Rally pace and match characteristics of male and female tennis matches at the Australian Open 2017
Tennis players hit very fast shots during matches and the opponent needs to hit the ball back within a limited time. The aim of this paper is to analyse the rally pace characteristics and the frequency of rally shots in the men’s and women’s matches at the Australian Open 2017. We analysed male (n=7) and female (n=23) matches at Australian Open 2017. We compared the (1) point duration; (2) number of rally shots; (3) time between the points; (4) rally pace; and (5) work to rest ratio. In spite of some small differences between the men’s and women’s matches, such as work to rest ratio (men 1:3,63±0,38; women 1:4,05±0,73), point duration (men 5,93±0,67 s; women 5,44±1,11 s) and rally shots number (men 4,85±0,48; women 4,47±0,72), none of these differences were significant. Both genders played at the same rally pace (while the ball is in the play), which was 1.2 s (mean ball flight time between the opponents). About 60 % of rallies were finished within the first four shots of the rally. Our findings could help coaches to utilize the practice sessions prior to the Australian Open tournament.
Carboch, J. (2017). Comparison of game characteristics of male and female tennis players at grand-slam tournaments in 2016. TRENDS in Sport Science, 24(4), 151-155. https://doi.org/10.23829/TSS.2017.24.4-2
Chow, J. W., Carlton, L. G., Lim, Y., Chae, W., Shim, J., Kuenster, A.F., & Kokubun, K. (2003). Comparing the pre- and post-impact ball and racket kinematics of elite tennis players' first and second serves: a preliminary study. J Sport Sci, 21, 529-537. https://doi.org/10.1080/0264041031000101908
Christmass, M.A., Richmond, S.E., Cable, N.T., Arthur, P.G., & Hartmann, P.E. (1998). Exercise intensity and metabolic response in singles tennis. J Sport Sci, 16, 739–47. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404198366371
Crespo, M., & Miley. D. (1998). Advanced coaches manual. London: ITF Limited.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
Dunlop, J. I. (2000). Characterizing the service bouncing using a speed gun. In: Haake, S. J. and Coe, A. (Eds.) Tennis Science & Technology. Oxford: Blackwell Science, 183–190.
Elliott, B., Whiteside, D., Lay, B., & Reid, M. (2013). The female tennis serve: an analagous version of the male serve? In ISBS-Conference Proceedings Archive (Vol. 1, No. 1).
Escamilla, R., Barrentine, S., Fleisig, G., Zheng, N., Takada, Y., Kingsley, D., & Andrews, J.R. (2007). Pitching biomechanics as apitcher approaches muscular fatigue during a simulated baseball game. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 35, 23-33. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546506293025
Fernandez, J., Mendez-Villanueva, A., & Pluim, B.M. (2006). Intensity of tennis match play. Brit J Sports Med, 40(5):387-391. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2005.023168
Ferrauti, A., Pluim, B., & Weber, K. (2001). The effect of recovery duration on running speed and stroke quality during intermittent training drills in elite tennis players. J Sport Sci, 19, 235–42. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404101750158277
Filipcic, A., Caks, K.K., & Filipcic, T. (2011). A comparison of selected match characteristics of female tennis players. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 17(2), 14–24.
Gescheit, D.T., Cormack, S.J., Reid, M., & Duffield, R.(2015). Consecutive days of prolonged tennis match play: performance, physical, and perceptual responses in trained players. Int J Sport Physiol, 10(7), 913-20. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2014-0329
ITF (2017). ITF Rules of Tennis. London: ITF Ltd.
ITF, (2018). 2018 Official Grand Slam Rule Book. London: Grand Slam Board.
Kleinöder, H. (2001). The return of serve. ITF coaching & sport science review, 2, 5–6.
Kovacs, M.S. (2004). A comparison of work/rest intervals in men's professional tennis. Medicine and Science in Tennis 9, 10–11.
Kovacs, M.S. (2006). Applied physiology of tennis performance. Brit J Sports Med. 40(50), 381-386. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2005.023309
Martin, C., Bideau, B., Delamarche, P., & Kulpa, R. (2016) Influence of a Prolonged Tennis Match Play on Serve Biomechanics. PLoS ONE 11(8), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159979
Mavvidis, A., Mantis, K, Tamboulis, A., & Pilianidis, T. (2008). Tennis performance and the dominant arm strength velocity in male and female tennis players. Studies In Physical Culture And Tourism, 15(2), 103-108.
Morante, S., & Brotherhooc, J. (2005). Match Characteristics of Professional Singles Tennis. Medicine & Science in Tennis.12-13. Retrieved from: www.cptennis.com.au/pdf/CooperParkTennisPDF_Match%20Characteristics.pdf
Murray, T., Cook, T., Werner, S., Schlegel, T., & Hawkins, R. (2001). The effects of extended play on professional baseball pitchers. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 29, 137–142. https://doi.org/10.1177/03635465010290020501
Myers, J.B., Guskiewicz, K.M., Schneider, R.A., & Prentice, W. E. (1999). Proprioception and Neuromuscular Control of the Shoulder After Muscle Fatigue. J Athl Training, 34(4), 362–367.
O'Donoghue, P., & Ingram, B. (2001). A notational analysis of elite tennis strategy. J Sport Sci, 19, 107–15. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404101300036299
Ojala, T., & Häkkinen, K. (2013). Effects of the Tennis Tournament on Players' Physical Performance, Hormonal Responses, Muscle Damage and Recovery. J Sports Sci Med, 12(2), 240–248.
Ong, N.C. (2017). Reactive stress tolerance in elite athletes: Differences in gender, sport type, and competitive level. Cognitie, Creier, Comportament/Cognition, Brain, Behavior, 21(3). https://doi.org/10.24193/cbb.2017.21.11
Paces, J., Zhanel, J., Cernosek, M. & Vodicka, T. (2016). Analysis of maximum and relative strenght levels of junior male and female players. In: Zvonar, M. (Ed.) 10th Coneference of Kinanthropology "Sport and Quality of Life". Brno: Masaryk University, 415–423.
Pereira, T.J.C., Nakamura, F.Y., de Jesus, M.T., Vieira, C.L.R., Misuta, M.S., de Barros, R.M.L., & Moura, F.A. (2016). Analysis of the distances covered and technical actions performed by professional tennis players during official matches. J Sport Sci, 35(4), 361–368. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318231a66d
Périard, J.D., Racinais, S., Knez W.L., Herrera C.P., Christian, R.J., & Girard O. (2014). Thermal, physiological and perceptual strain mediate alterations in match-play tennis under heat stress. Brit J Sports Med, 48, i32–i38. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-093063
Reid, M., & Duffield, R. (2014). The development of fatigue during match-play tennis. Brit J Sports Med, 48, i7–i11. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-093196
Reid, M, Morgan, S., & Whiteside, D. (2016): Matchplay characteristics of Grand Slam tennis: implications for training and conditioning, J Sport Sci, 34(19):1-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1139161
Schörnborn, R. (1999). Advanced Techniques for Competitive Tennis. Aachen: Meyer&Meyer Sport.
Schönborn, R. (2012). Strategie und Taktik im Tennis Theorien, Analysen und Problematik - begründet aus noch nie dargestelltem Blickwinkel. Gelnhausen: Wagner. (in German).
Smekal, G., Duvillard, von S.P., Rihacek C, Pokan., R, Hofmann. P., Baron, R., Tschan, H., & Bachl N. (2001). A physiological profile of tennis match play. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 33, 999–1005. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200106000-00020
Weber, K., Exler, T., Marx, A., Pley, C., Röbbel, S., & Schäffkes, C. (2010). Schnellere Aufschläge, kürzere Ballwechsel und höherer Zeitdruck für Grundschläge in der Tennis-Weltspitze, Leistungssport, 40(5), 36-42. (in German).
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/