The purpose and the motivation for future practice of physical activity and related factors in Japanese university students

Chiemi Miyawaki, Kumiko Ohara, Tomoki Mase, Katsuyasu Kouda, Tomoko Fujitani, Katsumasa Momoi, Hiratoshi Kaneda, Rumiko Murayama, Yoshimitsu Okita, Harunobu Nakamura

Abstract

Purpose: We investigated the purpose and the motivation for the future practice of physical activity and related factors in Japanese university students. Materials and Methods: The participants were 499 university students (407 men and 92 women). Participants were surveyed using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire. Questionnaire items were anthropometrics, current exercise habits, preference for exercise, existence of exercise partners, benefits of exercise, self-efficacy for exercise, and the purpose to be motivated to exercising in the future. Results: The exercise group had higher scores for preference for exercise, exercise partners, self-efficacy for exercise, and benefits of exercise than the non-exercise group. The exercise group also reported being more likely to be motivated to exercise in the future than the non-exercise group. In the exercise group, those who felt benefits of exercise were more likely to be motivated to exercise for enhancement of health, enjoyment, making friends, prevention of illness, and enhancement of competitiveness. In the non-exercise group, those who had a preference for exercise were more likely to be motivated to exercise in the future for enjoyment, prevention of illness, and enhancement of competitiveness. In both the exercise and non-exercise groups, women were markedly more likely to be motivated to exercise in the future for aesthetics. Conclusions: These results indicate that there is a difference in the purpose and the motivation for future practice of physical activity between the exercise group and the non-exercise group as well as between genders.

Keywords

Exercise habits; Future; Gender differences; Purpose of exercise; University Students

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.141.05





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