Influence of an exercise programme on level of coordination in children aged 6 to 7

Ivan Čillík, Tomáš Willwéber

Abstract

The paper presents changes in the level of coordination in children (6 – 7), as a result of an exercise programme within the frame of the IAAF Kids' Athletics project. The monitoring period lasted for 5 months, during which the members of the experimental group went through 37 training sessions (2 training sessions for 60 minutes a week). The exercise programme consisted of preparatory athletic and gymnastic exercises and cardio games. Versatility training was focused on the development of all fitness abilities, coordination abilities, and articulated mobility. The experimental group consisted of 24 children (17 boys and 7 girls), aged 6.62 ± 0.31 years. The control group consisted of 31 children (22 boys and 9 girls), aged 6.78 ± 0.3 years. Measured indicators of physical development were height, weight and BMI. Tests used to determine the level of coordination were: precision standing long jump, precision kneeling overhead throw, rhythmic lateral line jumps with the aid of a metronome, run to targets, reaction speed of lower extremities, static balance on dynamometric plate. The experimental group showed statistically significant changes (p < 0.05) in these disciplines the precision kneeling overhead throw. The effect size was medium. The rhythmic lateral line jumps test with the aid of a metronome showed no statistically significant changes. The effect size was small. We have observed statistically significant changes (p < 0.01) during these tests: the precision standing long jump, run to targets, reaction speed of lower extremities and static balance on dynamometric plate. The effect size of the precision standing long jump reached medium, run to targets reached medium, the reaction speed of lower extremities showed a large effect and the test of static balance showed a small effect. The results show that children involved in the IAAF Kids' Athletics project had larger improvements in their level of coordination as opposed to kids who were not involved. This contribution is a part of the research project VEGA 1/0571/16.

Keywords

Kid’s athletics; Coordination abilities; Young school-age

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2018.132.14





License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/