Aerobic training with rhythmic functional movement: Influence on cardiopulmonary function, functional movement and Quality of life in the elderly women

Yu-Jin Shim, Ho-Suk Choi, Won-Seob Shin

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of rhythm of aerobic exercise in elderly women. Thirty subjects were randomly divided into two groups: The aerobic exercise with rhythm (experimental group, n=15) and aerobic exercise without rhythm (control group, n=15). All subjects performed aerobic exercise composed of functional movements. During the exercise, control group subjects were performed the functional movement exercise only to the beat without music or rhythm and experimental group subjects were performed the functional movement exercise to the rhythm of the music. All subjects performed exercise for 50 minutes, twice a week, total of 8 weeks. The forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) were measured. Functional movements were assessed using FMS (Functional Movement Screen). Quality of life (QOL) were assessed using SF-36. Evaluation was performed before and after 8 weeks of exercise and one month later for follow-up. The FVV, FVC1, MVV, FMS, and SF-36 have shown a significant difference in time as a result of the two-way repeated-measures analysis. The post mean change of FVC1, MVV, FMS, and SF-36 were significantly different between groups. In this study, aerobic exercise, which is composed of rhythmic functional movement, helped improve functional movement and QOL for the elderly women. When the experimental group and the control group were compared, the improvement of the experimental group with music and rhythm was more positive than the exercise using the same functional movement.


Keywords

Aerobic exercise; Cardiopulmonary function; Functional movement; Elderly women

References

Alkatan, M., Baker, J. R., Machin, D. R., Park, W., Akkari, A. S., Pasha, E. P., & Tanaka, H. (2016). Improved function and reduced pain after swimming and cycling training in patients with osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol, 666-672. https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.151110

Brooks, D., & Stark, A. (1989). The effect of dance/movement therapy on affect: A pilot study. Am J Dance Ther, 11(2), 101-112. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00843774

Bullo, V., Bergamin, M., Gobbo, S., Sieverdes, J., Zaccaria, M., Neunhaeuserer, D., & Ermolao, A. (2015). The effects of Pilates exercise training on physical fitness and wellbeing in the elderly: a systematic review for future exercise prescription. Prev Med, 75, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.03.002

Chan, L., Chin, L. M., Kennedy, M., Woolstenhulme, J. G., Nathan, S. D., Weinstein, A. A., . . . Lamberti, J. (2013). Benefits of intensive treadmill exercise training on cardiorespiratory function and quality of life in patients with pulmonary hypertension. Chest, 143(2), 333-343. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.12-0993

DeFina, L. F., Haskell, W. L., Willis, B. L., Barlow, C. E., Finley, C. E., Levine, B. D., & Cooper, K. H. (2015). Physical activity versus cardiorespiratory fitness: two (partly) distinct components of cardiovascular health? Prog Cardiovasc Dis, 57(4), 324-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2014.09.008

Earhart, G. M. (2009). Dance as therapy for individuals with Parkinson disease. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med, 45(2), 231.

Eggenberger, P., Wolf, M., Schumann, M., & de Bruin, E. D. (2016). Exergame and balance training modulate prefrontal brain activity during walking and enhance executive function in older adults. Front Aging Neurosci, 8, 66. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2016.00066

Eyigor, S., Karapolat, H., Durmaz, B., Ibisoglu, U., & Cakir, S. (2009). A randomized controlled trial of Turkish folklore dance on the physical performance, balance, depression and quality of life in older women. Arch Gerontol Geriatr, 48(1), 84-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2007.10.008

Franco, M. R., Tong, A., Howard, K., Sherrington, C., Ferreira, P. H., Pinto, R. Z., & Ferreira, M. L. (2015). Older people's perspectives on participation in physical activity: a systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative literature. Br J Sports Med, bjsports-2014-094015. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-094015

Fujioka, T., Dawson, D. R., Wright, R., Honjo, K., Chen, J. L., Chen, J. J., . . . Ross, B. (2018). The effects of music‐supported therapy on motor, cognitive, and psychosocial functions in chronic stroke. Ann N Y Acad Sci. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.13706

Goel, A., Goyal, M., Singh, R., Verma, N., & Tiwari, S. (2015). Diurnal variation in peak expiratory flow and forced expiratory volume. J Clin Diagn Res, 9(10), CC05. https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2015/15156.6661

Grocke, D., Bloch, S., & Castle, D. (2009). The effect of group music therapy on quality of life for participants living with a severe and enduring mental illness. J Music Ther, 46(2), 90-104. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmt/46.2.90

Han, C.-W., Lee, E.-J., Iwaya, T., Kataoka, H., & Kohzuki, M. (2004). Development of the Korean version of Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey: health related QOL of healthy elderly people and elderly patients in Korea. Tohoku J Exp Med, 203(3), 189-194. https://doi.org/10.1620/tjem.203.189

Heiberger, L., Maurer, C., Amtage, F., Mendez-Balbuena, I., Schulte-Mönting, J., Hepp-Reymond, M.-C., & Kristeva, R. (2011). Impact of a weekly dance class on the functional mobility and on the quality of life of individuals with Parkinson's disease. Front Aging Neurosci, 3, 14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2011.00014

Hwang, R., Bruning, J., Morris, N., Mandrusiak, A., & Russell, T. (2015). A systematic review of the effects of telerehabilitation in patients with cardiopulmonary diseases. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev, 35(6), 380-389. https://doi.org/10.1097/HCR.0000000000000121

Jin, K., Simpkins, J. W., Ji, X., Leis, M., & Stambler, I. (2015). The critical need to promote research of aging and aging-related diseases to improve health and longevity of the elderly population. Aging Aging Dis, 6(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.14336/AD.2014.1210

Juenger, J., Schellberg, D., Kraemer, S., Haunstetter, A., Zugck, C., Herzog, W., & Haass, M. (2002). Health related quality of life in patients with congestive heart failure: comparison with other chronic diseases and relation to functional variables. Heart, 87(3), 235-241. https://doi.org/10.1136/heart.87.3.235

Kang, Y., Steele, B. G., Burr, R. L., & Dougherty, C. M. (2018). Mortality in Advanced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Heart Failure Following Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation. Biol Res Nurs, 20(4), 429-439. https://doi.org/10.1177/1099800418772346

Mitchell, U. H., Johnson, A. W., Vehrs, P. R., Feland, J. B., & Hilton, S. C. (2016). Performance on the Functional Movement Screen in older active adults. J Sport Health Sci, 5(1), 119-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2015.04.006

Myers, J., McAuley, P., Lavie, C. J., Despres, J.-P., Arena, R., & Kokkinos, P. (2015). Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness as major markers of cardiovascular risk: their independent and interwoven importance to health status. Prog Cardiovasc Dis, 57(4), 306-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2014.09.011

Read, S., Grundy, E., & Foverskov, E. (2016). Socio-economic position and subjective health and well-being among older people in Europe: a systematic narrative review. Aging Ment Health, 20(5), 529-542. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2015.1023766

Shimizu, N., Umemura, T., Matsunaga, M., & Hirai, T. (2017). Effects of movement music therapy with a percussion instrument on physical and frontal lobe function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment: a randomized controlled trial. Aging Ment Health, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2017.1379048

Sin, N. L., Yaffe, K., & Whooley, M. A. (2015). Depressive symptoms, cardiovascular disease severity, and functional status in older adults with coronary heart disease: the heart and soul study. J Am Geriatr Soc, 63(1), 8-15. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.13188

Ware Jr, J. E., & Gandek, B. (1998). Overview of the SF-36 health survey and the international quality of life assessment (IQOLA) project. J Clin Epidemiol, 51(11), 903-912. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0895-4356(98)00081-X

Yeh, S.-H., Lin, L.-W., Chuang, Y. K., Liu, C.-L., Tsai, L.-J., Tsuei, F.-S., . . . Yang, K. D. (2015). Effects of music aerobic exercise on depression and brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in community dwelling women. Biomed Res Int, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/135893

Young, H.-J., Herman, C., Mehta, T., Vitemb, A., & Rimmer, J. (2017). Movement-to-Music Program Improves Physical Function and Sleep Quality in Multiple Sclerosis: A Three-Arm RCT. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 98(10), 8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2017.08.023




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.144.04





License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/