Comparison of different flexibility training methods and specific warm-up on repetition maximum volume in lower limb exercises with female jazz dancers
Introduction: Some evidences show that stretching exercises prior to a strength training session can result in decrease of performance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the acute effect of different stretching protocols in the lower limbs using the sum of repetition maximum (RM) performed before a strength training session. Material and methods: The sample consisted of ten female jazz dancers (age: 24.7 ± 7.84 years), with no experience in strength training. Six visits were conducted in which participants were subjected to 10-RM test, 10-RM retest and four different warm-up protocols: specific warm-up, static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation and ballistic stretching. Results: The results obtained in this study showed that in the squat exercise in the Smith machine, the ballistic stretching protocol had a significantly higher volume compared to all other protocols, while the PNF had a significantly higher volume in comparison with the specific warm-up protocol and static stretching protocol (p < 0.05). However, in the leg extension, there were no significant differences in the total volume of maximum repetitions between protocols. Conclusion: Ballistic stretching was the most effective protocol to increase the levels of muscle strength in female jazz dancers.
Jesus CK, Dantas MF. Proposals choreographic jazz dance in the city Porto Alegre. Arq Mov. 2012;8(2):31-43.
Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR, Franklin BA, Lamonte MJ, Lee IM, et al. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011;43(7):1334-59. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e318213fefb
International Association for Dance Medicine and Science, Critchfield B. Stretching for dancers. 2011;1-7.
Schiessl M, Araújo MCA. Effects of different times of stretching on flexibility of ballet dancers. ConScientiae Saúde. 2015;14(3):456-62.
Simões R, Anjos AFP. O ballet clássico e as implicações anatômicas e biomecânicas de sua prática para os pés e tornozelos. Conexões. 2010;8(2):117-32.
Ribeiro MBT, Carvalho MM, Prestes J, Almeida JA, Pereira GB, Pereira ECL, et al. A session of stretching can reduce muscle strength in the lower limb: a randomized study. Brazilian Journal of Exercise Physiology and Prescription. 2016;10(57):104-11.
Fowles, J. R., Sale, D. G., & MacDougall, J. D. (2000). Reduced strength after passive stretch of the human plantarflexors. Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 89(3), 1179–1188.
Kokkonen J, Nelson AG, Cornwall A. Acute muscle stretching inhibits maximal strength performance. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1998;69(4):411-5. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.1998.10607716
Haua R, Paz GA, Maia MD, Lima VP, Cader SA, Dantas EM. The effect of antagonist proprioceptive-3S neuromuscular facilitation on determining the loads of 10RM test. Rev Bras Ciênc Saúde. 2013;11(38):1-7.
Miranda H, Paz GA, Antunes H, Maia MF, Novaes JS. Acute effect of antagonist static stretching on repetition maximum test for agonist muscles. Rev Bras Ciênc Mov. 2014;22(2):19-26.
Paz GA, Leite T, Maia MF, Lima AF, Coelho PP, Simão R, et al. Influence of rest interval between stretching and resistance training. ConScientiae Saúde. 2013;12(3):362-70.
Paulo AC, Ugrinowitsch C, Leite GS, Arsa G, Marchetti PH, Tricoli V. Acute effect of stretching exercises on upper and lower limbs maximum strength and strength endurance performance. Motriz: Rev Educ Fis. 2012;18(2):345-55.
Bradley PS, Olsen PD, Portas MD. The effect of static, ballistic, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching on vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2007;21(1):223-6. https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200702000-00040
Gomes TM, Simão R, Marques MC, Costa PB, Novaes JS. Acute effects of two different stretching methods on local muscular endurance performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(3):745-52. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181cc236a
Miyahara Y, Naito H, Ogura Y, Katamoto S, Aoki J. Effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching and static stretching on maximal voluntary contraction. J Strength Cond Res. 2013;27(1):195-201. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182510856
Simão R, Giacomin MB, Dornelles TS, Marramom MGF, Viveiros LE. Influência do aquecimento específico e da flexibilidade no teste de 1RM. Rev Bras Fisiol Exerc. 2003;2:134-40.
Ferreira MG, Bertor WRR, Carvalho AR, Bertolini GRF. Effects of static, ballistic, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching on vertical jump variables. Sci Med. 2015;25(4):1-5.
Shephard RJ. PAR-Q: Canadian home fitness test and exercise screening alternatives. Sports Med. 1988;5(3):185-95. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-198805030-00005
World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects; 59th WMA General Assembly, Seoul, October 2008.
Paz GA, Maia MF, Lima VP, Oliveira CG, Bezerra E, Simão R, et al. Maximal exercise performance and electromyography responses after antagonist neuromuscular proprioceptive facilitation: a pilot study. J Exerc Physiol Online. 2012;15(6):60-7.
Paz GA, Maia, MF, Santiago FLS, Lima VP, Miranda HL. Effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation and antagonist dynamic pre-activation on maximal isometric force and electromyographic signal. Rev Bras Ciênc Mov. 2013;21(2):71-81.
Santiago FLS, Paz GA, Maia MF, Santos PS, Santos ATL, Lima VP. Strength of maximum repetitions and tension time on leg press after static elongation in extensor and flexor knee. Brazilian Journal of Exercise Physiology and Prescription. 2012;6(31):3-9.
Gomes FD, Vieira W, Souza LM, Paz GA, Lima VP. Maximum repetition performance after proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation applied on agonist and antagonist muscles. ConScientiae Saúde. 2014;13(2):252-8.
Batista ES, Navarro F, Silva Filho L. Stretching the influence of maximum strength through test 1RM. Brazilian Journal of Exercise Physiology and Prescription. 2013;7(42):467-73.
Fermino RC, Winiarsk ZH, Rosa RJ, Lorenci LG, Buso S, Simão R. Influence of the specific warm-up and stretching in the performance of the muscular force in 10 maximum repetitions. Rev Bras Ciênc Mov. 2005;13(4):25-32.
Simão R, Senna G, Nassif L, Leitão N, Arruda R, Priore M, et al. Influência dos diferentes protocolos de aquecimento na capacidade de desenvolver carga máxima no teste de 1RM. Fit Perf J. 2004;3(5):261-5. https://doi.org/10.3900/fpj.3.5.261.p
Noel DP, Figueiredo T, Pereira BM, Silva MC, Simão R, Miranda H. Influência do alongamento estático e do aquecimento específico no número de repetições realizadas durante o treinamento de força. Rev Mineira Educ Física. 2011;19(2):71-83.
Tricoli V, Paulo AC. Acute effects of stretching exercises on maximal strength performance. Rev Bras Ativ Fís Saúde. 2002;7(1):6-13.
Sá MA, Gomes TM, Bentes CM, Silva GC, Rodrigues Neto G, Novaes JS. Acute effect of static and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching methods in the maximum number of repetitions in a single strength training session performance. Motricidade. 2013;9(4):73-81.
Bacurau RP, Monteiro GD, Ugrinowitsch C, Tricoli V, Cabral LF, Aoki MS. Acute effect of a ballistic and a static stretching exercise bout on flexibility and maximal strength. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(1):304-8. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181874d55
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.