Goal scoring in elite male football: A systematic review
The aim of this paper is to review the available literature on goal scoring in elite male football leagues. A systematic search of two electronic databases (SPORTDiscus with Full Text and ISI Web Knowledge All Databases) was conducted and of the 610 studies initially identified, 19 were fully analysed. Studies that fitted all the inclusion criteria were organised according to the research approach adopted (static or dynamic). The majority of these studies were conducted in accordance with the static approach (n=15), where the data were collected without considering dynamic of performance during matches and were analysed using standard statistical methods for data analysis. They focused predominantly on a description of key performance indicators (technical and tactical). Meanwhile, in a few studies the dynamic approach (n=4) was adopted, where performance variables were recorded taking into account the chronological and sequential order in which they occurred. Different advanced analysis techniques for assessing performance evolution over time during the match were used in this second group of studies. The strengths and limitations of both approaches in terms of providing the meaningful information for coaches are discussed in the present study.
Alberti G, Iaia FM, Arcelli E, Cavaggioni L, Rampinini E. (2013). Goal scoring patterns in major European soccer leagues. Sport Sciences for Health, 9(3):151-153. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-013-0154-9
Armatas V, Pollard R. (2014). Home advantage in Greek football. European Journal of Sport Science, 14(2):116-122. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2012.736537
Armatas V, Yiannakos A. (2010). Analysis and evaluation of goals scored in 2006 World Cup. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 2(2):119-128.
Armatas V, Yiannakos A, Hatzimanouil D. (2007). Record and evaluation of set plays in European Football Championship in Portugal 2004. Inquiries in Sport and Physical Education, 5(2):302-307.
Armatas V, Yiannakos A, Papadopoulou S, Skoufas D. (2009). Evaluation of goals scored in top ranking soccer matches: Greek "Superleague" 2006-07. Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 3:39-43.
Bangsbo J. (1994). The physiology of soccer - with special reference to intense intermittent exercise. Acta Physiologica Scandinavian, 151 (Suppl. 619):1-155.
Bar-Eli M, Tenenbaum G, Geister S. (2006). Consequences of Player's Dismissal in Professional Soccer: A Crisis-Related Analysis of Group-Size Effects. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(10):1083-1094. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410500432599
Bialkowski A, Lucey P, Carr P, Yue Y, Matthews I. (2014). "Win at home and draw away": Automatic formation analysis highlighting the differences in home and away team behaviors. In MIT sloan sports analytics conference, Boston.
Collet C. (2013). The possession game? A comparative analysis of ball retention and team success in European and international football, 2007–2010. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(2):123-136. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.727455
Cintia P, Pappalardo L, Pedreschi D, Giannotti F, Malvaldi M. (2015). The harsh rule of the goals: data-driven performance indicators for football teams. In: IEEE international conference on paper presented at the data science and advanced analytics (DSAA), 19–21 October 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/DSAA.2015.7344823
Dixon M, Robinson M. (1998). A birth process model for association football matches. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series D (The Statistician), 47(3):523–538. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9884.00152
Duarte R, Araujo D, Correia V, Davids K. (2012a). Sports teams as superorganisms: implications of sociobiological models of behaviour for research and practice in team sports performance analysis. Sports Medicine, 42(8):633–642. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03262285
Duarte R, Araujo D, Freire L, Folgado H, Fernandes O, Davids K. (2012b). Intra- and inter-group coordination patterns reveal collective behaviors of football players near the scoring zone. Human Movement Science, 31(6):1639–1651. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2012.03.001
Ferguson A. (2013). Alex Ferguson: My Autobiography. London: Hodder and toughton, pp.402.
Fernando T, Wei X, Fookes C, Sridharan S, Lucey P. (2015). Discovering methods of scoring in soccer using tracking data. Paper presented at the Large- Scale Sports Analytics, Sidney.
Folgado H, Lemmink KA, Frencken W, Sampaio J. (2014). Length, width and centroid distance as measures of teams tactical performance in youth football. European Journal of Sport Science, 14(Suppl 1):S487–S492. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2012.730060
Fradua L, Zubillaga A, Caro O, Fernandez-Garcia AI, Ruiz-Ruiz C, Tenga A. (2013). Designing small-sided games for training tactical aspects in soccer: extrapolating pitch sizes from full-size professional matches. Journal of Sport Science, 31(6):573–581. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.746722
Frencken WGP, Lemmink KAPM. (2008). 'Team kinematics of small-sided soccer games: a systematic approach', in T. Reilly and F. Korkusuz (eds), Science and Football VI (pp. 161–6). London: Routledge.
Frencken W, Lemmink K, Delleman N, Visscher C. (2011). Oscillations of centroid position and surface area of soccer teams in small-sided games. European Journal of Sport Science, 11:215-223. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2010.499967
Goncalves B, Figueira BE, Macas V, Sampaio J. (2014). Effect of player position on movement behaviour, physical and physiological performances during an 11-a-side football game. Journal of Sport Science, 32(2):191-199. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.816761
Goncalves B, Marcelino R, Torres-Ronda L, Torrents C, Sampaio J. (2016). Effects of emphasising opposition and cooperation on collective movement behaviour during football small-sided games. Journal of Sport Science, 34(14):1346-1354. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1143111
Gomez MA, Gomez-Lopez M, Lago C, Sampaio J. (2012). Effects of game location and final outcome on game-related statistics in each zone of the pitch in professional football. European Journal of Sport Science, 12(5):393-398. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2011.566373
Grunz A, Memmert D, Perl J. (2012). Tactical pattern recognition in soccer games by means of special self-organizing maps. Human Movement Science, 31(2):334–343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2011.02.008
Janković A, Leontijević B, JelušIć V, Pašić M, Mićović B. (2011). Influence of tactics efficiency on results in serbian soccer super league in season 2009/2010. Journal of Physical Education & Sport, 11(1):32-41.
Knauf K, Memmert D, Brefeld U. (2016). Spatio-temporal convolution kernels. Machine learning, 102:247–273. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10994-015-5520-1
Kempe M, Vogelbein M, Memmert D, Nopp S. (2014). Possession vs. Direct Play: Evaluating Tactical Behavior in Elite Soccer. International Journal of Sports Science, 4(6A):35-41.
Kempe M, Grunz A, Memmert D. (2015). Detecting tactical patterns in basketball: comparison of merge self-organising maps and dynamic controlled neural networks. European Journal of Sport Science, 15(4):249-255. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2014.933882
Krustrup P, Mohr M, Steensberg A, Bencke J, Kjaer M, Bangsbo J. (2006). Muscle and blood metabolites during a soccer game: implications for sprint performance. Medicine and Science in Sports & Exercise, 38(6):1165–1174. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000222845.89262.cd
Lago-Peñas C, Dellal A. (2010). Ball possession strategies in elite soccer according to the evolution of the match-score: the influence of situational variables. Journal of Human Kinetics, 25:93-100.
Lago-Peñas C, Lago-Ballesteros J, Dellal A, Gómez M. (2010). Game-Related Statistics that Discriminated Winning, Drawing and Losing Teams from the Spanish Soccer League. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 9(2):288-293.
Lago-Ballesteros J, Lago-Peñas C. (2010). Performance in Team Sports: Identifying the Keys to Success in Soccer. Journal of Human Kinetics, 25:85-91. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-010-0035-0
Lago-Peñas C, Lago-Ballesteros J. (2011). Game location and team quality effects on performance profiles in professional soccer. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 10(3):465-471.
Lopes A, Fonseca S, Lese R, Baca A. (2015). Using Voronoi diagrams to describe tactical behaviour in invasive team sports: an application in basketball. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 15(1):123-130. https://doi.org/10.4321/S1578-84232015000100012
Mackenzie R, Cushion C. (2013). Performance analysis in football: A critical review and implications for future research. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31:639–676. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.746720
Memmert D, Lemmink APMK, Sampaio J. (2016). Current Approaches to Tactical Performance Analyses in Soccer Using Position Data. Sports Medicine, 47(1):1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0562-5
Nevo R, Ritov Y. (2012). Around the goal: Examining the effect of the first goal on the second goal in soccer using survival analysis methods. Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, 9(2):65-177.
Njororai W. (2014). Timing of Goals Scored in Selected European and South American Soccer Leagues, FIFA and UEFA Tournaments and the Critical Phases of a Match. International Journal of Sports Science, 4(6A):56-64.
Passos P, Araújo D, Davids K. (2013). Dyadic systems as dynamic systems in individual and team sports. Routhedge Handbook of Sports Performance Analysis. London and New York: Routledge.
Pfeiffer M, Perl J. (2006). Analysis of tactical structures in team handball by means of artificial neural networks. International Journal of Computer Science in Sport, 5(1):4-14.
Pratas JM, Volossovitch A, Carita AI. (2016). The effect of performance indicators on the time the first goal is scored in football matches. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 16(1):347-354. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2016.11868891
Prieto J, Gómez MA, Sampaio J. (2015). From a Static to a Dynamic Perspective in Handball Match Analysis: a Systematic Review. The Open Sports Sciences Journal, 8:25-34. https://doi.org/10.2174/1875399X01508010025
Redwood-Brown A. (2008). Passing patterns before and after goal scoring in FA premier league soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 8(3):172-182. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2008.11868458
Russell M, Benton D, Kingsley M. (2011). The Effects of Fatigue on Soccer Skills Performed During a Soccer Match Simulation. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6(2):221-233. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.6.2.221
Sampaio J, Ibáñez S, Lorenzo L. (2013). Basketball. Routhedge Handbook of Sports Performance Analysis. London and New York: Routledge.
Sampaio J, Lago C, Goncalves B, Macas VM, Leite N. (2014). Effects of pacing, status and unbalance in time motion variables, heart rate and tactical behaviour when playing 5-a-side football small-sided games. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(2):229–233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.04.005
Sarmento H, Marcelino R, Anguera MT, Campaniço J, Matos N, Leitão JC. (2014). Match analysis in football: a systematic review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(20):1831-1843. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.898852
Smith MR, Coutts AJ, Merlini M, Deprez D, Lenoir M, Marcora SM. (2016). Mental fatigue impairs soccer-specific physical and technical performance. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 48(2):267–276. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000762
Taylor JB, James N, Mellalieu SD. (2005). National analysis of corner kicks in English premier league soccer. En T. Reilly, J. Cabri and D. Araujo (Eds.), Science and Football V, The procedings of the Fifht World Congress on Science and Football (pp. 225–230). Londres: Routlegde.
Tenga A, Holme I, Ronglan LT, Bahr R. (2010a). Effect of playing tactics on goal scoring in Norwegian professional soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(3):237-244. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903502774
Tenga A, Holme I, Ronglan LT, Bahr R. (2010b). Measuring the effectiveness of offensive match-play in professional soccer. European Journal of Sport Science, 10(4):269-277. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461390903515170
Tenga A, Sigmundstad E. (2011). Characteristics of goal-scoring possessions in open play: Comparing the top, in-between and bottom teams from professional soccer league. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11:545-552. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2011.11868572
Volossovitch A. (2013). Handball. In T. McGarry, P.O'Donoghue, & J.Sampaio (Eds.) Handbook of sports performance analysis. (380-392). London: Routledge.
Volossovitch A, Ferreira AP. (2013). Da descrição estática à predição dinâmica. A evolução das perspectivas de análise da performance nos jogos desportivos coletivos. In A. Volossovitch & A. P. Ferreira (Ed.). Fundamentos e aplicações em análise do jogo. Cruz Quebrada, Portugal: Edições FMH.
Wright C, Atkins S, Polman R, Jones B, Sargeson L. (2011). Factors Associated with Goals and Goal Scoring Opportunities in Professional Soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11(3):438-449. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2011.11868563
Yiannakos A, Armatas V. (2006). Evaluation of goal scoring patterns in the European Championship in Portugal 2004. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 6:178-188. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2006.11868366
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/