effects on jumping and sprint time. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(7), pp.533-539. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-865845
Impellizzeri, F.M., Rampinini, E., Castagna, C., Martino, F., Fiorini, S., & Wisloff, U. (2008). Effect of plyometric training on sand versus grass on muscle soreness and jumping and sprinting ability in soccer players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(1), pp.42-46. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2007.038497
Markovic, G., Jukic, I., Milanovic, D., & Metikos, D. (2007). Effects of sprint and plyometric training on muscle function and athletic performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(2), pp.543-549.
Markovic, G., & Mikulic, P. (2010). Neuro-musculoskeletal and performance adaptations to lower-extremity plyometric training. Sports Medicine, 40(10), pp.859-895. https://doi.org/10.2165/11318370-000000000-00000
Mcclenton, L., Brown, L.E., Coburn, J.W., & Kersey, R.D. (2008). The effect of short term vertimax vs. depth jump training on vertical jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(2), pp.321-25. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181639f8f
Miller, M.G., Herniman, T.J., Ricard, M.D., Cheatham, C.C., & Michael, T.J. (2006). The effects of a 6-week plyometric training program on agility. Journal of Sport Science and Medicine, 5(3), pp.459-465.
Mirzaei, B., Norasteh, A.A., & Asadi, A. (2013). Neuromuscular adaptation to plyometric training: depth jump versus countermovement jump on sand. Sport Sciences for Health, 9(3), pp.145-149. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-013-0161-x
Miyama, M., & Nosaka, K. (2004). Influence of surface on muscle damage and soreness induced by consecutive drop jumps. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(2), pp.206-211.
Ramírez-Campillo, R., Meylan, M.P., Álvarez-Lepín, C., Henriquez-Olguín, C., Martinez, C., Andrade, D.C., Castro-Sepúlveda, M.B., Baez, E., & Izquierdo, M. (2013). The effects of interday rest on adaptation to 6-weeks of plyometric training in young soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(4), pp.972-979. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000283
Rimmer, E., & Sleveret, G. (2000). Effects of a plyometric intervention program on sprint performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 14(3), pp.295-301.
Saez-Saez De Villarreal, E., Kells, E., Kraemer, W.J., & Izquierdo, M. (2009). Determining variables of plyometric training for improving vertical jump height performance: A meta- analysis. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(2), pp.495-506. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318196b7c6
Saez-Saez De Villarreal, E., Requena, B., & Cronin, J.B. (2012). The effects of plyometric training on sprint performance. A meta-analysis. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(2), pp.575-584. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318220fd03
Saez-Saez De Villarreal, E., Requena, B., & Newton, R.U. (2010). Does plyometric training improve strength performance? A meta analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(5), pp.513-522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2009.08.005
Saez-Saez De Villarreal, E., Gonzalez-Badillo, J.J., & Izquierdo, M. (2008). Low and moderate plyometric training frequency produce greater jumping and sprinting gains compared with high frequency. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(3), pp.715-725. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318163eade
Thomas, K., French, D., & Philip, P.R. (2009). The effect of two plyometric training techniques on muscular power and agility in youth soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(1), pp.332-335. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318183a01a
Wathen, D. (1993). Literature review: explosive plyometric exercises. N.S.C.A. Journal, 15(3), pp.10-15.
Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.