Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

The impacts of combination of physical exercise programs on the functional capacity of patients with heart failure

Agung Wahyu Permadi, Soetanto Hartono, Endang Sri Wahjuni, Ni Kadek Dwipayani Lestari



This study aims to increase cardiac functional capacity using a physical exercise programs to patients with heart failure. Research subjects were 50 people divided into five groups. Group 1 was given the treatment of tai chi exercise, group 2 was treated with treadmill training, group 3 was given a treatment of stationary bike workout, group 4 was given a combination treatment of tai chi, treadmill training, stationary bike workout, and group 5 was the control group. The study was conducted for 12 weeks. There was one treatment that had the most significant impact compared to the other treatments, which was combination treatment of tai chi, treadmill training, and stationary bike workout, with a value of p = .000. Based on the results of data analysis, All treatments had a significant impact on cardiac functional capacity of patients with heart failure and the impact of physical exercise combination of tai chi, treadmill training, and stationary bike workout was significantly more optimal in patients with heart failure than treatments without combination of physical exercise as Tai-Chi, treadmills, and stationary bike exercise.


Physical exercise program; Tai chi; Treadmill; Stationary bike; Functional capacity; Heart failure


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