Relationship between shoulder complex strength and throwing velocity in club cricketers


  • Rucia Vern-Clare November University of the Western Cape, South Africa
  • Lloyd Llewellyn Leach University of the Western Cape, South Africa



Cricket, Arm speed, Muscle force


Cricket is a game of immense physical prowess requiring high levels of fitness and skill. Purpose: The aim of this study focused on examining the relationship between shoulder concentric strength and throwing velocity amongst club cricketers. Method: The study used a quantitative, cross-sectional design. A convenient sample of 40 male university cricketers was tested. Shoulder concentric strength was measured at 60º•sec-1 and 90º•sec-1 using an isokinetic dynamometer. Throwing velocity was measured using a Speed Gun. Results: Significant correlations were found between peak torque during concentric internal rotation at 60º•sec-1 and maximal throwing velocity for the first team (r = 0.72; p = 0.01), second team (r = 0.67; p = 0.03), third team (r = 0.73; p = 0.01) and fourth team (r = 0.69; p = 0.02). The correlation between strength ratio at 60º•sec-1 and maximal throwing velocity was also significant for the first team (r = 0.76; p = 0.01), second team (r = 0.83; p = 0.002), third team (r = 0.70; p = 0.02) and fourth team (r = 0.94; p = 0.0001). Conclusion: The shoulder concentric internal rotators play a significant role in throwing velocity of club cricketers.



National Research Foundation


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How to Cite

November, R. V.-C., & Leach, L. L. (2020). Relationship between shoulder complex strength and throwing velocity in club cricketers. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(1), 67–78.



Performance Analysis of Sport