Balance as an assessment of health-related quality of life in people living with HIV

Norberto Quiles, Martin Rosario, Alexis Ortiz

Abstract

Background: Balance and cognitive decline are impairments in people living with HIV (PLWH). These impairments predispose to fall-related injuries, affecting health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study assessed standing balance and cognition after a three-month fitness program and its relationship to HRQoL. Methods: Fifty-four PLWH participating in a community-based fitness program participated in this study. Standing balance with eyes open and eyes closed was measured with a pressure mat. Cognition was assessed using the HIV dementia scale (HDS), while the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) was used as a measure of HRQoL. Paired t-tests compared balance values while linear regression explored the association between balance and HDS scores with HRQoL. Results: Balance values with eyes open improved significantly (p=0.04). Linear regression showed a significant association between the three predictors and HRQoL (r = .50; p = .017). Conclusions: Standing balance and mental status play a significant role in HRQoL in PLWH.


Keywords

Standing balance; HIV dementia; HRQoL

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.142.20





License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/