Balance as an assessment of health-related quality of life in people living with HIV


  • Norberto Quiles Queens College of the City University of New York, United States
  • Martin Rosario Texas Woman’s University, United States
  • Alexis Ortiz UT Health San Antonio, United States



Standing balance, HIV dementia, HRQoL


Background: Balance and cognitive decline are impairments in people living with HIV (PLWH). These impairments predispose to fall-related injuries, affecting health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study assessed standing balance and cognition after a three-month fitness program and its relationship to HRQoL. Methods: Fifty-four PLWH participating in a community-based fitness program participated in this study. Standing balance with eyes open and eyes closed was measured with a pressure mat. Cognition was assessed using the HIV dementia scale (HDS), while the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) was used as a measure of HRQoL. Paired t-tests compared balance values while linear regression explored the association between balance and HDS scores with HRQoL. Results: Balance values with eyes open improved significantly (p=0.04). Linear regression showed a significant association between the three predictors and HRQoL (r = .50; p = .017). Conclusions: Standing balance and mental status play a significant role in HRQoL in PLWH.


La Perla de Gran Precio, San Juan, Puerto Rico


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How to Cite

Quiles, N., Rosario, M., & Ortiz, A. (2019). Balance as an assessment of health-related quality of life in people living with HIV. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(2), 492–499.



Sport Medicine, Nutrition & Health