A 30-min test applied to stand-up paddleboarding: A pilot study


  • Henrique P. Neiva University of Beira Interior, Portugal http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9283-312X
  • Luís B. Faíl University of Beira Interior, Portugal
  • Daniel A. Marinho University of Beira Interior, Portugal


SUP, Performance, Biomechanics, Anaerobic threshold


The popularity of stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) has grown in recent decades, but little is known about SUP training and performance. The current pilot study aimed to analyse performance, biomechanical, and physiological variables during a 30-min all-out test. After a 10-min warm-up, one experienced male paddler(28years) performed a maximal 30-min SUP test wearing a Garmin Fénix 3 HR (Taipei, Taiwan) device. A total distance of 3.70 km was performed, with a mean speed of 2.19 ± 0.32 m.s-1, 52.63 ± 2.62 strokes per minute, and 2.39 ± 0.39 m per stroke. The mean heart rate (HR) was 160.78 ± 3.18 bpm, which corresponded to 85.34% (CI95%: 83.69, 85.69%) of maximal HR, and it was maintained throughout the 30-min test (coefficient of variation [CV]: 1.98%). The stroke rate was more stable throughout the test than the distance per stroke (CV: 4.98% vs. 16.20%). Significant relationships were found between speed and distance per stroke (r = -0.80, p < .001), but not between speed and stroke rate (r = 0.03, p = .75). The 30-min test was found to represent intensity of around 85% of maximal HR. The speed was negatively correlated with the distance per stroke during the test, thus suggesting that decreased distance per stroke will increase the paddling speed at constant intensities.


Download data is not yet available.


Balikian, P., Marinho, A. H., de Araujo, G. G., Prado, E. S., Mendes, E. V., & Geraldes, A. A. R. (2020). Anaerobic Threshold in Stand-up Paddle: Comparison Between Direct and Alternative Methods. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003718

Bancks, M., & Shorter, K. (2018). Upper Body Kinematic Analysis of the Paddling Stroke in Female Recreational Stand-up Paddle Boarders. ISBS Proceedings Archive, 36(1), 406.

Castañeda-Babarro, A., Santos-Concejero, J., Viribay, A., Gutiérrez-Santamaría, B., & Mielgo-Ayuso, J. (2020). The Effect of Different Cadence on Paddling Gross Efficiency and Economy in Stand-Up Paddle Boarding. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(13), 4893. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134893

Costa, M. J., Bragada, J. A., Marinho, D. A., Silva, A. J., & Barbosa, T. M. (2012). Longitudinal interventions in elite swimming: a systematic review based on energetics, biomechanics, and performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(7), 2006-2016. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318257807f

Cunniffe, B., Proctor, W., Baker, J. S., & Davies, B. (2009). An Evaluation of the Physiological Demands of Elite Rugby Union Using Global Positioning System Tracking Software. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(4), 1195-1203. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a3928b

Dekerle, J., Sidney, M., Hespel, J. M., & Pelayo, P. (2002). Validity and reliability of critical speed, critical stroke rate, and anaerobic capacity in relation to front crawl swimming performances. International journal of sports medicine, 23(02), 93-98. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2002-20125

Gastin, P. B. (2001). Energy system interaction and relative contribution during maximal exercise. Sports medicine, 31(10), 725-741. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200131100-00003

Ruess, C., Kristen, K. H., Eckelt, M., Mally, F., Litzenberger, S., & Sabo, A. (2013a); Activity of Trunk and Leg Muscles during Stand up Paddle Surfing. Procedia Engineering, 60, 57-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.07.031

Ruess, C., Kristen, K. H., Eckelt, M., Mally, F., Litzenberger, S., & Sabo, A. (2013b). Stand up Paddle Surfing-An Aerobic Workout and Balance Training. Procedia Engineering, 60, 62-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.07.032

Schram, B. L., Hing, W. A., Climstein, M., & Furness, J. W. (2017). A Performance Analysis of a Stand-Up Paddle Board Marathon Race. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(6), 1552-1556. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001707

Schram, B., Furness, J., Kemp-Smith, K., Sharp, J., Cristini, M., Harvie, D., ... & Becker, M. (2019). A biomechanical analysis of the stand-up paddle board stroke: a comparative study. PeerJ, 7, e8006. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8006

Schram, B., Hing, W., & Climstein, M. (2015). Profiling the sport of stand-up paddle boarding. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(10), 937-944. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2015.1079331

Schram, B., Hing, W., & Climstein, M. (2016a). Laboratory-and field-based assessment of maximal aerobic power of elite stand-up paddle-board athletes. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11(1), 28-32. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2015-0076

Schram, B., Hing, W., & Climstein, M. (2016b). The physiological, musculoskeletal and psychological effects of stand up paddle boarding. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13102-016-0057-6

Sealey, R. M., Ness, K. F., & Leicht, A. S. (2011). Effect of self-selected and induced slow and fast paddling on atroke kinematics during 1000 m outrigger canoeing ergometry. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 10(1), 52-58.

Suari, Y., Schram, B., Ashkenazi, A., Gann-Perkal, H., Berger, L., Reznikov, M., … Kodesh, E. (2018). The Effect of Environmental Conditions on the Physiological Response during a Stand-Up Paddle Surfing Session. Sports, 6(2), 25. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6020025

Tanaka, H., Monahan, K. D., & Seals, D. R. (2001). Age-predicted maximal heart rate revisited. Journal of the american college of cardiology, 37(1), 153-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0735-1097(00)01054-8

Yukawa, H., Iino, M., & Fujiwara, T. (2015). Estimation and Visualization of Paddling Effort for Stand Up Paddle Boarding with a Geographical Information System. Procedia Engineering, 112, 552-555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.07.243



How to Cite

Neiva, H. P., Faíl, L. B., & Marinho, D. A. (2020). A 30-min test applied to stand-up paddleboarding: A pilot study. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(4proc), S1387-S1393. Retrieved from https://www.jhse.ua.es/article/view/2020-v15-n4-proc-30-min-test-stand-up-paddleboarding-pilot-study