Personal characteristics supporting Paralympic athletes’ self-realization in sports
The purpose of this study was to investigate the personal characteristics supporting Paralympic athletes’ self-realization in sports. The study involved 106 members of the Paralympic and Deaflympic teams of Ukraine (16-53 year-old, the average age of 28.3 ± 7.2 years; 84 men with the average age of 27.7 ± 6.7 years and 22 women with the average age 30.3 ± 8.3 years) in different sports (football, fencing, power-lifting, sitting volleyball, judo, canoeing in pairs, swimming). It is determined that the most important personal factor supporting Paralympic athletes’ self-realization in sports is their psychological hardiness. Their self-efficacy, capacity for self-organization of their activities and psychological well-being can also be considered as significant personal characteristic necessary for their self-realization in sports.
Bardiovský, M., Píteková, R., Ondrušová, Z., & Gáliková, Z. (2013). Sport and Doing Sports by the Disabled Post-traumatic Return to “Surge Et Ambula” (Get up and Walk), “Per Aspera Ad Astra” (Through Hardship to the Stars). J Psychol Res, 3(2), 104-112. https://doi.org/10.17265/2159-5542/2013.02.005
Banack, H.R., Sabiston, C.M., & Bloom, G.A. (2011). Coach Autonomy Support, Basic Need Satisfaction, and Intrinsic Motivation of Paralympic Athletes. Res Q Exercise Sport, 82 (4), 722-730. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2011.10599809
Campbell, E., & Jones, G. (1994). Psychological Well-Being in Wheelchair Sport Participants and Nonparticipants. Adapt Phys Act Q, 11, 404-415. https://doi.org/10.1123/apaq.11.4.404
Cardoso, V., Haiachi, M., Reppold Filho, A., & Gaya, A. (2018). The Structural and Human Resources Support for Brazilian Paralympic athletes. J Hum Sport Exerc, 13(4), 873-883. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2018.134.14
Daďova, K. (2007). Introduction to Adapted Physical Activities. Prague: Charles University.
De la Vega, R., Galan, A., Ruiz, R. & Tejero, C. (2013). Estado de Animo Precompetitivo y Rendimiento Percibido en Boccia Paralimpica. J Hum Sport Exerc, 22(1). 39-45.
Dieffenbach, K.D., & Statler, T.A. (2012). More Similar than Different: The Psychological Environment of Paralympic Sport. Journal of Sport Psychol Act, 3(2), 109-118. https://doi.org/10.1080/21520704.2012.683322
Falcao, W., Bloom, G., & Loughead, T. (2015). Coaches’ Perceptions of Team Cohesion in Paralympic Sports. Adapt Phys Act Q, 32(3), 206-222. https://doi.org/10.1123/APAQ.2014-0122
Greenwood, C.M., Dzewaltowski, D.A., & French, R. (1990). Self-efficacy and Psychological Well-Being of Wheelchair Tennis Participants and Wheelchair Nontennis Participants. Adapt Phys Act Q, 7(1), 12-21. https://doi.org/10.1123/apaq.7.1.12
Huang, C., & Brittain, I. (2006). Negotiating Identities Through Disability. Sociol Sport J, 23(4), 352-375. https://doi.org/10.1123/ssj.23.4.352
Hanrahan, S. (2012). Athletes with disabilities. Handbook of Sport Psychology: 3rd Edition, 845-858. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118270011.ch38
Jefferies, P., Gallagher, P., & Dunne, S. (2012). The Paralympic Athlete: a Systematic Review of The Psychosocial Literature. Prosthet Orthot Int, 36(3), 278-289. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309364612450184
Karpoukhina, A., Kokun O., & Zeltser, M. (2008). Monitoring of Human Psychophysiological Condition as a Method of Increasing of Activity's Efficiency. In Conference Proceedings AHFE International Conference 14 - 17 July 2008 (pp. 254–264). Las Vegas, USA: USA Publishing.
Kehn, M., & Kroll, T. (2009). Staying Physically Active After Spinal Cord Injury: a Qualitative Exploration of Barriers and Facilitators to Exercise Participation. BMC Public Health, 9(168). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-168
Kokun, O., Korobeynikov, G., Mytskan, B., Cynarski, W.J., & Korobeynikova, L (2019). Applied aspects of improving pupils’ and students’ adaptive capacity. Ido Mov Culture J Martial Arts Anthropol, 19(3), 38 – 45. https://doi.org/10.14589/ido.19.3.5
Li, C., Lam, L. & Wu, Y. (2015). Sports-related Injuries in Chinese Paralympic Athletes. Eur J Adapt Phys Act, 8(2), 37-43. https://doi.org/10.5507/euj.2015.007
Martin, J., Malone, L., & Hilyer, J. (2011). Personality and Mood in Women’s Paralympic Basketball Champions. J Clin Sport Psychol, 5(3), 197-210. https://doi.org/10.1123/jcsp.5.3.197
Martin, J. (2012). Mental Preparation For The 2014 Winter Paralympic Games. Clin J Sport Med, 22(1), 70–73. https://doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0b013e31824204cc
Martin, J., Whalen, L. (2015). Effective Practices of Coaching Disability Sport. Eur J Adapt Phys Act, 7(2). 14-24. https://doi.org/10.5507/euj.2014.007
Omar-Fauzee, M.S., Manisah, M., Soh Kim, G., & Norazillah, I. (2010). The Participation Motive in the Paralympics. J Altern Perspect Soc Sci, 2(1), 250-272.
Panagiotou, A., Evaggelinou C., Doulkeridou, A., Mouratidou, K., & Koidou, I. (2008). Attitudes of 5th and 6th grade Greek students toward the inclusion of children with disabilities in physical education classes after a Paralympic education program. Eur J Adapt Phys Act, 1(2), 31-43. https://doi.org/10.5507/euj.2008.007
Pérez-Turpin, J. & Concepción, S.-L. (2010). Olympic Movement and Sports Research Phenomenon: A New Olympic Section. J Hum Sport Exerc, 5(1), 1-2 https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2010.51.01
Swanson, S., Colwell, T., & Zhao, Y. (2008). Motives for Participation and Importance of Social Support for Athletes with Physical Disabilities. J Clin Sport Psychol, 317–336. https://doi.org/10.1123/jcsp.2.4.317
Torralba Jordán, M., Vieira, M., & Rubio, M. (2017). Motives for the practicing sports of Spanish Paralympic athletes. Revista De Psicologia Del Deporte, 26(1), 49-60.
Wareham, Y., Burkett, B., Innes P., &. Lovell, G.P. (2017). Coaching Athletes With Disability: Preconceptions and Reality. Sport in Society, 20(9), 1185-1202. https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2016.1269084
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.