The effect of special force training on the development of biomechanical variables for running raising awareness during the performance on the jumping table


  • Zinah Abdul Salam Abdul Razzaq University of Baghdad, Iraq
  • Ahmed Sebeaatea Almujamay University of Baghdad, Iraq
  • Hameed Ahmed Mohammed Almojamay University of Tikrit, Iraq



Foot scanner, Approximate rotation, Elevated force, Elevation, Video filming


The strength training greatly affect the speed of motor performance, especially the stage of the performance of the raft and the upgrade, where the player needs to force the moment of elevation to pass the jump platform, and must be based on these exercises based on real indicators based on scientific results to know the nature of this power of the player and its impact on The length of the step of the glove during the moment of elevation to pass the plate of advancement, through sweating on the nature of the power of the initial hula the last three steps and hitting the plate of the advancement can be used (Foot scan) to determine this strength and corrected foot position and areas of pressure taken to develop this Thus enabling the effect of mechanical variables and achieving good performance of these skills. The researcher was keen to measure these forces through the use of a foot scanner and the extraction of kinematic variables for the skill of the Arab jump, especially the rough stage and the advancement through video photography and kinetic analysis and the preparation of special exercises to develop these variables in order to solve This problem was imposed by the researcher. There are no statistically significant differences between the tribal and remote tests in the indices of the foot scan and the kinetics and the strength of the Tsukahara skill of the Round Off Back tuck (Tsukahara) on the jumping platform. The research on the sample of the research on the players of the national junior team for the ages (11-13) years (6) players was extracted and the value of (T) between the results of tribal and remote tests and concluded the researcher. The effectiveness of the exercises in the training curriculum in the improvement of the rounder and upgrade according to the indices (Foot scan) and kinetic in the performance of the round off back tuck (Tsukahara) on the jump platform, and worked to reduce the deviation of the foot from the real path of the approximate run, which helps the economy time and effort and reduce Distance and skill development.


Download data is not yet available.


Mohammed Shehata.(1992).Gymnastics in skill analysis, Knowledge House, Alexandria, p.43.

Ford, P., De Ste Croix, M., Lloyd, R., Meyers, R., Moosavi, M., Oliver, J., ... & Williams, C. (2011). The long-term athlete development model: Physiological evidence and application. Journal of sports sciences, 29(4), 389-402.

Bencke, J., Damsgaard, R., Sækmose, A., Jørgensen, P., Jørgensen, K., & Klausen, K. (2002). Anaerobic power and muscle strength characteristics of 11 years old elite and non‐elite boys and girls from gymnastics, team handball, tennis and swimming. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 12(3), 171-178.

Sands, A., Friemel, F., Stone, M. H., & Cooke, C. B. (2006). Any effect of gymnastics training on upper-body and lower-body aerobic and power components in national and international male gymnasts?. Journal of strength and Conditioning Research, 20(4), 899-907.

Bradshaw, E. J., & Rossignol, P. L. (2004). Gymnastics: Anthropometric and biomechanical field measures of floor and vault ability in 8 to 14 year old talent‐selected Gymnasts. Sports Biomechanics, 3(2), 249-262.

Bradshaw, E., Thomas, K., Moresi, M., Greene, D., Braybon, W., McGillivray, K., & Andrew, K. (2014). Biomechanical field test observations of gymnasts entering puberty.

Bale, P., & Goodway, J. (1990). Performance variables associated with the competitive gymnast. Sports Medicine, 10(3), 139-145.

Kums, T., Ereline, J., Gapeyeva, H., & Paasuke, M. (2005). Vertical jumping performance in young rhythmic gymnasts. Biology of sport, 22(3), 237.

Atiković, A. (2012). New regression models to evaluate the relationship between biomechanics of gymnastic vault and initial vault difficulty values. Journal of human kinetics, 35(1), 119-126.

Essam El-Din Abd al-Khaliq.(2005). sports training theories and applications, i 1, facility knowledge, Alexandria.

Dinyman, G.B. &Etal.(1998). Sports speed, 2add. Champin, lily human Kinetics. USA.

Saeb Attia al-Obeidi and others.(1991). biomechanics applied, Mosul, Book House Printing and Publishing.

Kurz, T. (2001). Science of sports training: how to plan and control training for peak performance. Stadion.

Muslim BadrAwad Al-Mayah, (2008), November, Jumping Mechanics in the Gymnastics, a lecture published in the Iraqi Sports Academy.

Meylan, C., & Malatesta, D. (2009). Effects of in-season plyometric training within soccer practice on explosive actions of young players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 23(9), 2605-2613.

Serih Abdel Kareem.(2005). Advanced Studies in Biomechanics, Amman house thought for publication, p 85.

Alptekin, A., Kılıç, Ö., & Maviş, M. (2013). The effect of an 8-week plyometric training program on sprint and jumping performance. Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 7(2).

Ball, N. B., & Scurr, J. C. (2009). Bilateral neuromuscular and force differences during a plyometric task. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 23(5), 1433-1441.

Chimera, N. J., Swanik, K. A., Swanik, C. B., & Straub, S. J. (2004). Effects of plyometric training on muscle-activation strategies and performance in female athletes. Journal of athletic training, 39(1), 24.

Bobbert, M. F., Gerritsen, K. G., Litjens, M. C., & Van Soest, A. J. (1996). Why is countermovement jump height greater than squat jump height?. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 28, 1402-1412.

Nizar altaleb.(1982). Motion Analysis, Baghdad: Baghdad University printing, p10.

Sharm,(1995). Speed, take off - Hand - push off abilities in gymnastics Vaulting, A biomechanical study, Nis scientific journal (Patiala), p190.

Mohamed Ibrahim Shehata.(1989). guidebook of floor exersice Gymnastics and vault table, Alexandria, The Technical Printing and Publishing.


Statistics RUA



How to Cite

Razzaq, Z. A. S. A., Almujamay, A. S., & Almojamay, H. A. M. (2019). The effect of special force training on the development of biomechanical variables for running raising awareness during the performance on the jumping table. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(4proc), S458-S468.