The cream of the crop: Analysing FIFA World Cup 2014 and Germany’s title run
Keywords:Performance analysis, Notational analysis, Offensive indicators, Defensive indicators
Analysis of game related statistics provides opportunities to analyse the characteristics and tactical patterns of the teams in order to improve the quality of the training and quality of the opponent’s observation. The main objective of this study was to analyse performance parameters and characterize the most successful teams on FIFA World Cup 2014, in order to describe the most relevant parameters that can improve the efficacy of the teams. In addition, we analysed the winner of the FIFA World Cup 2014 in more detail to see if and in which ways they stood out within this tournament. Analyses of variance among groups of teams were made in order to characterize the performance parameters and find differences that can explain the efficacy of the teams on competition. The results of this study could show that successful teams score more goals through open play and via set pieces. As main difference, it could be found that successful teams had more high-percentage goal scoring opportunities within the penalty area. As a general pattern, teams attacked mostly on the left side of the pitch and through the middle . The winner of the WC 2014 stood out with a high efficiency for creating high percentage goal scoring opportunities and in converting them. Germany also protruded with their free flowing and accurate passing to create their goal scoring chances. This separation in the passing statistics was quite outstanding as there was no overall difference between different success groups within the tournament.
Akritas, M. G., & Papadatos, N. (2004). Heteroscedastic One-Way ANOVA and Lack-of-Fit Tests. Journal of the American Statistical Association, pp. 368–382. https://doi.org/10.1198/016214504000000412
Carling, C., Williams, A. M., & Reilly, T. (2005). Handbook of soccer match analysis: A systematic approach to improving performance. London, New York: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203448625
Clemente, F. M. (2012). Study of Successful Teams on FIFA World Cup 2010 through Notational Analysis. Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences, 3(3), 90–103. Retrieved from http://psbd.pau.edu.tr/index.php/pjss/article/view/112
Collet, C. (2013). The possession game? A comparative analysis of ball retention and team success in European and international football, 2007–2010. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(2), 123–136. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.727455
Delgado-Bordonau, J. L., Domenech-Monforte, C., Guzmán, J. F., & Méndez-Villanueva, A. (2013). Offensive and defensive team performance: relation to successful and unsuccessful participation in the 2010 Soccer World Cup. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 8(4), 894–904. https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2013.84.02
Hughes, M., & Franks, I. (2005). Analysis of passing sequences, shots and goals in soccer. Journal of sports sciences, 23(5), 509–514. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410410001716779
Kempe, M., Vogelbein, M., Memmert, D., & Stephan Nopp. (2014). Possession vs. Direct Play: Evaluating Tactical Behavior in Elite Soccer. International Journal of Sports Science, 4(6A), 35–41.
Lago-Penas, C., Lago-Ballesteros, J., Dellal, A., & Gomez, M. (2010). Game-Related Statistics that Discriminated Winning, Drawing and Losing Teams from the Spanish Soccer League. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 9(2), 288–293.
Lago-Pe-as, C., Lago-Ballesteros, J., & Rey, E. (2011). Differences in performance indicators between winning and losing teams in the UEFA Champions League. Journal of Human Kinetics, 27(-1). https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-011-0011-3
Mackenzie, R., & Cushion, C. (2013). Performance analysis in football: A critical review and implications for future research. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(6), 639–676. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.746720
Miller, R. (1994). Charting to win. Scholastic coach and athletic director, 1(5), 62–65.
Moura, F. A., Martins, Luiz Eduardo Barreto, & Cunha, S. A. (2014). Analysis of football game-related statistics using multivariate techniques. Journal of sports sciences, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.853130
S. Nopp (2012). Direct vs Possession Play, Successful team tactic parameters in soccer at national and international level. German Sport University (Unpublished)
Sarmento, H., Marcelino, R., Anguera, M. T., Campaniço, J., Matos, N., & Leitão, J. C. (2014). Match analysis in football: a systematic review. Journal of sports sciences, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.898852
Wallace, J. L., & Norton, K. I. (2014). Evolution of World Cup soccer final games 1966-2010: game structure, speed and play patterns. Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia, 17(2), 223–228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.03.016
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.