Activity profile, PlayerLoad™ and heart rate response of Gaelic football players: A pilot study

Declan Gamble, Matt Spencer, Andrew McCarren, Niall Moyna

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to; quantify positional differences in the activity profiles of Gaelic football players and to evaluate decrements in physical performance during a pre-season competition. Global positioning system (GPS) data was recorded from 36 players from 3 teams across 5 games. The relative distance covered in locomotor activities, peak speed, relative PlayerLoad™ (PL.min-1)and heart rate responses were evaluated between playing positions and across match periods using a mixed model analysis. The mean relative distance of 92.4 ± 23.3 m.min-1 covered,comprised 28.4 ± 10.2 m.min-1 of high intensity running (m.min-1 ≥4.0 m.s-1) and 9.9 ± 3.9 m.min-1 of very high intensity running (m.min-1 ≥5.5 m.s-1). High intensity running and relative PlayerLoad™ (PL.min-1) was significantly higher in half-backs, midfielders and half-forwards compared to the full-backs, whereas only the half-backs and half-forwards displayed significantly greater values compared to full-forwards. When compared to the first 15 min (P1) of the game, analysis of pooled positional data revealed significant declines in; overall relative distance covered, jogging (≥2.0 - < 4.0 m.s-1), running (≥4.0 - <5.5 m.s-1), high intensity running and PL.min-1,in P2 (20-35 min) and P4 (55-70 min). Significant reductions in average heart rate were also found between the first and second halves and between P1 with both P3 and P4. These results highlight differences in the physical performance requirements of specific positions and provide evidence of reductions in work-rate during games. Coaches can use this information to inform the development of both team and position-specific conditioning programmes.


Keywords

Performance analysis; Team sport; GPS; Accelerometer; Pre-season

References

Aughey, R. J. (2010). Australian football player work rate: Evidence of fatigue and pacing? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5(3), 394–405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2015.02.005

Beasley, K. J. (2015). Nutrition and Gaelic football: Review, recommendations, and future considerations. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 25(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2013-0214

Boyd, Luke, J., Ball, K., & Aughey, R. J. (2011). The reliability of MinimaxX accelerometers for measuring physical activity in Australian football. International Journal of Sport Physiology and Performance, 6, 311–321. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.6.3.311

Boyd, L. J., Ball, K., & Aughey, R. J. (2013). Quantifying external load in australian football matches and training using accelerometers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8(1), 44–51. https://doi.org/2011-0098 [pii]

Bradley, J., & O’Donoghue, P. (2011). Counterattacks in elite Gaelic football competition. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11(1), 159–170. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2011.11868537

Bradley, P. S., Sheldon, W., Wooster, B., Olsen, P., Boanas, P., & Krustrup, P. (2009). High-intensity running in English FA Premier League soccer matches. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(2), 159–168. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410802512775

Coutts, A. J., Quinn, J., Hocking, J., Castagna, C., & Rampinini, E. (2010). Match running performance in elite Australian Rules Football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(5), 543–548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2009.09.004

Cullen, B. D., Cregg, C. J., Kelly, D. T., M. Hughes, S., Daly, P. G., & Moyna, N. M. (2013). Fitness profiling of elite level adolescent gaelic football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(8), 2096–2103. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318277fce2

Cummins, C., Orr, R., O’Connor, H., & West, C. (2013). Global positioning systems (GPS) and microtechnology sensors in team sports: A systematic review. Sports Medicine, 43(10), 1025–1042. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-013-0069-2

Duffield, R., Coutts, A. J., & Quinn, J. (2009). Core temperature responses and match running performance during intermittentsprint exercise competition in warm conditions. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(4), 1238–1244. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318194e0b1

Edwards, A. M., & Noakes, T. D. (2009). Dehydration: Cause of fatigue or sign of pacing in elite soccer? Sports Medicine, 39(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200939010-00001

Jennings, D., Cormack, S., Coutts, A. J., Boyd, L., & Aughey, R. J. (2010). The validity and reliability of GPS units in team sport specific running patterns. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5(3), 328–341. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181ef9d6b.10.

Johnston, R. D., Gabbett, T. J., Seibold, A. J., & Jenkins, D. G. (2014). Influence of physical contact on pacing strategies during game-based activities. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(5), 811–816. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0424

Kempton, T., Sullivan, C., Bilsborough, J. C., Cordy, J., & Coutts, A. J. (2015). Match-to-match variation in physical activity and technical skill measures in professional Australian Football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(1), 109–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.12.006

Mallo, J., Mena, E., Nevado, F., & Paredes, V. (2015). Physical Demands of Top-Class Soccer Friendly Matches in Relation to a Playing Position Using Global Positioning System Technology. Journal of Human Kinetics, 47(1), 179–188. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0073

Malone, S., Roe, M., Doran, D. A., Gabbett, T. J., & Collins, K. (2017a). High chronic training loads and exposure to bouts of maximal velocity running reduce injury risk in elite Gaelic football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20(3), 250–254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.08.005

Malone, S., Solan, B., & Collins, K. (2017b). The Running Performance Profile of Elite Gaelic Football Match-Play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(1), 30–36. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001477

Malone, S., Solan, B., Collins, K. D., & Doran, D. A. (2016). Positional Match Running Performance in Elite Gaelic Football. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(8), 2292–2298. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001309

Mangan, S., Ryan, M., Devenney, S., Shovlin, A., McGahan, J., Malone, S., … Collins, K. (2017a). The relationship between technical performance indicators and running performance in elite Gaelic football. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 17(5), 706–720. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2017.1387409

Mangan, S., Ryan, M., Shovlin, A., McGahan, J., Malone, S., O’Neill, C., … Collins, K. (2017b). Seasonal changes in Gaelic football match-play running performance. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, epub ahead.

McLellan, C. P., Lovell, D. I., & Gass, G. C. (2011). Performance Analysis of Elite Rugby League Match Play Using Global Positioning Systems. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(6), 1703–1710. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181ddf678

Mohr, M., Krustrup, P., & Bangsbo, J. (2003). Match performance of high-standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21(7), 519–528. https://doi.org/10.1080/0264041031000071182

Mooney, M., Cormack, S., O’Brien, B., & Coutts, A. J. (2013). Do physical capacity and interchange rest periods influence match exercise-intensity profile in Australian football? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8(2), 165–172. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.2.165

Rampinini, E., Coutts, A. J., Castagna, C., Sassi, R., & Impellizzeri, F. M. (2007). Variation in top level soccer match performance. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(12), 1018–1024. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-965158

Reilly, B., Akubat, I., Lyons, M., & Collins, D. K. (2015). Match-play demands of elite youth gaelic football using global positioning system tracking. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(4), 989–996. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000714

Reilly, T., & Doran, D. (2001). Science and Gaelic football: A review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19(3), 181–193. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404101750095330

Reilly, T., & Keane, S. (2002). Estimation of physiological strain on Gaelic football players during match-play. In Science and Football IV (pp. 234–238).

Scott, M. T. U., Scott, T. J., & Kelly, V. G. (2016). The Validity and Reliability of Global Positioning Systems in Team Sport: A Brief Review. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(5), 1470–1490. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001221

Veugelers, K. R., Young, W. B., Fahrner, B., & Harvey, J. T. (2016). Different methods of training load quantification and their relationship to injury and illness in elite Australian football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19(1), 24–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2015.01.001

Waldron, M., & Highton, J. (2014). Fatigue and pacing in high-intensity intermittent team sport: An update. Sports Medicine, 44(12), 1645–1658. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0230-6

Wehbe, G., Hartwig, T., & Duncan, C. (2014). Movement analysis of Australian national league soccer players using global positioning system technology. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28, 834–842. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a35dd1

Young, W. B., Hepner, J., & Robbins, D. W. (2012). Movement demands in Australian Rules football as indicators of muscle damage. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(2), 492–496. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318225a1c4




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.144.01





License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/