Analysis and evaluation of the United Kingdom and Spain’s sport models

Esther Puga-González, Gema Torres-Luque, Josué González-Ruiz, David Cabello-Manrique

Abstract

In this study, we have undertaken an analysis of the status of Spanish and British sport models. Sport has become a major socio-economic marvel of the modern world, with broad media coverage and both active and passive participation. Sporting achievement, the public image of many countries, is a top priority for the governments of developed nations and represents a goal of general interest. Using data analysis, we have examined the reality of the sport models in both countries through sportive variables, as well as the financials behind the sporting economy in the last 5 Olympic Games. The data reveals a more efficiency model in UK and a need of change if Spain wants to keep its current level of achievement internationally, where the current model requires a review of its structure and funding sources, public or private, and the modernisation of the federated management model that must be preserved and encouraged through (non-profit) organisations that benefit from a favourable tax system, such as the Sports Federations.


Keywords

Sport systems; Sport federations; Sport economic; Management; Administration

References

Bayle, E. (1999). Management et performance des organisations à but non lucratif: le case des fédérations sportives nationales, thèse de doctorat de sciences de gestion, Université de Limoges, nov 1999.

Bayle, E. (2000). La mesure de la performance des organisations à but non lucratif: proposition d'une nouvelle méthode appliquée aux fédérations sportives nationales, Revue Gestion 2000, oct, 35-54.

Bayle, E. (2001). Les modalités de gouvernance des organisations à but non lucratif: une étude appliquée aux fédérations sportives nationales, Revue des sciences de gestion, nº 188-189 dossier "Piloter l'entreprise", 54-69.

Brown, M. (2014). Decoding the Black Box: Decision Strategies for Resource Allocation in Elite. Tesina Master MEMOS. COI. Lausanne.

Brundage, A. (1973). Prefacio en Coubertein, P. Ideario Olimpico (P.I). Madrid: Instituto Nacional de Educación Física.

Bucur, M. M., Macovei, S. & Margineantu, G. S. (2015). Sustainable development in the context of the olympic games. Ovidius University Annals, Series Physical Education & Sport/Science, Movement & Health. 15 (2), 111-116.

Cabello, D. (2017). Análisis de la eficiencia del sistema deportivo en el entorno de la Unión Europea. Estudio comparado del modelo deportivo del Reino Unido y España. Memoria científica del programa Salvador de Madariaga (inédita).

Cabello, D., Camps, A. & Puga, E. (2009). Evaluation model of excellece in sporting organizations. XIII Olympic Congress - Copenhague. International Olympic Committee, Lausanne.

Chappelet, J.L. (1993). Approche systémique du phénomène olympique, Revue STAPS, Feb, 52-61.

De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., & Van Bottenburg, M. (2009). Explaining international sporting success: An international comparison of elite sport systems and policies in six countries. Sport Management Review 12(3), 113-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2009.01.001

De Carlos, P., Alén, E. & Pérez-González, A. (2017). Measuring the efficiency of the Spanish Olympic Sports Federations. European Sport Management Quarterly, 17(2), 210–225. https://doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2016.1245769

Deloitte (2018). Estudio comparativo internacional de los modelos de deporte de alto nivel. Asociación Deporte Español. Madrid (inédito).

García Ferrando, M. (2006). 25 años de análisis del comportamiento deportivo de la población española (1980-2005). Revista Internacional de Sociología, LXIV, 44, 15-38.

Giannoulakis, Ch., Stotlar, D. & Chatziefstathiou, D. (2008). Olympic sponsorship: evolution, challenges and impact on the Olympic Movement. International Journal of Sports Marketing & Sponsorship, July, 256-270. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSMS-09-04-2008-B005

González, J., Torres, G., Roca, A., Puga, E. & Cabello, D. (2018). Relación entre inversión y resultados deportivos de España y el Reino Unido en los últimos 20 años (1996-2016). SportK, 7(1), 157-164. https://doi.org/10.6018/322021

Heinemann, K. (2001). La repercusion económica del deporte: marco teórico y problemas prácticos. Educación Física y Deportes, 43.

Heinemann, K. (2008). Introducción a la metodología de la investigación empírica en Ciencias del Deporte. Paidotribo. Barcelona.

Phelps, S. & Kent, A. (2010). Isomorphism and choice in the creation and development of an international sports federation: a review of the International Triathlon Union International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 8, (3/4), 277 – 295.

Puig, N., Martinez, J. & Garcia, B. (2010). Sport policy in Spain. International Journal of Sport Policy, 2(3), 381–390. https://doi.org/10.1080/19406940.2010.519343

Scheerder, J., Willem, A. & Claes, E. (2017). Sport Policy Systems and Sport Federations, A Cross-National perspective. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-60222-0

Sánchez, P.; Barajas, A. & Alén, E. (2013). Los eventos deportivos como herramienta de promoción turística. Revista de Análisis Turístico, 16, 59-69.

Truyens, J., De Bosscher, V., Heyndels, B., & Westerbeek, H. (2014). A Resource-Based Perspective on Countries' Competitive Advantage in Elite Athletics. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 6(3), 459-489. https://doi.org/10.1080/19406940.2013.839954

Williams, E. (2012). Jolly good show: Who will win the 2012 Olympic Games in London?. Tuck Schol of Business at Dartmounth.

Zintz, T. (2006). Construction d'un outil de mesure de la performance des federations sportives nacionales au Cameroun: Le cas de la federation camerounaise de volley-ball. Tesina Master MEMOS. COI. Lausanne.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.142.08





License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/