Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Analysis of motivation towards sports practice in students of Primary Education in Galicia: A descriptive study

Marcos Mecías-Calvo, Rubén Navarro-Patón, Pedro Josué Neira-Martín, Javier Rico-Díaz

Abstract

The current technological revolution has benefited the development of the human being. However, sedentary lifestyle has increased, and consequently, health problems, such as childhood obesity. The combination of physical activity with appropriate educational strategies are the most effective tools to fight against childhood obesity. But it is necessary to take into account the motivation towards the practice of physical exercise to generate the necessary adherence to generate healthy lifestyles and increase the effectiveness of the programs. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the reasons for sports practice of students in grades 5 and 6 of Primary Education according to gender and age in 4 Galician schools. 163 students between 10 and 12 years old, of which 80 were boys (49.07%) and 83 girls (50.07%) covered the questionnaire of the Self-Report of Motives for the Practice of Physical Exercise (AMPEF) and the results obtained showed differences statistically significant in the gender factor in weight and body image (p = .022), competition (p < .001), muscular strength and endurance (p = .001) and health urgency (p = .037). Schoolchildren show a motivation for the practice of activity influenced by weight and body image, competition, muscular strength and endurance, these motivations being greater in boys, and the urgency of health in girls.


Keywords

Motivation; Physical activity; Primary education; Health; AMPEF

References

Alba-Martín, R. (2016). Prevalence of childhood obesity & eating habits in primary education. Enfermeria Global, 15(2), 40–62. https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.15.2.212531

Aranceta-Bartrina, J., & Pérez-Rodrigo, C. (2018). Childhood Obesity: An Unresolved Issue. Revista Espanola de Cardiologia, 71(11), 888–891. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2018.04.038

Barbeira, S., Navarro, R., & Rodriguez, J.E. (2017). Hábitos deportivos y de actividad física en escolares de educación primaria en función de la edad y el género. Orientaciones desde del área de didáctica de la educación física. EmásF, Revista Digital de Educación Física, 44, 94-111.

Campo-Ternera, L., Herazo-Beltrán, Y., García-Puello, F., Suarez-Villa, M., Méndez, O., & Vásquez-De La Hoz, F. (2017). Healthy lifestyles of children and adolescents. Barranquilla (Col.) (Vol. 33). https://doi.org/10.14482/sun.33.3.10931

Capdevila, L., Niñerola, J., & Pintanel, M. (2004). Motivación y actividad física: el autoinforme de motivos para la práctica de ejercicio físico (AMPEF). Revista de Psicología Del Deporte, 13(1), 55–74.

Capdevila Ortís, L., Niñerola Maymí, J., Cruz Feliu, J., Losilla Vidal, J. M., Parrado Romero, E., Pintanel Bassets, M., … Vives Brosa, J. (2007). Exercise motivation in university community members: A behavioural intervention. Psicothema, 19(2), 250–255.

Currie, C., Gabhainn, S., & Godeau, E. (2008). Inequalities in young people’s health. Health behaviour in school-aged children. International report from the 2005/2006 survey. Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, 5, 105–112.

de Greeff, J. W., Bosker, R. J., Oosterlaan, J., Visscher, C., & Hartman, E. (2018, May 1). Effects of physical activity on executive functions, attention and academic performance in preadolescent children: a meta-analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.09.595

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. Plenum.

Donnelly, J. E., Hillman, C. H., Castelli, D., Etnier, J. L., Lee, S., Tomporowski, P., … Szabo-Reed, A. N. (2016, June 1). Physical activity, fitness, cognitive function, and academic achievement in children: A systematic review. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000901

Grosso, G., & Galvano, F. (2016, August 1). Mediterranean diet adherence in children and adolescents in southern European countries. NFS Journal. Elsevier GmbH. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nfs.2016.02.004

Ley Orgánica 8/2013, de 9 de diciembre, para la mejora de la calidad educativa. (n.d.). Boletín Oficial Del Estado, 295, 97858–97921.

Lobo, A. (2009). Motivation para la actividad fisica e su relation con la qalidad de vida. Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia, 12(3), 405–415. https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-9823.2009.00008

López-Castaño, E. M., Navarro-Patón, R., & Basanta-Camiño, S. (2015). ¿Qué tipo de motivación predomina en los escolares de educación primaria hacia la educación física? Un estudio descriptivo. EmásF: Revista Digital de Educación Física, 35, 152–160.

Marques, A., Gómez, F., Martins, J., Catunda, R., & Sarmento, H. (2016). Association between physical education, school-based physical activity, and academic performance: a systematic review (Asociación entre la educación física, la actividad física en la escuela, y el rendimiento académico: una revisión sistemática). Retos, 0(31), 316-320. Retrieved from https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/retos/article/view/53509

Martínez-Vizcaíno, V., Sánchez-López, M., Salcedo-Aguilar, F., Notario-Pacheco, B., Solera-Martínez, M., Moya-Martínez, P., … Rodríguez-Artalejo, F. (2012). Protocolo de un ensayo aleatorizado de clusters para evaluar la efectividad del programa MOVI-2 en la prevención del sobrepeso en escolares. Revista Espanola de Cardiologia, 65(5), 427–433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2011.12.008

Moreno, J. A., & Martínez, A. (2006). Importancia de la teoría de la autodeterminación en la práctica físico-deportiva: Fundamentos e implicaciones prácticas. Cuadernos de Psicología Del Deporte, 6(2).

Muñoz-Heras, A., Fernández-Pedraza, N., & Navarro-Patón, R. (2015). Estudio descriptivo sobre los hábitos saludables en alumnado de Primaria desde la educación física escolar. Sportis. Scientific Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity, 1(1), 87. https://doi.org/10.17979/sportis.2015.1.1.1402

Navarro-Patón, R.; Arufe Giraldez, V.; Martinez-Breijo, J. (2019). Estudio descriptivo. Sobre estereotipos de género asociados a la actividad física, deporte y educación física en escolares gallegos de educación primaria y secundaria. Journal of Sport and Health Research, in Press.

Navarro-Patón, R., Lago-Ballesteros, J., Basanta-Camiño, S., & Arufe-Giraldez, V. (2019). Relation between motivation and enjoyment in physical education classes in children from 10 to 12 years old. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(3), 527-537. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.143.04

Navarro-Patón, R., Pazos-Couto, J., Rodríguez-Fernández, J., & Arufe-Giraldez, V. (2020). Measuring physical self-concept of schoolchildren aged 10 to 16 on physical education lessons. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2020.151.01

Organización Mundial de la Salud. (2017). Datos y cifras sobre obesidad infantil. WHO. World Health Organization. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/end-childhood-obesity/facts/es/

Pino-Juste, M., Portela-Pino, I., & Abalde-Amoedo, N. (2016). Level of Physical Activity and Academic Performance. The International Journal of Pedagogy and Curriculum, 23, 53–65. https://doi.org/10.18848/2327-7963/CGP/v23i03/53-65

Portela Pino, I., & Domínguez Alonso, J. (2017). Motivación percibida por los adolescentes gallegos en la práctica del ejercicio. Revista de Estudios e Investigación En Psicología y Educación, (14), 117. https://doi.org/10.17979/reipe.2017.0.14.2518

Pumar Vidal, B.; Navarro Patón, R.; Basanta Camiño, S. (2015). Efectos de un programa de actividad física en escolares. Educación Física y Ciencia, 17 (2), 1-13. En Memoria Académica.

Ríos, Y., Navarro, R., Arufe, V., & Pérez, J. A. (2018). Evaluación de un programa de actividad física mediante juegos populares en escolares de Educación Primaria. Retos: nuevas tendencias en educación física, deporte y recreación, 34, 108-113.

Roman, B., Serra-Majem, L., Ribas-Barba, L., Pérez-Rodrigo, C., & Aranceta, J. (2008). How many children and adolescents in Spain comply with the recommendations on physical activity? Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 48(3), 380–387.

Sabo, D., & Veliz, P. (2016). Inequalities in Athletic Participation During Adolescence: A Nationwide Study of Attrition Rates in Organized Sports in the United States. Health Behavior and Policy Review, 3, 88–98. https://doi.org/10.14485/HBPR.3.2.1

Salas-Cabrera, J. (2016). Estilos de vida saludables: un derecho fundamental en la vida del ser humano. Revista Latinoamericana de Derechos Humanos, 26(2), 37. https://doi.org/10.15359/rldh.26-2.2




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2021.163.09





Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.