Validity and reliability of an incremental double poling protocol in cross-country skiers


  • Andrew Govus Edith Cowan University, Australia
  • Finn Marsland Ski & Snowboard Australia, Australia
  • David Martin Australian Institute of Sport, Australia
  • Dale Chapman Australian Institute of Sport, Australia



Maximal oxygen consumption, Ski-Ergometer, Exercise testing


This study determined the validity and reliability of an incremental double poling protocol performed on a Concept II ski-ergometer and validated this against an existing treadmill ski-striding protocol. Ten well-trained male cross-country skiers (age: 19 ± 1.4 y; height: 182 ± 72 cm; body mass: 76.0 ± 10.8 kg, whole body VO2Peak: 5.2 ± 1.0 L.min-1; upper body VO2Peak: 4.6 ± 1.0 L.min-1; upper body:lower body ratio: 87.2 ± 5.6%) performed four VO2Peak tests; one treadmill ski-striding test and three double poling ski-ergometer tests over five days. Test-retest reliability of the ski-ergometer protocol was determined for maximal oxygen consumption (VO2peak). The ski-ergometer test showed excellent reliability for VO2Peak (L.min-1) (coefficient of variation [CV] = 1.9%, 95% confidence limit [95% CL] [1.2, 4.7]; r = 1.00, [0.96, 1.00]) and UBPPeak (W) (CV = 1.4%, [0.9, 3.4]; r = 1.00, [0.97, 1.00]). Very strong correlations existed between the ski-ergometer and the ski-striding protocol for VO2Peak (r = 0.95, [0.76, 0.99]). The upper body ski-ergometer test provided valid and reliable measurements of ski-specific upper body aerobic power in well-trained male cross-country skiers.


Australian Sports Commission Sport Innovation Research Fund


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How to Cite

Govus, A., Marsland, F., Martin, D., & Chapman, D. (2016). Validity and reliability of an incremental double poling protocol in cross-country skiers. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10(3), 827–834.



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