Identifying the underlying factors affecting the development of participation of student sport in Iran


  • Mehdi Nasiri Khouzani Islamic Azad University, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Shahram Aroufzad Farhangian University, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Mohammad Ali Nadi Islamic Azad University, Iran, Islamic Republic of


Participation, Student sport, Development, Health, Dynamism


The purpose of this study was to identify the underlying factors that have an effect on the development of participation of student sport in Iran. The research method is qualitative and with Grounded Theory approach and it is inductive and exploratory. The research area consisted of 20 experts in sport management and student sport. The sampling method used a snowball based on the theoretical approach and continued until the categories reached theoretical saturation. The research tool was in-depth and exploratory semi-structured interviews. The validity of the findings was determined by matching methods by peer members and experimental interviews. Data were analysed using open, axial and selective coding using MAXQDA 2018 software. According to the results of the research, the underlying factors that have an effect on the development of participation of student sport were identified and extracted in nine main categories including community dynamism, synergy, financing, provide education, program-oriented activities, social capital, promoting participation culture, role-playing of managers, extracurricular activities in the field of student sport. Thus, student sport policymakers can use the concepts, components, and categories identified in their future plans to promote the status of school sports, especially in the international arena, and promote community health and to have a healthy and dynamic lifestyle, as well as the synergy of organizations and institutions to promote student sport.


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How to Cite

Khouzani, M. N., Aroufzad, S., & Nadi, M. A. (2020). Identifying the underlying factors affecting the development of participation of student sport in Iran. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(2proc), S379-S392. Retrieved from