Gender differences in technical-tactical behaviour of La Liga Spanish football teams
The aim of this study was to identify differences in technical-tactical behaviour between the men and women first division football teams of the Spanish league, to this end 68 matches corresponding to 2016/17 season were analysed. A comparative analysis of the medians was carried out using the Mann-Whitney U-tests were conducted as post hoc tests. The size effect of this test was calculated and, finally, we performed a grouping of the variables through the clustering bootstrapping technique in both groups. We have detected statistically significant differences (p < .01) regarding all accurate passes, in favour of men, as well as a greater number of yellow cards. In female football, a greater number of picking up free balls, interceptions, lost balls, recoveries and challenges are produced. Finally, in women's football a greater number of attacks are also carried out, both positional and counterattacks than in men. The clustering analysis allowed us to identify that in male football, the circumstance of receiving a red card is closely related to the number of goals conceded and most of the shots on goal are achieved by positional attacks. In the case of women's football, ball possession on own half is closely related to the number of losses. Data proves the existence of technical-tactical differences between male and female football of the La Liga teams. Such detailed analysis could be useful for gender-specific training information for optimal preparation. However, more research is warranted to establish the main gender differences and characterize women's football.
Akalin, T., Gümüş, M., Göktepe, M., Acar, H., & Tutkun, E. (2016). Cerebral Laterality of Women Soccer’s. International Journal of Academic Research, 8(5), 48-52. https://doi.org/10.7813/2075-4124.2016/8-5/B.8
Althoff, K., Kroiher, J., & Hennig, E. M. (2010). A soccer game analysis of two World Cups: playing behavior between elite female and male soccer players. Footwear Science, 2(1), 51-56. https://doi.org/10.1080/19424281003685686
Anderson, H., Randers, M., Heiner-Moller, A., Krustrup, P., & Mohr, M. (2010). Elite female soccer players perform more high-intensity running when playing in international games compared with domestic league games. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(4), 912-919. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d09f21
A.P.A. (2010). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct.
Bangsbo, J., Norregaard, L., & Thorso, F. (1991). Activity profile of competition soccer. Canadian journal of sport sciences, 16, 110-116.
Barfield, W., Kirkendal, D., & Yu, B. (2002). Kinematic instep kicking differences between elite female and male soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences and Medicine, 3(1), 72-79. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200105001-00576
Belmont Report, T. (1978). Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research. (The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research). Washintton.
Bloomfield, J. R., Polman, R. C. J., & O´Donoghue, P. G. (2005). Effects of score-line on intensity of play in midfield and forward players in the FA Premier League. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23, 191-192.
Bradley, P. S., Dellal, A., Mohr, M., Castellano, J., & Wilkie, A. (2014). Gender differences in match performance characteristics of soccer players competing in the UEFA Champions League. Human Movement Science, 33, 159-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2013.07.024
Carling, C., Williams, A. M., & Reilly, T. (2005). Handbook of soccer match analysis: A systematic approach to improving performance. Abingdon UK: Routledge.
Casal, C.A., Losada, J. L., Maneiro, R., & Ardá, T. (2017). Influencia táctica del resultado parcial en los saques de esquina en fútbol / Influence of Match Status on Corner Kick in Elite Soccer. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, 68(2017). https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.68.009
Casal, Claudio A., Losada, J. L., & Ardá, T. (2015). Análisis de los factores de rendimiento de las transiciones ofensivas en el fútbol de alto nivel. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 24(1), 103-110.
Casella, G., & Berger, R. . (2002). Statistical Inference (2nd Edition). Pacific Grove: Duxbury Press.
Castellano, J., Casamichana, D., & Lago, C. (2012). The Use of Match Statistics that Discriminate Between Successful and Unsuccessful Soccer Teams. Journal of Human Kinetics, 31(1). https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-012-0015-7
Efron, B., & Tibshirani, R. (1993). An Introduction To The Bootstrap. En Journal of the American Statistical Association (Vol. 89, p. 436). https://doi.org/10.2307/2291020
Gignac, G. E., & Szodorai, E. T. (2016). Effect size guidelines for individual differences researchers. Personality and Individual Differences, 102, 74-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.06.069
Gómez, M., Álvaro, J., & Barriopedro, M. (2009). Patrón de actuación en las acciones de finalización en el fútbol masculino y femenino. Kronos, VIII(14), 5-14.
Hjelm, J. (2011). The bad female football player: women’s football in Sweden. Soccer & Society, 12(2), 143-158. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2011.548352
Hoare, D., & Warr, C. . (2000). Talent identification and women’s soccer: an Australian experience. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(9), 751-758. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410050120122
Hook, C., & Hughes, M. (2001). Patterns of play leading to shots in ‘euro 2000’. In Pass.com. UWIC.
James, N., Jones, P. D., & Mellalieu, S. . (2004). Possession as a performance indicator in soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 4, 98-102. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2004.11868295
Jiménez, C., Díaz, R., & Rodríguez, D. (2016). Análisis observacional de los saques de esquina y tiros libres indirectos en el fútbol femenino de alto nivel. Kronos, 15(2), 1-13.
Kjaer, J. B., & Agergaard, S. (2013). Understanding women’s professional soccer: the case of Denmark and Sweden. Soccer & Society, 14(6), 816-833. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2013.843915
Lago-Ballesteros, J., Lago-Peñas, C., & Rey, E. (2012). The effect of playing tactics and situational variables on achieving scorebox possessions in a professional soccer team. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30, 1455-1461. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.712715
Lago-Peñas, C., & Lago-Ballesteros, J. (2011). Game location and team quality effects on performance profiles in professional soccer. Journal of Systems Science and Medicine, 10(3), 465-471.
Lago-Peñas, C., Lago-Ballesteros, J., Dellal, A., & Gómez, M. (2010). Game-related statistics that discriminated winning, drawing and losing teams from the Spanish soccer league. Journal of Systems Science and Medicine, 9(2), 288-293.
LeFeuvre, A. ., Stephenson, E. ., & Walcott, S. . (2013). Football frenzy: The effect of the 2011 world cup on women’s professional soccer league attendance. Journal of Sports Economics, 14(4), 440-448. https://doi.org/10.1177/1527002513496012
Little, T., & Williams, A. (2005). Specificity of acceleration, maximum speed, and agility in professional soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(1), 76-78. https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200502000-00013
Liu, H., Gomez, M.-Á., Lago-Peñas, C., & Sampaio, J. (2015). Match statistics related to winning in the group stage of 2014 Brazil FIFA World Cup. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(12), 1205-1213. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2015.1022578
Liu, H., Hopkins, W., Gómez, M. ., & Molinuevo, J. S. (2013). Inter-operator reliability of live football match statistics from OPTA Sportsdata. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13(3), 803-821. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2013.11868690
Meier, H. ., Konjer, M., & Leinwather, M. (2016). The demand for women’s league soccer in Germany. European Sport Management Quarterly, 16(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2015.1109693
Meier, H. ., & Leinwather, M. (2012). Women as ‘armchair audience’? Evidence from German national team football. Sociology of Sport Journal, 29(3), 365-384. https://doi.org/10.1123/ssj.29.3.365
Miyamura, S., Susuma, S., & Hisauki, K. (1997). A time analysis of men’s and women’s soccer. Science and Football III, 251-257.
Mohr, M., Krustrup, P., Anderson, H., Kirkendal, D., & Bangsbo, J. (2008). Match activities of elite women soccer players at different performance levels. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2(22), 341-349. https://doi.org/0.1519/JSC.0b013e318165fef6
Mohr, M., Krustrup, P., & Bangsbo, J. (2003). Match performance of high standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21, 519-528. https://doi.org/10.1080/0264041031000071182
Pollard, R., & Gómez, M. A. (2014). Comparison of home advantage in men’s and women’s football leagues in Europe. European Journal of Sport Science, 14(1), 77-83. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2011.651490
Suzuki, R., & Shimodaira, H. (2006). Pvclust: an R package for assessing the uncertainty in hierarchical clustering. Bioinformatics, 22(12), 1540-1542. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btl117
Taylor, J. B., Mellalieu, S. ., James, N., & Shearer, D. A. (2008). The influence of match location, quality of opposition, and match status on technical performance in professional association football. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(9), 885-895. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410701836887
Tenga, A., Holme, I., Ronglan, L. T., & Bahr, R. (2010a). Effect of playing tactics on achieving score-box possessions in a random series of team possessions from Norwegian professional soccer matches. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(3), 245-255. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903502766
Tenga, A., Holme, I., Ronglan, L. T., & Bahr, R. (2010b). Effect of playing tactics on goal scoring in Norwegian professional soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(3), 237-244. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903502774
Tenga, A., Ronglan, L. T., & Bahr, R. (2010c). Measuring the effectiveness of offensive match-play in professional soccer. European Journal of Sport Science, 10(4), 269-277. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461390903515170
Unveren, A. (2015). Investigating Women Futsal and Soccer Players’ Acceleration, Speed and Agility Features. Anthropologist, 21, 361-365. https://doi.org/10.1080/09720073.2015.11891825
Wlodzimierz, S., Józef, B., & Andrzej, S. (2011). Movement symmetry and asymmetry of goal shots in female football at European championships and at World Cup. African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance, 17(4), 865-878.
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.