Aerobic training with rhythmic functional movement: Influence on cardiopulmonary function, functional movement and Quality of life in the elderly women
Keywords:Aerobic exercise, Cardiopulmonary function, Functional movement, Elderly women
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of rhythm of aerobic exercise in elderly women. Thirty subjects were randomly divided into two groups: The aerobic exercise with rhythm (experimental group, n=15) and aerobic exercise without rhythm (control group, n=15). All subjects performed aerobic exercise composed of functional movements. During the exercise, control group subjects were performed the functional movement exercise only to the beat without music or rhythm and experimental group subjects were performed the functional movement exercise to the rhythm of the music. All subjects performed exercise for 50 minutes, twice a week, total of 8 weeks. The forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) were measured. Functional movements were assessed using FMS (Functional Movement Screen). Quality of life (QOL) were assessed using SF-36. Evaluation was performed before and after 8 weeks of exercise and one month later for follow-up. The FVV, FVC1, MVV, FMS, and SF-36 have shown a significant difference in time as a result of the two-way repeated-measures analysis. The post mean change of FVC1, MVV, FMS, and SF-36 were significantly different between groups. In this study, aerobic exercise, which is composed of rhythmic functional movement, helped improve functional movement and QOL for the elderly women. When the experimental group and the control group were compared, the improvement of the experimental group with music and rhythm was more positive than the exercise using the same functional movement.
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