Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

The effect of task and ego orientation to athletic identity and anti social behavior of students and athletes

Haralabos Kazilas, Ioannis Athanailidis, Evaggelos Bebetsos, Athanasios Laios



The present study examined the affect of task and ego orientation on athletic identity and anti social behavior of students and athletes. A total of 156 students (86 males and 70 females with a mean age of 16,5 years) and 150 athletes (90 males and 60 females with a mean age of 18,5 years) participated at the study. The study was conducted from December 2012 to February 2013 during a basketball school tournament at the premises of Anatolia College for students and during local championships for athletes.  TEOSQ (The Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire) by Nicholls (1989) was used for the assessment of goals, the  A.I.M.S. (Athletic Identity Measurement Scale) by Brewer et al,(1993 ) for athletic identity and the questionnaire by M.Kavussanu (pro-social and antisocial behavior 2006) was used for antisocial behaviour. All questionnaires have been previously used for similar studies in Greece. Results showed that task and ego orientation as well as identity affect antisocial behavior. Differences among athletes and students were observed only on athletic identity, while regarding the two sexes boys showed higher scores on antisocial behavior and aggression in relation to girls.



Task and ego orientation; Antisocial behaviour; Athletic identity


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