Effects of post activation potentiation on eccentric loading: Is it possible to do more repetitions after supra-maximal loading?
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of Post Activation Potentiation (PAP) on muscular endurance performance. 42 physically active male participants (PAP Group n=32, Control Group n=10) who have at least 1 year of resistance training experience and exercise min. times/week, participated in this study. First testing session were the same for both Control and PAP group. On the first session, 1 Repetition Maximum (1RM) of subjects was found. 65% of the 1 RM was calculated to find the weight that was going to be used for the muscular endurance test. Subjects completed maximal number of repetitions with 65 % of their 1 RM. On the second test session which was done 48 hours after the first session, PAP group did eccentric loading with Bench Press with their 120 % of 1 RM than rest 8 minutes to elicit the effects of PAP. After the resting period, muscular endurance test with 65% of 1 RM and time under tension were recorded. No statistical difference was found between the number of repetitions that were done in the first and the second test session for control group (p>0.05). Whereas significant increase was found for the PAP group (p<0.05). No relationship between training experience and the number of increased repetitions was observed (p>0.05). As a result of this study, supra-maximal eccentric loading was found to be an effective method to elicit the effects of PAP on muscular endurance. Therefore, PAP protocols in resistance training sessions might be considered to be used for athletes who want to improve their muscular endurance performance.
Bevan, H. R., Cunningham, D. J., Tooley, E. P., Owen, N. J., Cook, C. J., Kilduff, L. P. (2010). Influence of postactivation potentiation on sprinting performance in professional rugby players. J Strength Cond Res, 24(3), 701-705. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c7b68a
Comyns, T. M., Harrison, A. J., Hennessy, L. K. (2010). Effect of squatting on sprinting performance and repeated exposure to complex training in male rugby players. J Strength Cond Res, 24(3), 610-618. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c7c3fc
Dello Iacono, A., Padulo, J., Eliakim, A., Gottlieb, R., Bareli, R., Meckel, Y. (2015). Post activation potentiation effects on vertical and horizontal explosive performances of young handball and basketball athletes. J Sports Med Phys Fit, 56(12), 1455-1464.
Duncan, M. J., Thurgood, G., Oxford, S. W. (2014). Effect of heavy back squats on repeated sprint performance in trained men. J Sports Med Phys Fit, 54(2), 238-243.
Hamada, T., Sale, D. G., Macdougall, J. D. (2000). Postactivation potentiation in endurance-trained male athletes. Med Sci Sport Exer, 32(2), 403-411. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200002000-00022
Hancock, A. P., Sparks, K. E., Kullman, E. L. (2015). Postactivation potentiation enhances swim performance in collegiate swimmers. J Strength Cond Res, 29(4), 912-917. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000744
Hodgson, M., Docherty, D., Robbins, D. (2005). Postactivation potentiation: Underlying physiology and implications for motor performance. Sports Med, 35, 585–595. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200535070-00004
Judge, L. W. (2009). The application of postactivation potentiation to the track and field thrower. Strength Cond J, 31(3), 34–36. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e3181a62960
Kaiya, S. S., Charles, J. F. (2014). Acute post-activation potentiation in NCAA division II female athletes. Int J Exer Sci, 7(3), 212-219.
Kilduff, L. P., Bevan, H. R., Kingsley, M. I., Owen, N. J., Bennett, M. A., Bunce, P. J., Cunningham, D. J. (2007). Postactivation potentiation in professional rugby players: optimal recovery. J Strength Cond Res, 21(4), 1134-1138. https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200711000-00026
Kilduff, L. P., Cunningham, D. J., Owen, N. J., West, D. J., Bracken, R. M., Cook, C. J.(2011). Effect of postactivation potentiation on swimming starts in international sprint swimmers. J Strength Cond Res, 25(9), 2418-2423. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318201bf7a
Lorenz, D. (2011). Postactivation potentiation: an introduction. Int J Sport Phys Theory, 6(3), 234-240.
Low, D., Harsley, P., Shaw, M., Peart, D. (2015). The effect of heavy resistance exercise on repeated sprint performance in youth athletes. J Sport Sci, 33(10), 1028-1034. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.979857
Mitchell, C. J., Sale, D. G. (2011). Enhancement of jump performance after a 5-RM squat is associated with postactivation potentiation. Eur J Appl Physiol, 111(8), 1957-1963. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1823-x
Rixon, K. P., Lamont, H. S., Bemben, M. (2007). Influence of type of muscle contraction, gender, and lifting experience on postactivation potentiation performance. J Strength Cond Res, 21, 500–505.
Sale, D. G. (2002). Postactivation potentiation: role in human performance. Exer Sport Sci Rev, 30, 138–143. https://doi.org/10.1097/00003677-200207000-00008
Sandra, L. (2012). Post Activation potentiation: Effect of various recovery intervals on bench press power performance. J Strength Cond Res, 26(3), 739-744. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318225f371
Seitz, B. L., Haff, G. G. (2016). Factors modulating post-activation potentiation of jump, sprint,throw, and upper-body ballistic performances: a systematic review with meta-anlysis. Sport Med, 46(2), 231-240. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0415-7
Stone, M. H., Sands, W. A., Pierce, K. C., Ramsey, M. W., Haff, G. G. (2008). Power and power potentiation among weightlifters: preliminary study. Int J Sport Physiol Perform, 3(1), 55–67. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.3.1.55
Tobin, D. P., Delahunt, E. (2014). The acute effect of a plyometric stimulus on jump performance in professional rugby players. J Strength Cond Res, 28(2), 367-372. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318299a214
Witmer, C. A., Davis, S. E., Moir, G. L. (2010). The acute effects of back squats on vertical jump performance in men and women. J Sport Sci Med, 9(2), 206-213.
Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.