A single step analysis of plantar pressure distribution in tennis specific movements
Studies indicate that injury risks in tennis depend on the playing surface type. In order to assess loading during tennis specific movements, plantar pressure parameters are determined and analyzed. So far, only comparisons between whole stride sequences on different surfaces have been performed showing some inconsistent results. We assumed that on the more slippery clay higher vertical forces are required to accelerate, and that on hard-court higher loadings occur during deceleration. Hence, we analyzed the influence of the playing surface on respective types of steps. Eight experienced male tennis players performed two different tennis specific movements on clay and hard-court. We used a Pedar-X insole measurement system for determining selected plantar pressure parameters for the whole foot as well as for the forefoot and rear foot area. Steps were categorized as accelerating or decelerating regarding the path of the center of pressure during impact of the foot on the ground. For accelerating steps, a multivariate analysis revealed significant differences (Pillai-Spur; p < .05) for both repeated factors as well as their interaction for both playing conditions. All loading parameters were significantly higher in the forefoot area on clay for one of the two playing conditions investigated. For decelerating steps, the multivariate analysis revealed significant differences for both repeated factors for one playing condition. Higher values were observed for all loading parameters in the rear foot area in both playing conditions on clay. Running styles during tennis specific movements depend on the court surface. Separate analyses of acceleration and deceleration steps may help revealing high-risk parts and periods.
Barnett, T., & Pollard, G. (2007) How the tennis court surface affects player performance and injuries. Medicine and Science in Tennis, 12(1), 34-37.
Clarke, J., Dixon, S.J., Damm, L., & Carré, M.J. (2013) The effect of normal load force and roughness on the dynamic traction developed at the shoe-surface interface in tennis. Sports Engineering, 16, 165-171. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-013-0121-3
Damm, L., Low, D., Richardson, A., Clarke, J., Carré, M., & Dixon, S. (2013) The effects of surface traction characteristics on frictional demand and kinematics in tennis. Sport Biomech, 12(4), 389-402. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2013.784799
Damm, L., Starbuck, C., Stocker, N., Clarke, J., Carré, M., & Dixon, S. (2014) Shoe-surface friction in tennis: influence on plantar pressure and implications for injury. Footwear Science, 6(3), 155-164. https://doi.org/10.1080/19424280.2014.891659
Dragoo, J.L., & Braun, H.J. (2010) The effect of playing surface on injury rate: a review of the current literature. Sports Med, 40(11), 981-990. https://doi.org/10.2165/11535910-000000000-00000
Eckl, M., Kornfeind, P., & Baca, A. (2011) A comparison of plantar pressures between two different playing surfaces in tennis. Portuguese Journal of Sport Sciences, 11 (Suppl. 2), 601-604.
Fu, M.C., Ellenbecker, T.S., Renstrom, P.A., Windler, G., & Dines, D.M. (2018) Epidemiology of injuries in tennis players. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, 11, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12178-018-9452-9
Girard, O., Eicher, F., Fourchet, F., Micallef, J.P., & Millet, G.P. (2007) Effects of the playing surface on plantar pressures and potential injuries in tennis. Brit J Sport Med, 41, 733-738. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2007.036707
Girard, O., Micallef, J.P., & Millet, G.P. (2010) Effects of the playing surface on plantar pressures during the first serve in tennis. Int j sport physiol, 5(3), 384-393. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.3.384
Griffin, L.Y., Albohm, M.J., Arendt, E.A., Bahr, R., Beynnon, B.D., Demaio, M., Dick, R.W., Engebretsen, L., Garrett, W.E. Jr., Hannafin, J.A., Hewett, T.E., Huston, L.J., Ireland, M.L., Johnson, R.J., Lephart, S., Mandelbaum, B.R., Mann, B.J., Marks, P.H., Marshall, S.W., Myklebust, G., Noyes, F.R., Powers, C., Shields, C. Jr., Shultz, S.J., Silvers, H., Slauterbeck, J., Taylor, D.C., Teitz, C.C., Wojtys, E.M., & Yu, B. (2006) Understanding and preventing noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries – A review of the Hunt Valley II Meeting, January 2005. Am J Sport Med, 34(9), 1512-1532. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546506286866
Miller, S. (2006) Modern tennis rackets, balls, and surfaces. Brit J Sport Med, 40, 401-405. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2005.023283
Nigg, B.M., & Segesser, B. (1988) The influence of playing surfaces on the load on the locomotor system and on football and tennis injuries. Sports Med, 5, 375-385. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-198805060-00003
Nigg, B.M. (2003) Injury & performance on tennis surfaces: The effect of tennis surfaces on the game of tennis. Available from URL: https://de.scribd.com/document/320959409/Doc-7-pdf
Pluim, B.M., Clarsen, B., & Verhagen, E. (2018) Injury rates in recreational tennis players do not differ between different playing surfaces. Brit J of Sport Med, 52(9), 611-615. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-097050
Reid, M.M., Duffield, R., Minett, G.M., Sibte, N., Murphy, A.P., & Baker, J. (2013) Physiological, perceptual, and technical responses to on-court tennis training on hard and clay courts. J Strength Cond Res, 27(6), 1487-1495. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31826caedf
Stiles, V.H., & Dixon, S.J. (2006) The influence of different playing surfaces on the biomechanics of a tennis running forehand foot plant. J Appl Biomech, 22, 14-24. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.22.1.14
Taylor, S.A., Fabricant, P.D., Khair, M.M., Haleem, A.M., & Drakos, M.C. (2012) A review of synthetic playing surfaces, the shoe-surface interface, and lower extremity injuries in athletes. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 40(4), 66-72. https://doi.org/10.3810/psm.2012.11.1989
Ura, D., & Carré, M. (2016) Development of a novel portable device to measure the tribological behavior of shoe interactions with tennis courts. Procedia Engineering, 147, 550-555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.06.237
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/