Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Comparison of lower limb muscle activation according to horizontal whole-body vibration frequency and knee angle

Yeonkyeong Kang, Suho Park, Donggeon Lee, SunHae Song, Myong-Ryol Choi, GyuChang Lee



Whole-body vibration refers to an exercise that stimulates the muscles, using a vibration with an amplitude and power, however, there are few studies that have dealt with fundamental questions such as optimal frequency or body position. This study aims to compare lower limb activation, according to horizontal whole-body vibration frequency and knee flexion angle, in healthy adults. Using 18 healthy adults aged 21–30, this study measured and analysed the activities of the vastus lateralis (VL), biceps femoris (BF), tibialis anterior (TA), and gastrocnemius (GCM) muscles, for different horizontal whole-body vibration frequencies (0 Hz, 2 Hz, and 4 Hz) and knee flexion angles (0°, 30°, and 60°), using surface electromyography (sEMG). There was a statistically significant increase in lower limb muscle activation according to horizontal whole-body vibration frequency and knee flexion angle: comparing muscle activation with frequency, the muscle activation of VL, BF, TA, and GCM increased with increase in frequency (p<0.05). The muscle activation of VL and TA increased with increase in knee flexion angle (p<0.05). In this study, it was observed that for whole-body vibration provided in a horizontal direction, larger the frequency and higher the knee flexion angle, greater the lower limb activation.


Whole-body vibration; Muscle activation; Frequency; Knee flexion angle


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