Movement quality evaluation through the functional movement screen in 12- and 13-year-old secondary-school adolescents
Keywords:Physical education, Movement patterns, Motor competence
Introduction: The achievement of an optimal level of functional parameters by schoolchildren is essential to acquire appropriate motor competence to perform any sport or daily-life activity without difficulty. Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the quality of movement in adolescents using the Functional Movement Screen Test (FMS). Method: 35 schoolchildren between 12 and 13 years old (24 girls and 11 boys) participated in this cross-sectional, descriptive and comparative study. The FMS battery test, consisting of seven tasks of specific movement patterns (deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raises, trunk stability push-up, rotary stability), was applied to evaluate the quality of movement. Results: Girls presented better quality of movement than boys, with an average global score of 16 points, compared to 15 of boys, without significant differences between them. In both girls and boys, the stability variable (hurdle step) showed the highest scores, while the in-line lunge was the test that presented the worst values. After the hurdle step, girls presented the highest values in rotary stability, while boys did in trunk stability. Conclusions: In general, the adolescents presented an acceptable level of movement quality, but would require compensatory exercises to reduce certain imbalances and asymmetries found.
FundingDepartment of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain.
Abraham, A., Sannasi, R., & Nair, R. (2015). Normative values for the functional movement screentm in adolescent school aged children. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 10(1), 29.
Anderson, B. E., Neumann, M. L., & Bliven, K. C. H. (2015). Functional movement screen differences between male and female secondary school athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(4), 1098-1106. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000000733
Bonazza, N. A., Smuin, D., Onks, C. A., Silvis, M. L., & Dhawan, A. (2017). Reliability, validity, and injury predictive value of the functional movement screen: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(3), 725-732. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546516641937
Cook, G., Burton, L., & Hoogenboom, B. (2006a). Pre-participation screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function - part 1. North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy: NAJSPT, 1(2), 62.
Cook, G., Burton, L., & Hoogenboom, B. (2006b). Pre-participation screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function - part 2. North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy: NAJSPT, 1(3), 132–9.
Cook, G. (2010). Movement: Functional movement systems: Screening, assessment, corrective strategies. Book Baby.
Díaz, J., Salazar, W., & Morera-Castro, M. (2013). Diseño y validación de un instrumento para la evaluación de patrones básicos de movimiento. Motricidad [Design and validation of an instrument for the evaluation of basic movement patterns. Motricity]. European Journal of Human Movement, 31(0), 87-97.
Dorrel, B. S., Long, T., Shaffer, S., & Myer, G. D. (2015). Evaluation of the Functional Movement Screen as an Injury Prediction Tool Among Active Adult Populations. Sports Health, 7(6), 53-59. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738115607445
Fernández-Pino, J. A., Figueroa-Contreras, D. E., Garcés-Mondría, F. I., Montalva Purcell, B., Olivares, N., & Alonso, R. (2017). Calidad de movimiento evaluado a través del Test FMS en estudiantes de primer año de la carrera de Educación Física durante el año 2016 (Doctoral dissertation, Universidad Andrés Bello). http://repositorio.unab.cl/xmlui/handle/ria/3191
García Cantó, E. (2010). Niveles de actividad física habitual en escolares de 10 a 12 años de la Región de Murcia (Doctoral dissertation, Universidad de Murcia).
García-Jaén, M., Sellés-Pérez, S., Cortell-Tormo, J., Férriz-Valero, A., & Cejuela, R. (2018). Evaluación de los patrones de movimiento fundamentales en niños: comparación de género en escolares de Educación Primaria (Assessment of fundamental movement patterns in children: a gender comparison on Primary School students). Retos, 0(34), 282-286. Retrieved from https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/retos/article/view/65097
García-Pinillos, F. G., Montilla, J. A. P., Seruendo, L. E. R., Floody, P. D., Salazar, C. M., & Román, P. Á. L. (2019). ¿Do age and sex influence on functional movement in school-age children? Retos: nuevas tendencias en educación física, deporte y recreación, (35), 97-100.
Gioscia, G., Beretervide, S., Bermúdez, G., & Quagliatta, D. (2017). Valoración de la condición física en estudiantes de Secundaria de Montevideo y Área Metropolitana, Uruguay. Revista Universitaria de la Educación Física y el Deporte, (10), 8-15. https://doi.org/10.28997/ruefd.v0i10.107
Hammes, D., Aus der Fünten, K., Bizzini, M., & Meyer, T. (2016). Injury prediction in veteran football players using the Functional Movement Screen™. Journal of sports sciences, 34(14), 1371-1379. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1152390
Mielgo-Ayuso, J., Aparicio-Ugarriza, R., Castillo, A., Ruiz, E., Ávila, J. M., Aranceta-Batrina, J., & González-Gross, M. (2016). Physical activity patterns of the Spanish population are mostly determined by sex and age: findings in the ANIBES Study. PloS One, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149969
Roman, B., Serra-Majem, L., Ribas-Barba, L., Pérez-Rodrigo, C. & Aranceta, J. (2008). How many children and adolescents in Spain comply with the recommendations on physical activity? J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 48(3), 380-7.
Ruiz Pérez, L. M. (2000). Aprender a serincompetenteeneducaciónfísica: unenfoquepsicosocial. Apunts. Educación física y Deportiva, 60, 20- 25.
Valdes, P., & Yanci Irigoyen, J. (2016). Análisis de la condición física, tipo de actividad física realizada y rendimiento académico en estudiantes de educación secundaria (Analysis of physical fitness, type of physical activity and academic performance in secondary school students). Retos, 0(30), 64-69. Retrieved from https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/retos/article/view/36862
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.