Analysis of respiratory function and muscle strength of elite judo athletes and sedentary females
The purpose of this study is to analyse the respiratory function and muscle strengths of elite female judo athletes and sedentary females. 20 elite female judo athletes (EG) and 20 sedentary healthy females (CG) participated in our study. The subjects’ respiratory function tests were conducted in sitting position with spirometry, while the respiratory muscle strength tests were conducted by using intraoral barometry. SPSS 22.0 program was used for statistical analysis. When EG and CG were analysed in terms of respiratory functions, no statistically significant difference was found (p>0.05). However, when MIP* and MEP** values were analysed, it was found statistically that female judo athletes (EG) had much higher results when compared with sedentary females (CG) (*p<0.05, **p<0.01). As a conclusion, it can be seen that elite female judo athletes had stronger respiratory muscles when compared with sedentary females, while their lung capacities were found to be similar. Based on the results of our study, it is thought that by doing extra respiratory muscle and function developing trainings, these parameters influencing performance can be developed in female judo athletes. In addition, our study has the characteristic of a reference in terms of respiratory functions and especially respiratory muscle strength in the branch of judo.
Amonette, W.E., & Dupler, TL. (2002). The effects of respiratory muscle training on VO2 max, the ventilatory threshold and pulmonary function. Journal of Exercise Physiology 5(2), 29-35.
Arend, M., Mäestu, J., Kivastik, J., Rämson, & R., Jürimäe, J., (2015). Effect of inspiratory muscle warm-up on submaximal rowing performance. J Strength Cond Res , 29(1), 213-218. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000618
Berglund, L., Sundgot‐Borgen, J., & Berglund, B. (2011). Adipositas athletica: a group of neglected conditions associated with medical risks. Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine & Science in Sports 21(5), 617-624. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2011.01322.x
Cameron, M.H., & Monroe, L. (2007). Physical Rehabilitation-E-Book: Evidence-Based Examination, Evaluation, and Intervention. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Chaabene, H., Hachana, Y., Franchini, E., Mkaouer, B., & Chamari, K. (2012). Physical and physiological profile of elite karate athletes. Sports Medicine. 42(10), 829-843.
Chin, M.K., Lo, Y.S., Li, C.T., & So, C.H. (1992). Physiological profiles of Hong Kong élite soccer players. British Journal Of Sports Medicine, 26(4), 262-266. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.26.4.262
Cordain, L., & Stager, J. (1988). Pulmonary structure and function in swimmers. Sports Medicine, 6(5), 271-278. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-198806050-00002
Doherty. M., & Dimitriou, L. (1997). Comparison of lung volume in Greek swimmers, land based athletes, and sedentary controls using allometric scaling. British Journal Of Sports Medicine, 31(4), 337-341. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.31.4.337
Forbes, S., Game, A., Syrotuik, D., Jones, R., & Bell, G.J. (2011) The effect of inspiratory and expiratory respiratory muscle training in rowers. Research in Sports Medicine, 19(4), 217-230. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2011.608033
HajGhanbari, B., Yamabayashi, C., Buna, T.R. (2013). Effects of respiratory muscle training on performance in athletes: a systematic review with meta-analyses. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(6), 1643-1663. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318269f73f
Kellens, I., Cannizzaro, F., Gouilly, P,. & Crielaard, J.M. (2011). Inspiratory muscles strengthtraining in recreational athletes. Rev Mal Respir, 28, 602–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmr.2011.01.008
Lomax, M., & McConnell, A.K. (2009). Influence of prior activity (warm-up) and inspiratory muscle training upon between-and within-day reliability of maximal inspiratory pressure measurement. Respiration, 78(2), 197-202. https://doi.org/10.1159/000211229
Murata, H., Oshima, S., Torii, S., Taguchi, M., & Higuchi, M. (2016). Characteristics of body composition and cardiometabolic risk of Japanese male heavyweight Judo athletes. Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 35(1), 10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40101-016-0092-8
O'Brien, T.D., Reeves, N.D, Baltzopoulos, V., Jones, D.A, & Maganaris, C.N. (2009) Strong relationships exist between muscle volume, joint power and whole‐body external mechanical power in adults and children. Experimental Physiology, 94(6), 731-738. https://doi.org/10.1113/expphysiol.2008.045062
Ohya, T., Hagiwara, M., Chino, K., & Suzuki, Y. (2017). Maximal inspiratory mouth pressure in Japanese elite female athletes. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 238, 55-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2017.01.005
Ohya, T., Yamanaka, R., Hagiwara, M., Oriishi, M., & Suzuki, Y. (2016). The 400-and 800-m track running induces inspiratory muscle fatigue in trained female middle-distance runners. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 30(5), 1433-1437. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001220
Ouergui, I., Hammouda, O., Chtourou, H., Gmada, N., & Franchini, E. (2014). Effects of recovery type after a kickboxing match on blood lactate and performance in anaerobic tests. Asian Journal Of Sports Medicine, 5(2), 99.
Özdal, M. (2016). Acute effects of inspiratory muscle warm-up on pulmonary function in healthy subjects. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 227, 23-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2016.02.006
Özdal, M., Bostanci, Ö., Dağlioğlu, Ö., Ağaoğlu, S.A., & Kabadayi, M. (2016). Effect of respiratory warm-up on anaerobic power. Journal Of Physical Therapy Science, 28(7), 2097-2098. https://doi.org/10.1589/jpts.28.2097
Radovanovic, D., Bratic, M., Nurkic, M., & Stankovic, N. (2011). Recovery of dynamic lung function in elite judoists after short-term high intensity exercise. Arch Budo, 7(1), 21-26.
Rodriguez, F.A. (2000). Maximal oxygen uptake and cardiorespiratory response to maximal 400-m free swimming, running and cycling test in competitive swimmers. Journal Of Sports Medicine And Physical Fitness, 40(2), 87.
Romer, L.M., & McConnell, A.K. (2004). Inter-test reliability for non-invasive measures of respiratory muscle function in healthy humans. European Journal Of Applied Physiology, 91(2-3), 167-176. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-003-0984-2
Shin, Y.S., Yang. S.M., Kim, J.H., et al. (2017). Respiratory function of the Korean elite judo athletes and non-athletes. Arch Budo, 13, 297-307.
Strongoli, L.M., Gomez, C.L., & Coast, J.R. (2010). The effect of core exercises on transdiaphragmatic pressure. Journal Of Sports Science & Medicine, 9(2): 270.
Vasconcelos, T., Hall, A., & Viana, R. (2017). The influence of inspiratory muscle training on lung function in female basketball players-a randomized controlled trial. Porto Biomedical Journal, 2(3), 86-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbj.2016.12.003
Zaccagni. L., Onisto, N., & Gualdi-Russo, E. (2009). Biological characteristics and ageing in former elite volleyball players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(6), 667-672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2008.06.006
License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/