Seasonal physical performance of a professional team’s football players in a national league and European matches
To quantify the seasonal motor skills profile by a professional team’s football players in official matches covered all pre-season matches in national and European championships of the 2016/2017 season. Twenty-seven players were sampled using Global-Positioning-System Technology (GPS). Total distance in meters-(TD), Maximal-Sprinting-Speed running (MS), Very-High-Intensity speed running (VHS), relative Distance/time (D/T) were estimated at two high speed categories: VHS; from 19.8 to 25.2Km/h and MS;>25.2Km/h). Analysis of variance was performed. Midfielders players seem to cover significantly greater mean TD than defenders and forwards (10363 vs. 9887 and 9717 meters, respectively, p<0.001). Furthermore, Midfield players covered greater mean D/T than forward group (99.3 vs. 92.0 meters/mins, respectively, p=0.001). With regard to the match outcome, lower average of TD was covered in matches were the end result was the defeat than those with match outcome win or draw (9488 vs. 10188 and 10148 meters, respectively, p<0.001). Similarly, the same was noted when the TD levels were controlled for the match outcome, with adjustment of the characteristics of the players, playing position and the three periods of the competitive season. This study showed the changes in all types of tested motor skills by the top national team across an annual season. The use of this monitoring approach may contribute to the development of individual training programs for the football players according to their position and specific demands through the season which serve to further enhance soccer performance and reduce the incidence of fatigue or injury.
Andrzejewski, M., konarski, J., Chmura, J., Pluta, B. (2013). Analysis of sprinting activities of professional soccer players. J strength Cond Res, 27(8), 2134-40. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318279423e
Andrzejewski, M., Konefał, M., Chmura, P., Kowalczuk, E., &Chmura, J. (2016). Match outcome and distances covered at various speeds in match play by elite German soccer players. Int J Perform Anal Sport, 16(3), 818-829. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2016.11868930
Bangsbo, J. (1994). The physiology of soccer with special reference to intense intermittent exercise. Acta Physiol Scand Suppl, 619,1-155.
Bangsbo, J., and Michalsik, L. (2002). Assesment and physiological capacity of elite soccer players' In W.Spinks, T Reilly and A Murphy (eds). Science and football IV. London: Routledge, 53-62.
Bangsbo, J., Krustrup P. (2009). Physical demands and training of top-class soccer players. In: T. Reilly and F. Korkusuz (eds.) Science and football VI. New York: Routledge, 318-330.
Barros, R., Misuta, M., Menezes, R., Figueroa, P., Felipe, M., Cunha, S., Anido, R., Leite, N. (2007). Analysis of the distances covered by first division Brazilian soccer players obtained with an automatic tracking method. J Sports Sci and Med, 6(2), 233-242.
Bradley, PS., Sheldon, BJ., Wooster, B., Olsen, P., Boanas, P., Krustrup, P. (2009). High-intensity running in English FA Premier League soccer matches. J Sports Sci, 27(2), 159-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410802512775
Buchheit, M., Haddad, H., Simpson, B., Palazzi, D., Bourdon, P., Di Salvo, V., & Mendez-Villanueva. (2014). Monitoring accelerations with GPS in football: Time to slow down? Int J Sport Physiol Perform, 9(3), 442-445. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0187
Caldwell, BP., and Peters, DM. (2009). Seasonal variation in physiological fitness of semiprofessional soccer team. J Strength Cond Res, 23(5), 1370-1377. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a4e82f
Casamichana, D., Castellano, J., Castagna, C. (2012). Comparing the physical demands of friendly matches and small sided games in semiprofessional soccer players. J strength Cond Res, 26(3), 837-843. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822a61cf
Di Salvo, V., Baron, R., Tschan, H., Calderon Montero, FJ., Bachl, N., Pigozzi, F. (2007). Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. Int J Sports Med, 28(3), 222-227. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-924294
Di Salvo, V., Gregson, W., Atkinson, G., Tordoff, P., Drust, B. (2009). Analysis of high intensity activity in Premier League soccer. Int J Sports Med, 30(3), 205-212. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1105950
Impellizzeri, FM., Sassi, A., Rampinin, E. Accuracy and reliability of a commercial video-computerized, semi-automatic, soccer match analysis system: preliminary results. In: Hoppeler H, Reilly T, Tsolakidis E, Gfeller L, Cologne KS, editors. 11th Annual Conference of the European College of Sport Science. Lausanne, Switcher land: Sportverlag Strauss; 2006 p.319-20.
Impellizzeri, FM., Rampinini, E., Castagna, C., Bishop, D., Ferrari Bravo, B., Tibaudi, A., Wisloff, U. (2008). Validity of repeated-sprint test for football. Int J Sports Med, 29(11), 899-905. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1038491
Jennings, D., Cormack, S., Coutss, A., Boyd, L., & Aughey, RJ. (2010). Variability of GPS units for measuring distance in team sport movements. Int J Sport Physiol Perform,5(4), 565-569. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.4.565
Konefal, M., Chumura, P., Kowalczuk, E., Andrzejewski, M., Chumura, J. (2015). The impact of players' motor skills on performance in top German Bundesliga teams. Trends in Sport Sciences, 4(22), 185-190.
Maddison, R., & Mhurchu, C. (2009). Global positioning system: A new opportunity in physical activity measurement. Int J Behavl Nutr Phys Act, 6, 73. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-6-73
Mohr, M., Krustup, P., and Banjsbo, J. (2003). Match performance of high standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. J Sports Sci, 21(7), 519-528. https://doi.org/10.1080/0264041031000071182
Nunez, VM., Da Silva, Grigolleto ME., Castillo, EF., Poblador, MS., and Lancho, JL. (2008). Effects of training exercises for the development of strength and endurance in soccer. J Strength Cond Res, 22(2), 518-524. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318163468f
Rampinini, E., Coutts, AJ., Castagna, C., Sassi, R., and Impellizzeri, FM. (2007a) Variation in top level soccer match performance. Int J Sports Med, 28(12), 1018-1024. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-965158
Rampinini, E., Impellizzeri, FM., Castagna, C., Abt, G., Chamari, K., Sassi, A., and Marcora, SM. (2007b). Factors 14 influencing physiological responses to small-sided soccer games. J Sports Sci, 25(6), 659-666. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410600811858
Smpokos, E., Mourikis, C., Theodorou, A., Linardakis, M. (2017). Lower-extremity strength ratios of professional Greek soccer players: A follow up study during in-season. Arch Hellenic Med, 34(5), 682-689.
Stolen, T., Chamari, K., Castagna, C., Wisloff, U. (2005). Physiology of soccer: an update. Sports Med, 35(6), 501-536. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200535060-00004
Varley, MC., Gabbett, T., Aughey, RJ. (2013). Activity profiles of professional soccer, rugby league and Australian football match play. J Sport Sci, 32(20), 1858-1866. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.823227
Vigne, G., Dellal, A., Gaudino, C., Chamari, K., Rogowski, I., Alloatti, G., Wong, PD., Owen, A., Hautier, C. (2013). Physical outcome in a successful Italian Serie A soccer team over three consecutive seasons. J Strength Cond Res, 27(5), 1400-6. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182679382
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.